According to Nero (n.d) Rhythm and blues is a term used to describe the blues-influenced form of music predominantly performed by African Americans since late 1930’s. Jerry Wexler was the first person to introduce the term Rhythm and Blues in the billboard magazine (Sacks, 1993). However, according to Cohn(1993) the term ‘Race music’ was first used to describe this type of music and been changed into Rhythm and Blues after the world war because it was deemed to be offensive. R&B music can be said to be an evolution of blues music and only contrasted when R&B music tends to have more volume and intensity compared to blues music to suit the condition. This is done so by introducing new instruments such as electric guitar and bass (Cahoon, 2004).
Louis music scene, and in 1952 he formed the Sir John Trio with pianist and band leader Johnnie Johnson and drummer Eddie Hardy. The connection with Johnson would be a lasting one, and the influence of the pianist's boogie style would become evident in Berry's guitar playing. Berry had a knack for pleasing the crowd, and the band eventually changed its name to The Chuck Berry Trio. The band's repertoire included the blues, ballads, and a number of "black hillbilly" songs that jokingly parodied the country music popular to the city's white audiences. While the trio's hillbilly songs initially provoked laughter, they became popular dance tunes among the predominantly black club-goers.
James Henry Hammond is an excellent example of this type of inspiration and Drew Gilpin Faust tells his tale in her book James Henry Hammond and the Old South. Faust examines the life of Hammond and also explores the way of life of the Old South in many different ways in her book. Though Faust does not provide a broad study of the South, she does draw attention to many different features of its past from relations between master and slave to the describing life of a famous politician. All these features present themselves in the life of a man motivated by ambition to be the most important and powerful person in the Old South before the occurrence of the Civil
While Reconstruction after the Civil War seemed to have promise for former slaves, there were still many hardships. President Andrew Johnson’s leniency with the south during this decisive period allowed for there to be debate over what the fate of freed slaves should be. Some believed that continuing to work in the fields they were once slaves in was the best option for blacks because of their past as field workers, while others believed that there were more options for blacks than just farm work as seen in the schools built in the south for the black population by the Freedman’s Bureau. However, the question still remained as to what freedom for blacks truly meant. People’s opinions on what freedom for ex-slaves needed to be depended exclusively on their race and their socioeconomic status.
Hip Hop produced similar idols and ambassadors through the years and decades. Kendrick Lamar is one of the most influential MC in the United States. His lyrics containing strong statements about the situation of African-Americans in the present-day society where the black community still have to face issues of racism and police brutality. Kendrick is a similar character to Martin Luther King considering his commitment towards his community and culture, his voice has a strong influence on black people. Sometimes when social injustice and racial issues drench the society, music is one of the best way to demonstrate against these problems.
The precise origins of each jazz - blues are quite covered. This can be the result of economic condition of the musicians and the undeniable fact that few realized the importance of the music until it had evolved into its trend. Both jazz - blues, however, can trace their heritage to African-American spirituals and the work songs that were sung by slaves within the fields.
The Guardian states “In almost every area of society, black Americans remain disadvantaged.”. Even after sixty years since the Civil Rights Movement African Americans remain at a disadvantage. Black Lives Matter also pushes for those of color to take a stand and speak instead of not letting their voice go unheard. Colin Kaepernick is a good example of someone who spoke their mind even though there were bigger consequences on the line. In the 1968 Olympic games, two African American sprinter named John Carlos and Tommie Smith raised a fist while the National Anthem played to show unity and show the importance of equality.
Martin demonstrates how he is against segregation, by saying how one hundred years after Lincoln freed the slaves the colored are still not completely free. In the text it states, “But one hundred years later, the Negro is still not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself in exile in his own land.
Like a scar that healed over to protect from pain, so it was with black “history” in the US from Reconstruction Years until the Civil Rights Era, where African-American “history” and pain slowly encapsulated a wound that was never dealt with. Zadie Smith wittily stated in her modern classic, White Teeth, “Every moment happens twice: inside and outside, and they are two different histories” (Smith 299). This is true for the African-American who for centuries had his/her history stifled by white society that failed to give nondiscriminatory accounts because of racism, misconstructions, or indifference. Furthermore, African-Americans, having the trauma inside their consciousness (forever scared), give inaccurate portrayals of their own narrative as well as have insignificant historical discourses. Whether it be from fear of racism, literary system misplacement, depravity, suppression, or feeling defeated, the pain is not articulated.
Langston Hughes Langston Hughes experienced everything an African American in the early 1900s could and then some. I would call his life unique. Hughes experienced the realities of not having a dollar in his pocket, and the advantages of the high life with money not being an issue. He saw both sides of American life but what made him famous was a product of the lower points in his life and the experiences given to him by a racist society. Hughes was raised in Kansas, a state that was not very friendly to black people, but then again what state truly was.
BB King is the last of the great bluesmen – the sole survivor of a tradition that goes back to the Mississippi Delta and the early 1920s. BB king started playing the blues at the time when some of the most important people in blues history were playing, such as Muddy Waters and Jared Lee Hooker. BB King, like many blues artists had direct links to slavery in his family, "My father was born on the plantation, I was born on the plantation. I wanted more for my children. This, the guitar,was my way out."
He made his appearance around eight-thirty that night and finished close to midnight. In the beginning of his career, Fowler was known as a Southern hard-rock singer and songwriter with a band by the name of ‘Dangerous Toys’ for eight years before he realized that hard-rock wasn’t the genre of music he was really passionate about. Soon after his change involving his career, he found that Texas country music was what he enjoyed to sing, write, and perform for others. Texas country can also be referred to as ‘Red Dirt’ country music and was originated in Texas and Oklahoma. The essential instrument is playing Texas country is mostly known as an acoustic guitar and artists tend to consider this type of music to have diverse and distinctive voices with traditionally a male dominate vocalist.
David employs a “highly intricate, harmonically advanced hybrid of acoustic bluegrass, folk, and jazz”, otherwise known as “Dawg Music” as noted in the concert (All Music). This style has served to revitalize the genre of bluegrass and add to its history while maintaining tradition but adding elements of folk and jazz to the genre as well. His attributions include 67 albums, five of which were Grammy-nominated, maintaining interest in the genre with these unique styles. Further, Grisman launched AcousticOasis.com in 2010, enabling the public to download acoustic music, furthering the longevity of bluegrass (Kang,
Washington was a dominant figure of the African-American community, then largely based in the South, from 1890 to his death in 1915. His Atlanta Address of 1895 received national attention. To many he was seen as a popular spokesman for African-American citizens. Representing the last generation of black leaders born into slavery, Washington was generally perceived as a supporter of education for freedmen and their descendants in the post-Reconstruction, Jim Crow-era South. Throughout the final twenty years of his life, he maintained his standing through a nationwide network of supporters including black educators, ministers, editors, and businessmen, especially those who supported his views on social and educational issues for blacks.
When someone thinks of a great African American hero, they usually think of someone such as Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, and to a lesser extent, Harriet Tubman. But many names, such as Robert Smalls, go unnoticed, even though they too, did something incredible that helped win freedom for themselves and others. Smalls is just one hero, and here is his story: On April 5, 1839, Robert Smalls was born into slavery on a Beaufort plantation. Since his father was likely his master, he was treated well as a house slave. But his mother, Lydia, never forgot her past hardships of working all day in the fields.