and Frederick Douglass were two of the greatest abolitionists, writers, and statesmen to ever exist; devoting their life's work to tirelessly fight for the rights of African Americans. During the span of their lives, the "Letter from Birmingham Jail" and speech "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro" took America by storm and have left a tangible impact on American history. In these acclaimed works, Dr. King and Douglass both use appeals to sadness to elaborate on the vile treatment of African Americans, evidence-based arguments to expose the corruption in the American church and justice system, careful, calculated, and persuasive language to establish their credibility. It is clear that speeches, essays, works of art, and music produced during a civil rights movement is nothing short of powerful, provocative, and most of the time, painful; but they are absolutely
Dawn McNeil-Bruce English 2100 Professor Andrews- Parker 10/21/15 The Rhetorical Techniques in “Letter from Birmingham Jail” The unjust treatment of African Americans have cause a significant amount of African American leaders to use different ways to advocate for racial equality. One very famous advocate was Martin Luther King Jr. On April 16, 1963, Dr. King had written a letter from Birmingham jail to eight clergymen towards racial equality. Martin Luther King Jr. had used this letter to convince the clergymen of the racial injustice towards African Americans. In order to persuade his audience Dr. King had used rhetorical devices to appeal to them. Martin Luther King Jr. uses an urgent tone to his
King was fed up with the way he and the black community were treated so he turned to peaceful protesting. King was in Birmingham because injustice was prominent. King was arrested on April 16, 1963. for ignoring an injunction by the government. During King’s time in jail, which was for eight days, he wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” His letter was written to justify his actions and to defend his acts of nonviolent protests. In Dr.
Malcolm X his birth name Malcolm Little is a fine a example of a leader and has most of these leadership qualities. Malcolm X was a Muslim minister who was also African American. He was a activist for human rights, Malcolm was a bold and courageous spokesperson for blacks to have rights,Malcolm X declared America “white America” to have the most harshest of terms for it’s tenacious treatments against African Americans.In the year 1946, he was sentenced to prison because he was caught breaking and entering. When he was incarcerated, he was chosen to become a member of the Nation of Islam. This is when he changed his birth name from Malcolm Little to Malcolm X.
This is in response to those who were wondering why there must be action taken now, and why they cannot just wait. In addition, King is responding to the detractors of the civil rights movement, who may not understand why such a movement is required. King uses anaphora by constantly repeating the phrase, “your”. This creates a sense of pathos as it connects to the audience and helps the audience understand the perspective of Dr. martin Luther King Jr. & other civil rights activists. The audience sees all the atrocities done to, and still being done to (at the time) minorities, and thus the use of anaphora helps strengthen Dr. King’s appeal to pathos, as the audience now understands the point of view of civil rights
American citizens remember him today mainly for his bold oppositions to slavery. This man drastically changed the course of history when he issued the Emancipation Proclamation. This document permanently abolished slavery. "The freedom that was won for so many black Americans in that war permanently enshrined the memory of Abraham Lincoln as one of our greatest presidents in the hearts and minds of all Americans" (Stone 8). Certainly a strong and brave man would be needed to lead a country that is in warfare.
Martin Luther king Jr. was one of the most influential people during the Civil Rights era and was responsible for changing the lives of all African Americans in America. He was a leader of his time; on a mission to gain freedom from segregation and derivation of rights for all minorities in the south. As a Political Leader, Martin Luther King Jr. had many followers, but just the same, he also had criticizers. In his letter addressed to the Clergymen titled “Letter from Birmingham Jail (1963)”, Martin Luther King Jr. speaks as the President of the Southern Christian Leadership Council and answers to questions and concerns of his participation and demonstration of nonviolent actions against political wrong doings that resulted in the imprisonment of Martin Luther King Jr. and several other protestors. Martin Luther King Jr. felt the need to address the concerns of his criticizers who thought that his actions were misguided and impetuous.
