Confucius By Mozi Argument Analysis

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I agree with this proposition.
Mozi’s idea of 兼愛 jiān-ài universal concern suggested that everyone should love universally, a man should love another person as much as they love themselves, and love any human beings the same way, no matter is their parents, other’s parents or a stranger. It has been said that people should practice all-embracing love because the God, which is the 天 tiānnature:sky, would want them to do so, or else will be punished for practicing “discrimination”. On the other hand, 禮lǐritual, in Confucius, is particularly concerned about family hierarchies and one’s parents. Based on an important concept in Confucius, filial piety, respecting one’s parents is the fundamental virtue of a man (Analects 1.6) . Mencius, which
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Mozi tried to apply natural knowledge to explain and understand the 天 tiānnature:sky.. As he has used observation and experiences, which in a sense is through scientific method, to explain the existence of 天 tiānnature:sky, therefore he shall not be a naturalist. However, with Mozi’s attempt to justified the existence of God, there is still no prove that there is such supernatural power which have control over the fate of the world and human beings. Therefore, according to the generally accepted definition of naturalism, where supernatural power that is beyond nature should not be part of the belief, Mozi’s belief that 天 tiānnature:sky is God makes him not able to be called a…show more content…
And from chapter 11 of The Mozi, “Agreement with the Superior I”, Mozi has said, “What the superior thinks to be right, all shall think to be right. What the superior thinks to be wrong, all shall think to be wrong ”. This have indicated that the superior, which is the emperor, will have absolute say and power in the country, showing that it is totalitarian. Furthermore, the Mozi has stated that everyone must follow and agree with what the superior’s standard of right or wrong. In chapter 12 of The Mozi, it has been stressed that those who follow and agree with the superior shall be rewarded, while those who are against the superior’s word would be punished heavily by the superior and condemn by the people . This seems to be a “totalitarian style” of forcing people to blindly follow what the superior said, no matter they agree or not, or else they will be punished. This indicates that the superior do not tolerate other opinion and deprive the freedom of people to their own belief and thoughts, making the superior an absolute

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