Skinner, positive reinforcement is when you specifically reward someone; to increase the probability of that same response occurring in the future. The concept is that reinforced behaviour tends to reoccur and therefore become stronger. When behaviour is not reinforced it is less likely to occur and therefore becomes weaker. Behaviour strengthens through positive reinforcement because it rewards an individual for a specific action. An example of how positive reinforcement works would be an experiment done by B.F. Skinner.
In schools, a class pet is used to demonstrate to the children to become responsible and caring. Children experience responsibility by doing activities such as feeding, ensuring the animal has water and a clean habitat. Animal therapy also builds up their confidence level where it allows them to be more comfortable in talking and it also helps their communication skills where they learn body language skills to help them communicate with the animal. At B.F kitchen Elementary School, Colorado, they have noticed that animal therapy has increased the student’s confidence and attention in class. It has also helped keep them motivated to attend classes and enjoy them rather than be very bored and forced to come to school or attend classes.
Reinforcement in this behavior- related matter is a consequence that strengthens the future of an organism whenever the behavior ensues a particular antecedent. Its strengthening effect can be measured in terms of longer durations, higher behavior frequencies and shorter latency among others. Positive reinforcements are rewarding stimuli associated with an appreciated and appetitive behavior. A positive reinforcement takes place where a desirable stimulus or event is presented as the behaviors consequence resulting to an increase in behavior. For a negative reinforcement however, it occurs when the behaviors rate increases due to the removal of an aversive stimulus or event or the prevention of it from happening.
Testing on animals ; some people believe that this is harmful. Testing on animals whether it's medicine, food, or anything it is not harmful. If testing on rats it will not hurt their species . This is because the birth rate is 22-26 days and 6-13 pups per litter. I am pro animal testing because animals repopulate In the wild and in captivity so,testing won't hurt.
Children are not taught to stretch their thinking and to be receptive of opposing views. In the current society of “protected feelings”, children are being taught that negative opinions are bad, and this type of thinking does not allow them to flourish intellectually.(p. 7) Sadly, children are not learning about what the First Amendment means, and as a result, college students are protesting against speakers which have different viewpoints from their own. In addition, Stephens contends that college students are not capable of thinking for themselves because they tend to identify with a particular group and own that groups views. (p. 8) He strongly argues that “to disagree well you must first understand well.” (Stephens p.5) Secondly, Stephens acknowledges that the influential media is another contributor to the downfall of healthy debate.
Gatto became a schoolteacher because according to him he had nothing better to do, he is an English teacher but he says the he doesn’t only teach English; he teaches school. His students learn seven lessons for life and they are things that can easily be criticized by others who do not understand them and make assumptions. The first is the lesson of Confusion. There is a lack of connection between the curriculum that students are taught and it’s just thrown at them. It causes great confusion in the minds of the kids.
Perhaps giving animals the likeness of a machine is to far. However, the concept of animals only being able to learn from experience and not from teaching the way humans do helps serperate the two parties and further push the idea that we are different and should not hold the same rights. Another argument used by the supporters of animal testing is the notion of voluntary consent. Human beings have the mental capacity to personally volunteer themselves for experimentation for the advancement of modern medicine if they so desired. Animals, on the other hand, lack this mental capacity.
Reinforcing what a good job your puppy is doing is going to make sure that your pet repeats the desired behavior to please you. They will learn that what they do is good and satisfying for you and they will seek to replicate it again. A very important aspect is to not scold your puppy for accidents, especially in the beginning of the potty training process. That will only make them frightened or be scared of you, and will actually increase the chances of the dog going potty somewhere you don 't want him to go. You are only traumatizing him and contributing to a troubled or stunted growth.
During playtime at school, she doesn't like to share her toys with her friends. I was told that she is aggressive to her surroundings, she would hit her classmate when things don't go her way. Her teacher punished her by making her put back all her toys in the bin and have her sit until she learned how to share and stop being aggressive to her classmates. Her teacher uses operant conditioning, operant conditioning according to Skinner is "the best way to understand behavior is by looking at the causes of an action and its consequences"(Saul McLeod). This helps to reduce D’s aggressive behavior because she doesn't like to be taken away from her toys.
Discipline is as vital for healthy child development as nutritious food, physical and cognitive exercises, love, and other basic needs. Without discipline, children lack the tools necessary to navigate relationships and challenges in life, such as self-discipline, respect for others, and the ability to cooperate with peers. Discipline is not about creating conflict with your child or lashing out in anger. Disciplining your child, but when done correctly, is not about trying to control your child, but about showing them how to control their own behavior. It is not about punishing a child for doing something wrong but, about setting clear parameters and consequences for breaking rules so that they learns how to discipline themselves.
Conversely, he did stop his experiment early for social reasoning, as emotional trauma was done to the prisoners. Consequently, Milgram had taken the opposite approach, while his experiment did use pain to see if the learner would obey the teacher more. “When the destructive effects of their work became patently clear, and they are asked to carry out actions incompatible with fundamental standards of morality, relatively few people have the resources needed to resist authority” (Milgram 587). The participants knew that these actions were not in their best interest but still decided to obey. It can be argued that more experiments may be taken on in the near future that will appear ethical to the public eye.