Muhammad Akbar: The Great Emperor Of The Mughal Empire

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Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar was arguably the most exceptional emperor in the Mughal dynasty, who ruled from 1556 to 1605. Though he was the third emperor, he is considered the architect of the Mughal Empire in India. He was instrumental in introducing numerous policies and reforms for the betterment of the empire. This research paper will explore the various aspects of his administration system. He formulated an administration system that was inspired by the previous administration system followed in India, as well as the Persian and Central Asian styles of administration. Known for his effective methods of administration, Akbar built a strong foundation for his successors.
Akbar’s whole administration system can be categorised into four departments: Central administration, Provincial administration, Military administration and the Land revenue system.
Central administration:
Akbar had the ultimate authority as all the power of the system was centralised – which essentially included the military, judiciary and religious aspects, and he usually abided by the Shariat or Islamic law. Every officer was appointed directly by the emperor rather than his superior. This increased their dependence on the emperor.
The Central government under Akbar was further divided into four departments, each headed by a minister. These
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It was a very systematic method of reorganizing the structure and functioning of the military. Each of the Mansabdars was held accountable to the emperor directly. This not only increased his control over the system, but it also helped prevent revolts and conflicts amongst the Mansabdars. However, it had its defects. Most of the military comprised of foreigners or immediate descendants of foreigners and hence, this failed to create a national army. Furthermore, there were no uniform rules for training the soldiers, and the quality and nature of the weaponry differed from squadron to
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