Multiple Sclerosis Case Studies

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Introduction Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system, causing damage to the nerve cells, which could cause permanent damage, leaving those who suffering from the disease with a myriad of lifelong issues. According to Mayo Clinic (2018), “Signs and symptoms of MS vary widely and depend on the amount of nerve damage and which nerves are affected.” The damage varies from patient to patient; with many of the symptoms include numbness and tingling of the extremities, mental health issues, such as depression, vision issues, speech impairment, balance issues, and chronic fatigue, as well as incontinence and bowel issues. In more advanced stages, cognitive function can change, such as memory impairment,…show more content…
1474). The extent of genetic disposition is still limited, but potential links are there and while it is not typical of most people with MS, in the case of JF, there have been eight different members within the family have do. In this family’s case, it comes from the paternal side of his family. His own twenty-eight year old daughter was recently diagnosed with MS, bringing this to four generations, much as described in the study. The study focused on the linage of one family where there was an indication of fifteen family members with documented with the…show more content…
Through MRI imaging, he has not developed any further lesions but he did develop a condition called pseudobulbar affect, a disorder characterized by an uncontrollable pathological need to laugh or cry when it might be considered inappropriate. He tends to laugh at what seem like the most inappropriate situations, but are not connected to any specific event (Mayo Clinic, 2018). This disorder is found in people with neurological issues or head injuries, but is not very common. Over the last few years, his own symptoms have become more pronounced, and while many of his close friends and family are aware of the disorder, when people see him react inappropriately to a situation, it does not seem readily explainable about his otherwise inappropriate actions. As a result of this unusual behavior, he has retreated from socializing much because it makes him feel uncomfortable around stranger. Long-term

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