Munda Culture Influence

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K. S. Singh states three major influences for shaping Munda culture: the Asur, the Hindu and the Christian. Singh declares that Asurs have been credited being with the progenitors of the spirits by both Mundas and Oraons. Here, instead of Munda Culture I would like to say it adivasi culture and I consider these three major affecting factors as; the adivasi (indigenous), the Hindu and the Christian. According to K S Singh, ‘the evidence of the cults of the Sun and the mother goddess in Tamar dates back to the early medieval age. Culturally, the plains of the Panchpargana were the gateway of Vaishnava influence to the Munda Land.’ He further states that ‘Vaishnavism left an indelible impression in the Mundas. Towards the close of the medieval period, like tribals elsewhere, they were influenced by the Hindu religious movements. Chaitanya on his way from Nilanchal to Mathura passed through Jharkhand and made converts amongst the aboriginal. The songs of the Ram and Krishna themes in Mundari, Sadani and Panchparganiya were introduced.’ The Kabirpanthis or the follower of the great medieval saint, Kabir also claimed converts in the Munda country, though not on so large a scale as amongst Oraons. The followers of this school do not believe in the caste system and enjoin good conduct. The Swansis, a lower caste people in Hindu system,…show more content…
With introduction of a more direct system of administration in 1834 by the Britishers, the adivasis of Chotanagpur came in contact with the British administration. The first Christian missionaries; the Gossner Evangelical Lutheran mission, the Anglican mission, the Roman Catholic mission, and other Christian missionaries arrived after 1844 in Chotanagpur region. Joseph Bara observes, ‘there was no ready-to-grab attitude among the mundas and the Oraons towards western education and the Christian missionaries till about

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