Multiple Theories In Sociology

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CYW 129- Understanding Society In the following discourse multiple theories and perspectives within sociology will be outlined. How each perspective looks at society will be explored while providing explanations of theories within each perspective. The importance of social theory within community and youth work and how applies to practice will be explained using a case study. Before looking at social theory it is important to firstly look at sociology. Sociology is the study of people and their behaviours, values, and power within society. August Compte (1798-1857) was one of the founders of sociology. Compte believed that the development of society could be looked at via ‘rational theories’ or in a scientific manner. Social…show more content…
These are Macrosociology (Macro) and Microsociology (Micro). Macro sociology focus upon the social system while looking at society as a whole. It looks at how interactions within different types of social institutions, structures, economic system, and cultures impact upon the behaviour of individuals within society. Macro perspective can be divided into two focus areas, Conflict theory and Consensus theory which in turn allowed perspectives such as Functionalism and Marxism to explore how society changes and develops (Giddens and Sutton,…show more content…
He laid the groundwork for Symbolic interactionism which was further developed by Herbert Bloomer in 1969. Symbolic interactionism looks at the meaning individuals give to social actions and their behaviours within society. This small-scale perspective looks at the importance if interactions with others in society while explain how social order and change occurs. People roles within society are constructed via interaction. They do not simply learn the roles that society expects them to adhere to (Haralambos and Holborn, 2013). When interaction occurs the meaning, individuals give to situations can vary as the meaning within these interactions is determined by the individual’s experiences. In order to gain a shared understanding of these social interactions, symbols such as words and gestures are key to reaching a shared understanding. Though everyday interactions meanings can change within an individual’s life-world (Fulcher and Scott,
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