Martin Luther King Jr is the most iconic civil rights leader in history. If anyone is unsure of his significance, they could simply take a trip to Washington, D.C to view his magnificent monument. Dr. King in the 1950s and 1960s, led protests and spoke on numerous occasions about injustice and segregation within the African American community. Although he had many Anti- Racism protest, his most legendary took place in Birmingham, Alabama. While in Birmingham, Dr. King was arrested which led to him writing a detailed letter to the city clerk.
Celtics fans are spoiled. Or at the very least, have been spoiled by the rich history and 17 championship titles. Hall-of-Famers Bill Russell, Larry Bird, Kevin McHale and Red Auerbach all walked the halls of the infamous Boston Garden. The franchise, overrun with history and talent also carries the crown to be the first professional franchise to draft an African American player in Chuck Cooper, then followed that up by being the first pro sport to appoint an African American coach in Bill Russell. Remarkable milestones for a franchise that has endured its share of bad press.
During the era of the civil rights movements in the 60s, among the segregation, racism, and injustice against the blacks, Martin Luther King Jr. stood at the Lincoln Memorial to deliver one of the greatest public speeches for freedom in that decade. In Martin Luther King Jr’s “I Have a Dream” speech he effectively uses ethos, diction and powerful metaphors to express the brutality endured by African American people. Yet his most important method of reaching his audience, and conveying his enduring message of equality and freedom for the whole nation was his appeal to pathos. With these devices, King was able to move thousands of hearts and inspire the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Opening his speech Martin Luther King Jr. sets up his credibility with his use of ethos, referring to the Declaration of Independence saying, “This note was a promise that all men… would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life.” He places the strong authority of the declaration on his side to show how the American people are in contradiction to their own “sacred obligation” and the Negros have gotten a “bad check.” A metaphor representing the unfulfilled promise of human rights for the African Americans.
He was moved around to quite a bit temples and made sure to make his mark on each on. “The Hate that Hate Produced” was a documentary created about Malcom X and the Nation of Islam. He was affiliated with the Nation of Islam until 1964 when he believed that it had reached as far as the religion could go. One of Malcom X’s first incident with Civil Rights was Johnson Hilson. Hilson was an African American that had gotten between 2 officers beating another African American trying to break it up but ended up just getting beaten too.
He initiated the Project Independence in reaction to the oil embargo of 1973, which set a timetable to end reliance on foreign oil by 1980. In 1970, Nixon avoided a second Cuban Missile Crisis involving a Soviet submarine base. Supported Israel with massive aid in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, which Prime Minister Golda Meir later said saved her country. By the end of his presidency, Nixon’s approval rating had tumbled to 24 percent. Significantly, his disapproval rating climbed in direct relation to the fall in his approval rating.
At the National Archives is located the draft card of Martin Luther King Jr., a Civil Rights Activist, who fought for the rights, freedom, and equality of everyone. Dr. King grew up during an era in history when racism and discrimination was the norm in America, so as an adult he dedicated his life to peacefully fighting injustice and inequality. He led marches, directed sit-ins, and participated multiple boycotts along with many other activists. Additionally, all of these actions where done to get the attention of the American government, American society, and the world. Dr. King wanted everyone to know that the way African Americans and other minorities were being treated was wrong and that these unjust norms needed to be removed or altered from our society.
The nation of Islam started to believe Malcom was creating alliances with African Americans. Malcom later suspended and silenced by the Nation of Islam for 90 days after he gave a speech entitled “Gods view on white America.” One year later in March of 1964 Malcom announced his official departure from the nation of Islam. After announcing his departure from the nation of Islam Malcom became paranoid. “I am a marked man.” Malcom stated in an interview. Malcom X already knew that somebody was after him and that he was a target for assassination.
Muhammad Ali was more than just a boxer; he was a member of the Nation of Islam and opposed the Vietnam War. He opposed the war so much that, even though he was drafted, he opted not to go to war and protested against it. When Ali did this, he angered a lot of people. Colin Kaepernick is an NFL quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers. Colin helped lead his team to the Superbowl against the Baltimore Ravens, something the 49ers have not done since the 1990s.