Both of these invasions to Japan failed. Although Kublai Khan was not known his military achievement like Genghis Khan, his reign was the time of the most remarkable military achievement which was the unification of China. Although Kublai Khan dealt with more of the social and economic issues than military, he did try. He gave the power over the military to the Privy Council. Kublai Khan wanted to unify all of the military that was under the power of the Privy Council, but this was disagreed upon by the Mongol Commanders.
He took control of Muslim holy cities such as Mecca and Medina. He also took control of Cairo and Egypt, the intellectual center of the Muslim world. Selim’s son, Suleyman, made tremendous impact on the Ottoman empire, driving it to it’s peak. Suleyman made an efficient and structured government that reduces bureaucracy. He also made law codes to handle criminal and civil actions, limited taxes, and improved citizens lives.
Likewise, Chandragupta II, the ruler of the Gupta Empire decided to rule a bureaucratic government by dividing the empire into different provinces. The provinces were ruled by princes who were loyal to Chandragupta II, which would allow one man to control a vast empire and make it stable. The ways Pericles
The Mughal Empire had different origins compared to the Ottoman Empire, especially when it comes to the influence for their creation. The Mughal Empire had no religious motivations when it came to establishing and expanding the empire. Babur only wanted to win back Ferghana, the city he had inherited at twelve years old, only to lose it two years later. He spent several years trying to win his city back but never succeeded. After the disappointing loss that would never allow him to return home, Babur decided to begin building his own empire in Northern India.
India was and still is known as one of the most complex cultures we know of today. Two of the most memorable empires were the Mauryan and Gupta. The Mauryan dynasty formed after Alexander the Great visited India. The empire ruled by Chandragupta Maurya who was a powerful ruler and unified most of the subcontinent. The Gupta empire on the other hand was more influential even though they did not have any influential ruler and had a smaller empire.
Emperor Akbar was the ruler of a gunpowder Empire, allowing him to conquer most of the Indian subcontinent, which is what I believe he will be remembered for. Equally important, Akbar created new policies to have non-Muslims support him, some policies like removal of taxes on pilgrims along with non-Muslims, he became interested in other religions, to the point of complete toleration as well as inviting Christian missionaries to talk to him about their religion. Surprisingly, even though he supported and had his court made of poets, artists and scholars he never learned to read or indite.
He favored a more traditional balance of power in which the interests of Muslim and non-Muslims were heeded. After Sunni Ali’s death, the Muslim general Askia the Great took over. He created a centralized government and continued the expansion of the Songhai kingdom. Askia the Great, also known as Muhammad Ture, increased the importance of trading, religious, and educational centers. Muslim chroniclers remembered Askia the Great as the famous king of Songhai.
786–809), is his passion for arts and science made Baghdad and influential center in the world for science, philosophy, medicine, and education. Due to the massive size of the Abbasid Empire it had many connections with other cultures, and so Baghdad scholars collected and translated knowledge from all those neighboring cultures. Certainly, Harun Al Rashid legacy was carried out by his son al ma'mun. Al ma'mun enhanced his father legacy by improving scientists and scholar’s performances. One of al ma'mun establishments is “Bayt al Hikma” in Baghdad - Iraq, which is the house of wisdom.
They differ in the fact that they were written 800 years apart and the kings had very different leadership styles. These two kings were obviously very influential in their respective kingdoms, with King Hammurabi being the King of Babylon and King Gilgamesh being the King of Uruk. Gilgamesh is apparently an earlier ruler than Hammurabi, but they both had done magnificent accomplishments for their respective kingdoms while they were in power. It is interesting, though, that the biography of Hammurabi portrays Hammurabi as one of the greatest rulers of the ancient times with very positive reviews from its people. However, in the Epic of Gilgamesh, many of Uruk’s residents wanted Gilgamesh to leave them alone, that he wasn’t being a very good king, and that the city-state would be better off without his oppressive and tyrannical rule.