In this research paper, I have tried to highlight the historical perspective of Dalit Literature with minute details. As we know that untouchability is one of the greatest evils of Indian society since the inception of the civilization. In the Manu Smriti, the Hindu's law book of social code, one can observe the tragic picture who were deprived of many rights especially their banning of entry into the temples or reading the Hindu scriptures as the traditional Indian society was brahmanical. That is why the great social reformers of India like Mahatma Gandhi, B. R. Ambedkar, Tagore and Swami Dayanand etc. raised their voice of protest against this age-old injustice and discrimination.
Ngugi works are characterized by criticism against European unacceptable law and injustice. Petals of Blood revolve around ruthless capitalist and deals with issues like land, history, education and exploitation. Religion in both novels is used as a tool to enslave the mind and soul of natives. Ngugi in his works like The Trial of Dedan Kimathi, Petals of Blood, Detained and Matigari has focused on the plights of the oppressed because it is the fiction that could rouse the consciousness of the masses. Ngugi works for the change in society that kind of society which promotes unequal social order.
No one truly knows the purpose of life, why there is death and suffering. The purpose of life has many meaning and is different for everyone. Good people tend to suffer more because others get jealous and use violence to end the good. In the poems, “Antigone” and, “Prometheus Bound”,and the book, “Gospel of Matthew”, express why the good people suffer and what the purpose of life really is. The poem “Antigone” shows how the good people are suffering and the purpose of life.
We have a multilingual and multicultural society. The idea of unity in diversity prevails in India but with this diversity arise many issues. Casteism is one of the problems that India has been facing for centuries now. Millions of Indians are still denied a life with dignity and equality just because of their caste. An individual’s caste with respect to his society is like the umbilical cord.
The essay first explores the representation of power in the novel as it relates to certain binaries such as ‘self’ and ‘other’; ‘just and ‘unjust’; and ‘powerful’ and ‘vulnerable’. Secondly, the novel’s resolution of key conflicts and how alterities are affirmed will be discussed. The Oxford English Dictionary defines colonialism as an “alleged policy of exploitation of backward or weak peoples by a large power”. Waiting for the Barbarians is set in an unspecified place and time but serves as an as an allegory to imperial or colonial atrocities that were committed by those in power. In this novel, Coetzee considers the nature of oppression and its effect on both the oppressor and the oppressed.
Putting all of these into consideration, the appropriate title for the film adaptation of the novel is “That Destroyed Itself”. The film is titled as such because of the injustices that occur in the plot of the novel. Because of these cruelties in the traditions and social norms the society is tearing itself apart. The cruelties not only affect the society in the plot but also the humanity of the characters. The issues that are present in the plot that would also be seen in the film are: The Caste System, Communism, Child Abuse, Discrimination,Forbidden Love and Violence Against Women.
Abstract This assignment focuses on how deviance forms a part of major social institutions in our society i.e., religion, education, government, economy and family. It attempts to explore so, through different perspectives and live examples/ situations persisting in the India society. I have also tried to give examples of situations that I have witnessed in the agency I am placed, Crime against Women (CAW) Cell. What is Deviance? Though there is no exact or approved definition of Deviance but the Blackwell encyclopaedia of sociology defines it as, ‘violation of a social norm which is likely to result in censure or punishment for the violator’.
In this chapter I will discuss how the social injustice, which is imposed by colonial rule suppressed Indians and impacted them so much that ultimately it resulted in their upheaval. Basically this chapter deals with a collision of beliefs. It begins with minor background information on Anand including what he believed to be the responsibilities of the writer. It goes on to explain how, through his work, Anand hoped to fuse the past with the contemporary mindset and technical knowledge and integrate them to secure a humanitarian India. This chapter looks at the differences in home-life circumstances and hygiene.
Due to power relations, differences in social status and systematic discrimination, the caste-system resulted in multidimensional inequalities (social, economic, political and educational). Implemented in India at end of 19th century by the colonial British authorities but made systematic after independence in 1947, positive discrimination, known as reservation in India, consists in a series of affirmative actions undertaken through reserved quotas in politics, government jobs and educational institutions for the Dalits and low-caste people. Despite the attempt of the State to ban discrimination on the basis of caste (Article 17 of the Indian constitution) and implement policies of positive discrimination to correct historical injustices and reduce the inequalities since 1950, the Dalits and lower castes still face lack of access to services, poor education, health and poverty. Thus, in order to address the historical oppression, inequality and discrimination
enabling agency and service provider has greater impact over the community. Enabling agencies such as policy making bodies, judiciary and administration whose decisions on priorities and strategies in dealing with Hijra’s issues. Such as section 377 of Indian Pinal Code (IPC) which criminalizes sexual activities “against the order of nature” arguably including homosexual acts. Results in denial and rejection at home along the discrimination in workplace and public spaces. Indian constitution claim to treat human equally before law, prohibition of discrimination on the various ground, equal opportunity in public employment including sex, freedom of expression and protection of life and personal liberty in article 14 to 21 but still policy makers undermine the existence of transgender in various policies.