Treat overuse injuries early to prevent chronic problems. Knee osteoarthritis is a common cause of knee pain. The risk increases with age. Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis involving degeneration of the cartilage [3,4]. By determining the medical history of a patient and comparing it to the patient's current symptoms a medical professional can determine the source of the knee pain.
When the tendon is overused chronically without given adequate time to heal, tendinosis known as Jumper’s Knee can occur in response to the damage. Conventionally, jumper’s knee can be noted as a patellofemoral pain syndrome. The teno-osseous junctions, where the attachments of the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon occur, are the impacted areas under this condition. The described patellar pain affects the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon inserted either into the tibial tuberosity or the patella (Curwin and Stanish, 1984). Thus, by definition, histologically, jumper’s knee
Aside from the bones and muscles, your musculoskeletal system also includes joints, tendons, cartilage, ligaments, and connective tissues. Any of these can sustain an injury either due to repetitive stress, or sudden physical damage from an outside
It is defined only by symptoms and the symptomatic triad rarely occurs simultaneously in one patient and due to overlapping stomatitis. Symptomatically, chronic pain conditions like traumatic/inflammatory/immune-mediated stomatitis or orofacial pain disorders present similar to BMS. Foremost it is essential to discriminate between primary and secondary BMS. Thus a thorough case history and a careful examination are the key to successful diagnosis. Systematic evaluation of masticatory system including clinical assessment of occlusion, dentition, temporomandibular joint status and masticatory muscles is essential to rule out possible joint disorders.
Shoulder subluxation is the partial dislocation of the glenohumeral joint in the shoulder (Kumar et al., 1623). The glenohumeral joint, also known as the shoulder joint, is the ball and socket joint that connects the humerus bone with the scapula (Peterson, 634). Since the shoulder joint gives up stability for mobility, shoulder subluxation can occur from trauma, surgery or chronic instability (Peterson, 634). The persistent problem of shoulder subluxation leads to physicals therapists choosing a specific treatment for this issue. Ultrasound therapy has been shown to be effective in treating patients with subluxation in their shoulder.
DEFINITION Paget disease is defined as a disease that involves destruction of abnormal bone. This disease occur when overactivity of osteoclastic and also followed by compensatory of osteoblastic activity that lead to a struture of the bone ( woven bone ). Usually affected skull, pelvis, femur, tibia, and lumbar spine ( http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/334607-overview ) ( http://photos1.blogger.com/blogger/6305/3126/320/paget.jpg ) DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Paget disease is classified as inflammatory disease and congenital disease. Inflammatory disease is
The three dimensions of pain assessment instruments are also subject to misinterpretation. Healthy patients have difficulty on a line or a numerical value to meet their pain as a point of conceptualization the intensity of the pain. Difficulties in interpretation are rare when verbal rating scale is used. In addition, the use of certain words cannot be understood by patients or little interest in the individual descriptions of pain (D'Arcy, 2011). There is unlikely to support the coherence between the reported pain levels, for example, a patient may report pain as a numerical rating scale (NRS) and request analgesia.
This provides a connect point for several of the hip muscles. A tight iliotibial band can cause hip and knee problems. A special type of ligament forms a unique structure inside the hip called the labrum. The labrum is completely attached to the edge of the acetabulum. Damage or injured labrum can cause pain and clicking in hip
Failure of fixation and non-union of bone fragments will depend on various factors such as the location of the fracture and the extent of damage to the soft tissues. Nerve and blood vessel (neurovascular) damage, trauma to other parts of the body, and compartment syndrome are also possible
It basically involves the identification of problems and needs of the people and relating these problems to the factors related with the person and his environment. Rehabilitation is not only restricted to the narrow boundaries of physical disease but also deals with the consequences of disability which can be psychological in nature .These consequences may affect the personal and social environment in which the disabled person has to function. It is different from most of the medicine as it cannot be carried out by medical practitioners alone but also requires the active partnership of a wide range of health professionals and social workers. Rehabilitation, thus includes not only the training of persons with disabilities but also provides intervention for adaptation in the environment, general systems of society and for the protection of human rights. Need for Rehabilitation Every disabled has the right to be rehabilitated, to be productive, useful and be a functional part of society.
Valuable diagnostic information can be obtained from the ability to view bone surfaces. For example, Blankstein observes that fractures can be seen as disruptions in the cortex. Many types of pathology can be identified as cortical irregularities including Hill-Sachs disease, osteolytic lesions, exostoses, and osteophytes. Bone tumors have been evaluated with ultrasound. Ultrasound is particularly advantageous in this case because blood flow to the tumor can be assessed in the same exam using Doppler settings.
Doctors use MRIs, x-rays, and different types of test (such as measuring the heel height or gait analysis) to discover which type of genu recurvatum the athlete has. The x-rays and MRIs are used to show information on the bone alignment and soft tissue in the knee and leg (Credi, 2014). Signs and symptoms of genu recurvatum include difficulty with endurance activities and pinching in the front of the knee (LaPrade, 2012). Although, when the athlete is standing statically, it can be easily spotted that their knees are hyperextended; a test can also be performed to see if the athlete has genu recurvatum. Measuring the athletes’ heel height is usually the best way to diagnose the patient with genu recurvatum (LaPrade, 2012).
Fractured wrists are a common injury. In many cases, the accident occurs when people try to prevent themselves from a basic slip and fall or a sports injury. In either situation, the impact on an outstretched hand can create a fracture in one of the numerous bones within the hand or wrist. If the impact is severe, a surgeon for fractured wrist is needed to help reset the bones and repair any damage. Find the best surgeon for fractured wrist by taking the time to research options.
The patient mostly comes with pain at the sacrum region and radiates to the extension sciatic nerve. More symptoms can occur as: pain aggravates with activity, abnormal gain (antalegic gate), numbness of the leg, and pain if rising from squatting. The Piriformis muscle spasm may appears as a palpable mass in the buttock area (Chaitow L, 1998). The Prifiormis syndrome can lead to some complications as the swelling and the DVT due to the entrapment of the nerves and blood vessels (Bustamante & Houlton, 2001). The ROM of the hip showed normal muscle joint integrity where there was no limited movement due to Piriformis spam.
Your health care provider will also do a physical exam. This may include: • X-rays to look for a bone spur or a bone fracture. • Draining fluid from the bursa to test it for infection. • Blood tests to rule out gout or rheumatoid arthritis. TREATMENT Treatment for elbow bursitis depends on the cause.