Reflection Hays and Erford (2014) define the factors affecting our counselor identity as our culture, lifespan period, gender, sexual orientation, and the last but not the least our prejudicial beliefs. In the country that I have grown up, we did not have too many Asian descents living among us and the insight that we have about both Native Americans and Asian Americans were just a paragraph length of information in sociology books. I would just add a couple American movies have had some people included in the film as side characters or neighbor members. Preparing for this week’s assignment gave me a lot different perception about Asian Americans, Native Americans and multiculturally component counselors.
Multi-cultural counselling and therapy (MCT) has its origins in the 1970’s civil rights movements in the USA (Bimrose, (1996) as cited in Fischer, Jome & Atkinson, 1998). At this time research showed that minority groups were least likely to request and / or persevere in the counselling process. Since most counselling theories and practices are based on the world views and beliefs of white, male, middle class individuals it was suggested that these theories were not as relevant or as helpful to people from other diverse groups. These ideologies are not necessarily congruent with how people live and see the world. Bimrose ((1996) as cited in Fischer, Jome and Atkinson, 1998) suggests that the concept at the centre of traditional counselling
The question is, how can teachers promote multicultural competency in this multicultural society? Students need help to develop, multicultural competencies and multiple perspectives. Multicultural literature bridges the racial and class-based isolation that prevents the sharing of diverse experiences across racial, ethnic, class and cultural lines, (Hughes_hassell, S. 2013). The paradigms of race have been conflated with notions of ethnicity, class, and nation, because theories of race-of its meaning, its transformations, in the significance of racial events-have never been a top priority in social science, (Ladson-Billings, G.; Tate, W. F. 1995).
It would make an attempt to examine if they undergo the concept of shifting identities when exposed this phenomenon. It would also probe the factors that allows their identities to undergo changes and emerge stronger. This research study draws inspiration from the study carried out by Holliday (2010), and Moore and Barker (2011). In his paper Holliday studied the complexities in cultural identity, while Moore and Barker carried out their study amongst third culture individuals to observe and understand the existence of multiculturalism.
I think it is a little of both. Being culturally competent is a process that is lifelong as well as the knowledge you gain by being in the field. Researching and gaining knowledge of the different cultures is something that I consider mandatory. Realistically, there is no way to be 100% multicultural competent because there are so many different cultures around us. This is why studying and learning about different cultures is an ongoing process because there is no end to what we can learn.
As a College counselor I have to identify non-dominant cultural background students as an individual gaining data about not only ethnicity, gender, social class, language proficiency but also family type, family background, immigration status, religion etc. Understanding multiple non dominant identities helps me to understand how they read and see their environment. Furthermore; all these factors shape personal and group values and attitudes, including awareness about what works and what doesn’t work, what is useful and what is not, what makes sense and what does not. I need to be well-informed about cultural differences and competent in responding their needs and, trustful, respectful, nonjudgmental and trained working with diverse population.
Diversity and inclusion, with any future clients, should be personalized and should work their alongside rather than for them. This concept is imperative to me and I feel confident that I will execute this as a social worker. However, I need to become assertive with challenging discrimination, oppression and cultural assumptions. I need to attend more conferences that focus on this area of professional development. Next year, as a student with less responsibilities, I am hoping to immures myself actively in discussion about cultural competence.
Introduction The lessons I have experienced for education in diversity and oppression within a multicultural society have taken many different forms, however the similarities of these lessons are evident in the following reflections I have explored. In my reflections on gender bias, sexual orientation, race perspectives, religion and spirituality, and classism, I can see there was a subtle, if not strong, disconnect between the values I learned throughout my life and the current status of diversity as it is in modern societies. A new awareness and appreciation about the value set I once defended has evolved due to the subsequent literature and varied forms of media which I have been exposed to in the past several years. Values which surround oppression and privilege are usually just below the surface of multicultural relationships.
Terry, (2007), observed, motivating a multicultural workforce in the US. The research was done on a US based company as a case study by the researcher. The study was completely empirical, all based on hard-won experience in several companies. This case study shows quite clearly that an address to cultural differences and language difficulties inherent in a multicultural workforce will bring substantial, measurable improvement in a company, which will show up in higher revenue, better quality and general expansion. Zuo et.al (2009) examined Project culture in the Chinese construction industry: perceptions of contractors in South Australia.
The interviewee currently lives in America although his business is out of Venezuela. The interviewee empathized with this particular question, he reflected on his mother’s experience and what she currently goes through emotionally. His mother was raised in Venezuela and described how it was much different when she was a kid. The interviewee’s parents wanted the best for their children and knew that they wouldn’t get that in Venezuela because of the way things were then.