Multiculturalism In Canada Research Paper

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Multiculturalism is popular in many countries as it can be used as a strategy to fight inequalities. Supporters of multiculturalism claim that it removes social and cultural barriers for immigrants and minority groups, making them feel more welcome in Canadian society, promoting a stronger sense of belonging and pride in Canada (Kymlicka, 2010, p. 7). Therefore, multiculturalism is useful as it assists in the integration of immigrants and minorities. On the other hand, critics argues that multiculturalism accentuates the differences between groups rather than their shared rights or identities as the nation’s citizens as it promotes “ghettoization and balkanization” (Kymlicka, 2010, p. 7), thereby encouraging members of ethnic groups to look…show more content…
Thus, forms of amalgamation are closely related with colonial history, the emergence of nation-states, and the resulting policies of exclusion and inclusion on the basis of citizenship (Rodriguez, 2010, p. 253). As can be seen in Canada, multiculturalism is enshrined in the nation’s constitution, therefore, multiculturalism reflects a principal part of the social and political context of Canada. Multiculturalism, therefore, persists as it is the belief of how Canadians ought to be, the values that Canadians hold onto. The Canadian multicultural policy, put in place in 1971, serves as a guideline for government policy as well as a framework for national discourse on the construction of Canadian society (Mahtani, 2002, pp. 67-68). Recent research reveals that a most Canadians view immigrants and demographic diversity as significant parts of their own Canadian identity (Kymlicka, 2010, p. 7). In this model, individuals can express a degree of individuality and it celebrates people’s differences (e.g. religion, culture, ethnicity) and this model allows community of people to exchange ideas and perspectives of the world. A recent research reveals that Canadians are “more likely to say that immigration is beneficial, less likely to believe that immigrants are prone to crime, and more likely to support multiculturalism and to view it as a source of pride,” in comparison to other Western democratic nations (Kymlicka, 2010, p. 7). Furthermore, the researchers found that among Canadians, support for multiculturalism has increased over the years – eighty-five per cent of Canadians agreed that multiculturalism was important to Canadian identity in 2003, in contrast to the seventy-four per cent of Canadians in 1997. Popular support for multiculturalism in Canada remains relatively strong. In Canada,

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