“But apart from the church, the white men had also brought a government.” This is a quote from the text “Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe thats shows the first months of European colonization of Africa. Colonization is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components. This is what occurred when the Europeans invaded Africa and took control of the African people and implemented different government systems and religions. Overall colonization occurred because European powers wanted to gain more economic power which caused the people of Africa to be stripped of their freedom and forced to adopt a whole new way of living. Prior to European colonization, Africa consisted of many different cultures and ethnicities.
SENEGAL is a country in western Africa with an area of 196,722 km 2 with a population of around 15,410,000 inhabitants. (World Bank,2016). The rich history and diversity of the Senegalese people make its culture rich and varied. In the past, much Senegalese were limited to the A level. However, with the social evolution, the continuation of the studies after the A level became necessary.
Emotion is vital in education because it controls attention of learners which in turn drives learning and memory. However, it has been seen that emotion are rarely integrated comfortably into the core curriculum and classroom. It is important to take into consideration that with physical and cognitive development, every learner grows throughout phases of emotional development. This is why, John Dewey claim that “education of the whole child” is crucial. The holistic approach focuses on the importance of understanding and dealing with all social issues.
Undoubtedly, the effects of colonialism triggered major changes to the colony not only during the period of colonization but had lost lasting influence even after decolonization. History of Colonialism in the Nation (Kenya) Kenya is part of East Africa and was a British colony. Prior to the colonial time, Kenya was home to the cushites, Nilotes and Bantu people who had previously immigrated from other parts of the world. It has a well-situated coastline where the Arab traders frequented owing to convenient resupply stop area for ships going to the Far East and some of them settled there permanently. Even with that, the actual colonial time in Kenya dates back to the 1885 Berlin Conference.
Inclusive education is a positive force in shaping the consciousness of our future citizens to accept and value difference. Recognized as the third dimension of power in Lukes (2005) and Gaventa’s (1980) theoretical perspective, the shaping of consciousness secures compliance through the control of thoughts and desires (Fowler, 2012). The practices of inclusive education tackle issues of social justice, while encouraging a change in attitude towards those who may have been marginalized. Prevailing social issues such as these have particularly been associated with children and adolescence in schools over the last decade. Consequently, policymakers correct these social problems by providing information and corrective measures to resolve these ills through policies.
Therefore, it is imperative for educators to understand that gender inequality, due to portrayed stereotypes, can be detrimental to a child’s developing identity (National Union of Teachers, 2013). Thus, educators should be aware of the detrimental effects of gender stereotypes in resources used in the classroom, such as, toys, games, and books, to a child’s ability to form a true sense of identity. Unfortunately, from the beginning of a child’s life, they are persistently inundated by suggestion of society’s idea of the norms for their biologically assigned gender, through media, toys and early literature. Alas, for many children, such as interviewee A (Jessica), this biological gender does not match the gender they identify with due to a condition called gender dysphoria and/or identifying as
Aside from family peers are also a strong agent of socialization, especially in a system like this in which children are raised through accomplishment of natural growth, in which they are surrounded by other children in all their free time and often times children not in their age group. “Younger children witness the disputes of older children which are often resolved through cursing and abusive talk, if not aggression or out-right violence.,” (105) This socialization of children by their elders who are living by the “code of the streets,” creates a continuation of the code. Not every child that grows up learning this as a way of life will ultimately end up continuing to live by this code but enough do continue to live this way that this
These two factors require identifying exactly whom children play with or who they interact with in their daily lives and how these peer interactions affect their behaviour and development. Over time, these same gender interactions become stronger, strengthening gender segregation and the promotion of gender-typed behaviours and interests. This gender segregation cycle makes it less likely that males and females interact and learn from each other; hence, creating gender stereotypic beliefs, attitudes, and biases about and towards the other sex. According to Brown (1982), one-third of the two genders identified peer pressure as one of the hardest things they had to
Aside from building positive relationships with and for children, Connolly et al. (2002) highlights the importance of working in partnership with families and the wider community in order to cover a broader range of inclusion. There is a wealth of evidence to support the claim that children do better when there is close partnership between home and early years setting (. Teamwork between teachers and families can be fostered by sharing feedback on children’s behaviours and their learning preference. The principle of communication between home and school informs the planning process, as without this link an inclusive approach is hindered.
Lack of data on student performance: the ability and student development standards are generally measured according to the country and not really what you should measure or qualify. How can M-Learning help to improve learning and teaching? Mobile learning is completely changing the way we learn, and think; today people do not learn only from the lessons of the classes, now could learn anywhere, on a bus, in the car, recreation, can participate much more through forums or social networks. It could be improved through collaborative learning, which tells us that is when "2 or more people learn together" this could include projects, discussions, activities, forums. Also something I use it a lot as well as my coworkers and study are the means where we can share documents such as Google Drive, Dropbox, including Facebook with study