Dementia's Disease: A Case Study

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Dementia is a set of neurodegenerative diseases high prevalence and high personal, family and social impact. During the course of the disease, patients become more dependent on daily life activities, which can result in institutionalisation (Gerrish, and Lacey, 2010). Parallel to cognitive impairment, dementia patients also develop behavioral and psychological symptoms known as neuropsychiatric symptoms.
The agitation has been identified as a stressor for the patient and caregiver, which often leads to physical limitations, use of drugs, institutionalisation, and decreased quality of life of the patient and caregiver burden. Although, there are multiple literatures on agitation in patients with dementia, the concept is not entirely clear and
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Before the end of the eighties, it was known that music could have beneficial effects in Dementia's disease, but was known for oral versions, letters to magazines, etc. Polit, and Beck, (2011) observed a significant development of research concerning various aspects related to the effect of music on Dementia's disease. The consequence of this was that there was a significant exponential growth in the investigation of the usefulness and significance of music therapy in Dementia's…show more content…
These benefits are explained by different literature reviews which have properly reviewed the use of these treatment methods. The advantages music and music therapy have been explained widely in the earlier studies (Garrard, 2013). Music therapy can improve sleep approaches decreasing the need for medication, enhance melatonin levels, decrease physiological arousal, motivate socialisation, encourage motor activity, increase reminiscence and memory recall and develop communication. These impacts have been encouraged by health care professionals and family caregivers who have seen that music can encourage a feeling of success, support in language, and reassure and calm both the patient and their carer. It has been explained as an exclusive element in the care of patients with Dementia (Cutcliffe, and Ward, 2007). Important concentration has been provided to rationales for the clear performance of music, from both a theoretical and physiological

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