Municipal Solid Waste Management Case Study

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Abstract: Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is one of the major environmental problems of Indian cities. Improper management of municipal solid waste (MSW) causes hazards to inhabitants. Solid wastes constitute a growing problem and have gained increased political awareness over recent years. This paper is to present a case study on physical characteristics and moisture content of municipal solid of Allahabad city. Allahabad is among the largest cities of Uttar Pradesh in terms of population and area. The geographical area of Allahabad is about 70.5 sq km (under municipal corporation).Three sampling sites were selected in Allahabad city Naini, Phaphamau, Allapur. A random sampling was carried out in all the three sampling sites and a…show more content…
Improper disposal of solid wastes pollutes all the vital components of the living environment (i.e., air, land and water) at local and global levels. The problem is more acute in developing nations than in developed nations, as their economic growth as well as urbanization is rapid. The MSW generating sources in Allahabad are households, restaurants, street sweeping, Market and work shops, offices, Hospitals and Hotels. The inhabitants of the Allahabad city generate more than 500 ton of MSW daily. Municipal waste arises from Residential, Commercial, institutional and Industrial sources. It is composed of paper, plastic, glass, cloth, metals, organic wastes etc. Wastes are almost always produced whenever we convert a natural resource into a product, though its nature and quantity can vary. NEERI has provided extensive to municipal bodies to improve their MSWM system. Various studies reveal that about 90% of MSW is disposed of unscientifically in open dumps and landfills, creating problems to public health and the environment. In Allahabad city MSW produced from individual hose holds is taken to the collection point or just deposited on the adjacent roadside from where it is collected by the sweepers. This type of collection is called primary collection. AMC has provided 49 Depots for the temporary storage of MSW which…show more content…
20.40 19.80 20.20 20.30 18.45 16.85 22.20 20.32
Cloth 10.0 2.20 11.15 5.30 14.35 3.70 10.80 3.70 5.10 4.90 7.12
Miscellaneous 15.0 18.80 14.70 14.20 13.20 17.80 19.20 12.30 18.25 17.20 16.06 Moisture content of waste:
In Naini: as represented in table 4.1(1) and fig 4.1 (i) the maximum moisture content of non biodegradable waste was found in Naini is1.60% at 1st sample on 03 Feb 2011 and minimum is 0.47% at 10th sample on 04 may 2011. As represented in table 4.1(2) and fig 4.1(i) in Biodegradable waste of Naini the maximum moisture content was found as 55.72% at 1st sample on 03 Feb 2011 and minimum as 0.55% at 10th sample on 04 may 2011. The moisture content of municipal solid waste in Naini has been decreased with increase in temperature from Feb to May 2011

In Phaphamau: as represented in table 4.1(1) and fig 4.1 (i) the maximum moisture content of non biodegradable waste of Phaphamau from 1st to 10th sampling was found as 2.09% at 1st sample on 03 Feb 2011 and minimum was 0.32% at 10th sample on 04 may 2011. As represented in table and fig 4.1(2) in Biodegradable waste maximum moisture was found as 40.12% at 1st sample on 3 Feb 2011 and minimum was 0.42% at 10th sample on 04 may 2011. Representing that the moisture content decreases with increase in temperature from

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