It allows one to understand hoe the society fits together and the consequences that might arise when the community is affected by social change. Secondly, sociology enables one to develop a sense of appreciation for the diversities that are found in a set of people. It also develops the knowledge of an individual on a range of issues including human behavior, the social organization as well as culture. 6. Introduce one classical sociological
Symbolic interactionism is a sociological perspective on self and society based on the ideas of George H. Mead (1934), Charles H. Cooley (1902) and W. I. Thomas (1931). Mead’s theory of the social self is based on the perspective that the self emerges from social interactions, such as observing and interacting with others, responding to others’ opinions about
Symbolic Interactionism Theory: The theory analysizes society by the descriptive meanings that people have given to objects, events and behaviors. The behavioral pattern of the people will be based on these descriptive meanings because people behave according to their descriptive believes rather than objective truth. (Blumer, 1969) The Meaning of Meaning Theory: This theory posits that understanding comes from within the people rather than from the words they just interpret. Any sign or words has its meaning based on individual differences and differences in situations and circumstances. (Ogden & Richards,
Thus, the importance of the society should be measured in light of the individual and the importance of the individual should be considered in light of the society. This view was called the sociological approach. Montesquieu was the first thinker to take into account the influence of social conditions on the legal
Sociology of knowledge is a field that analyzes how the knowledge and existence are related to each other. Mannheim’s main goal was to determine the link between thought and action (Ritzer, 1996). In other words the way one thinks is dependent on the society in which one grew up. Mannheim mainly dealt with the way “how one actually thinks” (Ritzer, 1996). He believed that an individual’s behaviour is
Interactionism argues that both society and individuals cannot be completely detached from each other because of two reasons. One is that both people and society are developed by social interaction. Secondly is that to understand their dynamics one needs to appreciate that they both rely on each other. Interactionism begets ethnomethodology, which raises questions on how interaction can bring about an impression of mutual social order despite not comprehending each other completely and having opposing perceptions. While Goffman was studying social interaction he postulated that there are seemingly irrelevant types of social interaction, which are majorly important and should not be snubbed in sociology.
THE NATURE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH The nature of social research is based on a sound understanding of the scientific method, the specific intricacies of the social domain, and the key interrelationship between data and theory. Social research can be defined as the systematic study of society, the partners in it and the processes that shape what people do. It is basically about investigating and seeking answers to the social questions asked about our social world. Social science research is research on, and with, real people in the real world, one of social research’s exciting elements. The science in social science is traditionally defined as being about observation, classification, interpretation and the way we conduct the research.
1 (a) Sociology is defined as the systematic study of the interaction between groups of humans or the scientific study of a community of people living together and their behaviour as a group (Perry and Perry, 2008). Sociology aims to interpret and understand the interaction of the individual with others or a person's behaviour as he or she interacts with the social environment. In this sense the individual and society are inseparable. The key concerns in Sociology include social groups (i.e. family, student unions) social relationships (i.e.
To these actions of social actors lies down specific beliefs that are a specific outlook how the social reality is and, more important, how it should look like. Through these belief and actions based on these beliefs the construct social reality. With other words, the social reality is constructed by the interaction between more social actors i.e. their beliefs, their actions and the consequence on each other. Actors or other parts of social reality are not puppets that are coordinated by some puppet master they as Garfinkel argued that social actors „… members are capable of rationally understanding and accounting for their own actions in society” (Hutchby and Wooffitt 2004: 30).
It tells that that sociologist look for common pattern in particular human’s behavior. In the perspective of sociology, education is social institution in the classes of which society provides its member with essential knowledge as well as basic facts, skills for job and cultural norms and values. Theoretical approaches as a fundamental image