The article 'Mother Tongue ' by author Amy Tan is about the variations in the English language the author uses in her life. She describes her English when giving a speech to a other people, English she uses when speaking to her mother, and English she uses in her writing. She tells of difficulties faced by both her mother and herself from these many differences. Amy 's goal in this article is to show that a person does not have to speak proper English to be seen as smart or intelligent. Amy explains the many variations of English that she had been exposed to and still uses.
She thinks an English scholar or students would be easily being able to understand what Tan convey through her story. Tan also stated “fortunately, for reason I won’t get into today, I later decided I should envision a reader for the stories I would write. And the reader I decided upon was my mom”. 5. There are two different languages that I use in my life.
Popenoe’s writing revolves around white supremacy, which Marxists would argue benefits writers like Popenoe in the middle/upper (bourgeoisie) class. Psychologists are generally viewed as objective writers, which gives writers such as Popenoe power to say things like it is ‘certain’ that whites are superior to the “negro”, which can have social impacts in terms of altering how black people are viewed and treated. This can cause discrimination and segregation. Popenoe’s writing may have influenced society to believe exploitation and oppression of black people for cheap/free labour is acceptable. Nearing (1929) asserted ‘white employers took advantage of black employees to lower wages’.
Another example includes, when other people hear Amy’s mother speak, they struggle to understand. However, Amy points out, “But to me, my mother’s English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It’s my mother tongue” (Tan, 2014, p.317). Because Amy grew up grew up with her mother’s modified English, understanding it became second nature. Intimacy of language utilized by close family and friends makes sense to those belonging to the group, while outsiders remain disconnected To prevent confusion and language barriers, the method of delivering language depends on the situation and audience.
In the essay, “A Genealogy of Modern Racism”, the author Dr. Cornel West discusses racism in depth, while conveying why whites feel this sense of superiority. We learn through his discussion that whites have been forced to treat black harshly due to the knowledge that was given to them about the aesthetics of beauty and civility. This knowledge that was bestowed on the whites in the modern West, taught them that they were superior to all races tat did not emulate the norms of whites. According to Dr. West the very idea that blacks were even human beings is a concept that was a “relatively new discovery of the modern West”, and that equality of beauty, culture, and intellect in blacks remains problematic and controversial in intellectual circles
Conversely, the ex-coloured man reinvents his identity while following a set of societal expectations. He mentions that black people’s “efforts to elevate [themselves] socially are looked upon as a sort of absurd caricature of ‘white civilisation’” (Johnson 79). As a black man himself, the ex-coloured man experiences such discrimination that marginalises and hinders the integration of a black man into American society. He himself finds that the disassociation from his black identity removes the “label of inferiority pasted on [his] forehead” and allows him “every possible opportunity to make a white man’s success” (Johnson 90-91). When creating an identity to successfully assimilate into American society, the ex-coloured man chooses to construct one that comes with white privilege.
Her standards lead to a change in her actions because she wants to excel in her English classes. Although throughout this story Amy demonstrated interruptions, at the end she embraces her all her identities. She decided to write a book that included her mother’s English and her peer’s English. Amy says, “Apart from what any critic had to say about my writing, I knew I had succeeded where it counted when my mother finished reading my book and gave me her verdict “So easy to read”. Amy seems to have pride being able to include both identities at the same time.
.” “Black Americans remain the most despised among the community of human races, reinforced via media images. In response is Black self-hate acted out by the political conservatism of Black American Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas as icon. Black Conservatives insist that Blacks who fail, if they want, can succeed much as any other. Conversely, research substantiates that the self-hate pathology Black Americans who fail suffer precipitates a decrease in leukocyte telomere length (LTL). A decrease in LTL is a reduction in life span longevity.
Through this quote, Ellison exposes how history, the root of the issue in the novel, molds the eyes and minds of people so they see skin color as a derogatory difference, or race, and allow it to make people invisible. To be black, especially for the narrator, is to be amorphous; to not fall in the sight of society, for white men to view one only for the advantageous actions which he/she can perform for the white men. In the case of the narrator, he stumbles through the book serving as merely a mindless spokesperson for the Brotherhood, Mary seeing him through her hopeful eyes as a future community leader, and being a sexual fantasy for the women of Harlem (Bourassa
The main idea in the novel is the domination of blacks by the existing American standards of beauty – blue eyes, blonde hair and white skin. It deals honestly and sensitively with the damaging influence of white standards and values on the lives of black people. It demonstrates how the systems of oppression are spawned and sustained by the white supremacist and exploitative culture. The analysis of the novel brings out the implications of the imposition of white dominant culture on black sensibility. It portrays in poignant terms the tragic conditions of blacks in racist America.
By dividing her essay into three sections, Tan separates and clarifies her main points and ideas all while keeping the essay flowing and focused. Each section focuses mainly on a different subject, yet they all relate to each other in a way. The first section introduces the whole message of the essay and provides insight into the language interchanged between Tan and her mother. The second section touches on some struggles encountered by Tan and her mother resulting from use of English. The second section also touches on how the language that Tan grew up with effected her later on in life as a person and writer.
Malcolm X talks about how the government interfered during the civil rights movement in his speech “God’s Judgement of White America.” In it he explains how he thinks that America is coming to her judgment day and will soon collapse if she doesn’t make up for enslaving blacks. Even when blacks start to fight for equal rights, Malcolm X believes that the government is behind it all and controlling the leaders. He calls these leaders “Six puppets who have been trained by the whites in white institutions and then placed over our people as ‘spokesmen’ for our people” (3). The six people he is referring to are James Farmer, Martin Luther King Jr., John Lewis, Phillip Randolf, Ray Wilkins and Whitney Young all of whom were key members in the fight for equal rights. He believed that these people were not actually fighting for equal rights but merely repeating anything that the government told them to say.