This shared cultural identity is essentially determined by difference from other people. A group of people feels they belong to a group, which defines itself as a group, by noticing and highlighting differences with other groups and cultures. Hence, any culture naturally defines itself in relation to and in contradistinction from other cultures. So, while human beings share the same nature and reason, the expressions of this human nature into the different modes of life and different human activities are diverse, hence the diversity of human culture. The diversity of human cultures represents “various expressions of one nature – the human nature.” This diversity is an “indication of the creativity and resourcefulness of the human nature.”13
According to Ottaviano and Peri it is a broad concept that has captivated the interest of both economists and social scientist (2006). In order to understand cultural diversity one has to first understand culture and diversity. Culture is described by Lequerica and Krch as a learned system, of attitudes, values and beliefs shared by a group of people which can include race, religion, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, disability status and age (2014). Whereas Ely and Thomas describes diversity as a trait of groups of two or more people and normally refers to demographic differences of one sort or the other among group members (2001). The focus of this paper will be the social and economic benefits of cultural diversity in the society today as a result of immigration.
Abstract: The modern globalised world has witnessed the blurring of boundaries between diverse nationalities and cultures, as there is a heightened interaction between people of different geographical locations due to increased technological advancements and migrations. Every individual in today’s multicultural world is exposed to many different cultures, which have a profound effect on their identities. Among the various freedoms that people enjoy today, they have the freedom to choose their cultural affiliations. When people travel from one nationality to another they often undertake a journey to discover themselves. Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni, an acclaimeddiasporic author, has delineated the lives of immigrants, their joys and sorrows,
Multiculturalism and its Relationship to Canada’s National Identity Though multiculturalism has been shown to be a wise policy economically and politically, the effects of multiculturalism has unintentionally complicated the Canadian national identity. Though multiculturalism is a significant part of the national identity of Canada, it has brought the population further away from national unity as the country struggles to maintain equality among and respect for all cultures. To derive a national identity from such an amalgamation of cultures has also proven to be a challenge throughout past decades as many Canadians view multiculturalism and immigration as being threats to the ‘Canadian way of life’. Officially adopted as a national policy
In this age where technology is at its highest point in human history, the world has never been so connected yet separated before. As the result of the segregation of cultures and people, the world as of now stands divided. Countless wars have been waged over the clash of ideas and methodologies, and all of this stems from the inability of humanity to accept that we are all, simply put, just humans in flesh and blood. The effects of cultural diversity have long been observed and recorded, given that they are very beneficial. Firstly and most importantly, diversity enriches a nation with a melting pot of multiple cultures, which give the country its own identity.
It means all about the human. It is about beliefs, attitudes or intentions. d. Characteristics of Culture According to Yvette (2009:105-106), culture has a set of characteristics as follow: 1) Long-term perspective: Culture was developed many years ago and is the accumulation of experience and knowledge. 2) Collection: Culture is a collection of beliefs, values, habits, norms, and traditions. 3) A social phenomenon: Culture appears from human interaction.
The multiplicity of cultures in a multicultural society enriches the cultural space, but it can also cause controversy, and even a violent conflict. Understanding other cultures helps people to easily adapt to a new environment to live and work with people from distinct cultures. A very positive attitude towards people from different cultures and entering into relations with their representatives is significant because
As per World Culture Theory of Globalization (Robertson, 1992), though there exists an impact of globalization on societal and other socio-cultural processes, but still it operates independent of these constituents. It is important to note that, breaking old social orders and enabling new solidarities, there exists global movement of religious ideas, money, tourism, food and technology. As per (Robertson, 1992), there is no single driving force to globalization, but contrary to this there exists a popular notion that there is a pecuniary interconnection to the globalization process. At different times throughout the history of mankind there have been integrated dominant casual forces in the process of globalization, such as, religion, culture and technology. One has to understand that the basis of World Culture Theory of Globalization forms from the fact that “globalization is not a monolithic concept but has a multidimensional aspect attached to it”.
It positively promotes ethnic and religious identities and underlines collective rights. The operational definition of multiculturalism: Multiculturalism is a system contains beliefs and behaviors that allows and respects the presence of all diverse ethnic and religious groups insociety, accepts and appreciates their ethno-cultural values, and encourages and promotes their many cultural customs within in cultural context which results in powering of society in terms of all sides. It encourages to preserve the distinctiveness of multiple cultures. There are also other settlement policies such as isolationism, cultural assimilation and racial segregation. Isolationism does not accept that alien people (especially culturally alien ones) enter a country and live there, so preclude parallel existence of different cultures.
I can say it depend with the culture on how they view things. However, I should say culture is comprised of a community’s set of common values, practices, and goals. Culture is vivacious concept that allows for change due to different factors, such as the need to adapt to the environment and the exposure to other cultures. Developing an understanding for other cultures are acclimatizing to a global world was increasingly needed to interact with people of different background. Culture is one thing, which it is developing in time and passed from one generation to the next.