As a result for that, they built the first Mosque (Cherman Juma Masjid) in India that was built in 629 During Prophet Mohammad’s life PBUH. The history recorded many military attempts from the Muslims to occupy India. But the founding of the Mughal state was the most
This period is also called the Islamic Golden Age. The Muslims were later ruled by caliphs after the death of Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ). The caliphs were very influential as they had great spiritual and political authority. Islam spread quickly in the Middle East and beyond. Through the introduction of common tax system, laws and coinage, Islam was able to unite the new conquered lands.
The office of Chief Justice came into being at this time. The Chief Justice became responsible for appointing and removing judges. The first person to be appointed to this post was the justice Abu Yusuf, the student of the great jurist Abu Hanifah (may Allah have mercy on them both). Thereafter, this office became widespread throughout the Muslim lands. It continued to exist up to the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
Moreover, other religions beside Islam were widespread in Kazakh steeps. Nevertheless, the freedom in religion is declared in Kazakhstan and the influence of the Soviet Union definitely affected the strictness of Islamic laws. During the Soviet period, as a result of the policy of state atheism, the religious situation is characterized by a weakened position of Islam. There were some consequences after repressive actions such as destruction of many mosques and closing of holy places. In contemporary Kazakhstan, Islam is an important factor in shaping cultural self-identification and spiritual identity (Edelbay 2012).
But the Abbasid’s were no longer controlled by the Buwayhid Shi’tes but had the backing of the Sunni Seljuks who respected their authority. Nevertheless, the Caliphate was now only held power religio-spiritual sphere, without any real political influence. The Seljuk Sultans were a force to be reckoned with in the eastern regions of the Islamic World. Hence Al-Ghazali, realizing their political dominance, declared sultanate or the sovereign power of the sultan or king as the protector and defender of the Caliphate, an institution which he considered essential for the unity of the
INTRODUCTION The Ajuran Sultanate or Ajuran Empire was known as a Somali Muslim empire that ruled over the large parts of the Northeast Africa consists of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia and dominated the regional trade during the 5th to the 15th century during the era of Medieval Ages. Ajuran Sultanate was very well-known during 13th century until the late 17th century because of their strong centralized administration and has an aggressive military towards invaders. This empire also left an extensive architectural legacy, including castles, fortress building and pillar tombs fields attributed to the Ajuran engineers. Because of the theocratic nature of the Ajuran government, many peoples come from many regions in East Africa had
He involved for more than a half century in the formation of new Saudi Arabia and, as king, was known for his traditionalist Islamic approaches and his strong counter communism . This was King Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz AL Saud God's mercy ( 1,2 ). King Faisal was born in the capital city of Saudi Arabia Riyadh in 1906 . He
In the ‘Journal des débats’ Al-Afghani summarized Renan’s speech in two main points: Islam is opposed to the development of science and Arabs by nature do not love metaphysical sciences or philosophy. In response to Renan’s criticism of Islam, Al-Afghani argued that Islam was in harmony with scientific reason. He referred to the ‘Golden Age’ when rational sciences had flourished within Islam in order to rebuke Renan’s criticism of the religion being incompatible with sciences. Renan, who argued that Arabs were hostile to science was criticized by Al-Afghani as racially
However, his political instincts guided him not to press overly hard for a separate state where the majority happened to be Muslims, but others such as Hindus, Christians, Buddhists and people with no faith at all, were to be equal citizens according to a secular constitution. This unambiguous demand would have been much more difficult to sell to Indians resisting the division of the country and those Indian Muslims vehemently opposed to the idea of a secular state. As we know, Jinnah’s tactic of keeping his idea of Pakistan vague coupled with his early passing had far-reaching negative consequences for the new
The British considered The Muslims responsible for the rebellion against them but virtually all it was because of the Hindu’s conspiracies. The British imposed English on the people by replacing Persian completely. English replaced Persian in all the fields including education. Urdu was given lower status as it belonged to the common man. The Muslims did not like it first as they considered Urdu their identity.