Mr. Utterson As An Extra-Heterodiegetic Narrator In The Victorian

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By the usage of an extra-heterodiegetic narrator with a zero/flexible focalization, the reader is able to observe the interactions between the characters more clearly and other characters that are not viewed perfectly get a more objective viewpoint than a heterodiegetic narrator alone can provide. . Overall, the use of Mr. Utterson and the narrator complement each other and help the plot to be more sophisticated than if Mr. Utterson had acted as the narrator himself. Utterson has also some kind of effect on the Victorian reader; he is able to convey the message of the gothic fears. The narrator lets the reader walk in the dark, along with Utterson. Both the reader and Utterson share the same sense of mystery, fear and the situation that slowly unfolds in front of them. This results in a more clear focus on the themes of the nature of evil and man’s divided self. The heterodiegetic narrator is a reliable source and a trustworthy narrator. He is objective and has the subjective information of Utterson. Even if Utterson might not be the best source of information, it is still possible to trust him, because the narrator does provide enough evidence for him to be trustworthy. For example, the narrator tells us that Utterson truly cares about Jekyll’s welfare, even before he knows something about Hyde. Otherwise, the story would have ended in a blink of an eye if due to the fact that the narrator follows Utterson investigation. Furthermore, the story is unbelievable because he

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