The most evident demonstration of such intention in Oedipus can be found in the words of the chorus: “The oracles concerning Laius / are old and dim and men regard them not. / Apollo is nowhere clear in honor; God’s service / perishes” (Sophocles 1030-1033). These words reveal the concern that if the prophecy about Oedipus had turned false (or if people thought it was false), it would have undermined Greeks’ respect and fear of gods and their prophets. This is why Oedipus had to become a victim of fate in the story. Other proofs of this motivation being important for the play can be found in various dismissing remarks about prophecies the protagonist and Jocasta make: “Ha!
Creon and Antigone represent the madness in the world when a certain aspect of life is taken to the extreme. Their thoughts were unchangeable and its only consequence was the destruction of their lives. In Sophocles’ Antigone, a classic Greek tragedy that draws a parallel between claims of state and familial loyalty; both the aspects are brought to life. Where Antigone singles out the private sphere of life, Creon puts weight upon the political sphere. Where Antigone was a devotee of divine law, Creon came across as a supporter of the human law.
Nietzsche believes that the fear to the surroundings leads to the birth of Olympian gods and tragedy in sensitive Greek culture. Tragic heroes and the music relieve the public from the sufferings because they undertake the sorrow and burdens that the public are not able to take. However, Nietzsche accuses the scientism of ending the tragedy. The first mistake of
Such a chance for improvement only exists in a world of imperfection; therefore, the complexity of our minds is exactly what makes humanity strive for progress. “Poems of Our Climate,” by Wallace Stevens, conveys human nature’s tendency to bring triumph and ruin through the complexity of thought. It uses imagery and contrasting elements to emphasize the human fixation for imperfection and thought complexity. These concepts of Stevens’ poem can be applied to Oedipus in Oedipus the King by Sophocles, as he falls by establishing imperfection, and rises by reaching moral self-recognition through his curiosity to pursue the truth. “Poems of Our Climate” brings to life the natural human ability of thought intricacy and the desire for imperfection that spawns from it.
Plato ends The Republic on a surprising note. Having defined justice and established it as the greatest good, he banishes poets from his city. Poets, he claims, appeal to the basest part of the soul by imitating unjust inclinations. By encouraging us to indulge ignoble emotions in sympathy with the characters we hear about, poetry encourages us to indulge these emotions in life. Poetry, in sum, makes us unjust.
Ionesco put his focus on the tragedy of language. In fact he bothers the audience with the disintegration of language, which is one of his main targets of this play. All over The Bald Soprano can be analyzed as a parody where the author mocks about the universal bourgeoisie which, to reveal a dehumanized mankind which became spiritually seen empty. Therefore Ionesco used the language as an important implement to highlight this dehumanization. In concrete the language of the Smiths and Martins is indeed old fashioned and dry adding slogans and a lot of simple expressions.
Greek Tragedy The religious and philosophical outlook of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides the three major Greek tragic playwrights and the outlook of each are reflected in his plays. In Aeschylus playwrights, one of his playwrights happens to be one in which the whole trilogy survives called the Oresteia and he also wrote a play called The Persians. Aeschylus who wrote primarily of war, and how hubris and arrogance can lead to disastrous results like in the Persians, which he wrote from the personal experience he saw in Persians defeat and Athenians win. The plays not looking at anything mythical but more towards the present and what was happening at that point in time. For example, in the play The Persians it says, “You see insolence once opened into flower, produces fields ripe with calamity, and reaps a harvest- home of sorrow” (BBC Ancient Greece The Greatest Show on Earth).
"Hubris calls for nemesis, and in one form or another it 's going to get it, not as a punishment from outside but as the completion of a pattern already started," Mary Midgley, a British philosopher (Brainy Quotes). The cycle of hubris has been the same since the time of Homer and Thucydides. It starts with an important figure, either political or mythological, elevating themselves to the level of the Greek gods. Because of this excess pride, the gods then level this figure back to earth with tragedy more often than not. The literary works of that time can be used to show how hubris was a daily part of living in the Greek world.
Oedipus Rex and Othello-The Power of the Lie Aristotle defines a tragic hero to be a man with outstanding greatness, but cursed with a tragic flaw. Tragic heroes have typically been linked to tragedies and two excellent examples of tragic heroes are: Oedipus Rex and Othello. In Othello by William Shakespeare, Othello is driven to his end by his irrational actions, and fate. Sophocles also presents his work Oedipus Rex to tell the pitiful story of Oedipus who was condemned by gods to a terrible fate. In both dramas, William Shakespeare and Sophocles presented tragic heroes that were led to their downfalls by the power of fate, and the consequences of their freewill actions.
In Oedipus Rex, both themes of individual action and fate strongly play and overlap each other and ultimately help in determining the overall destruction and demise of the king, further analysis of the play shows that free will itself and the actions that Oedipus takes determines his own downfall due to flawed characteristic traits that if were happen to not exist would lead to a totally different end product and outcome. Oedipus possesses free will, and even though the Oracle predicted his fate, prophecy, and what he will do, his drive for knowledge and unveiling these prophecies merely helped it all become a reality. Throughout the play, it is evident that Oedipus is not only ignorant and temperamental, but he also goes through life with an impulsive nature and an indefatigable, remorseless, and persistent attitude to find out the truth. Oedipus’s flawed character aspects and traits undividedly contributed to his destruction despite the suggestions and warnings of many such as Creon, Jocasta, and the Oracle, that he let the pursuit go. The whole time he had the free will to discontinue the search but made the conscious decision not to.