The Islamic religion began in 610 AD. It is one of the first religions to believe in one god, also known as a monotheistic religion. The prophet Muhammad was called upon by god. The Angel Gabriel came to him bearing a message from Allah; the message read was, “There is one god Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet” (Section 1 The rise of Islam student notes). In Mecca, Muhammad 's town, this was not a popular idea because their religion persisted of multiple gods, also known as a polytheistic religion. Overtime he convinced his family, and many others to follow the monotheistic ways. After a long battle of teaching followers and others about monotheism it finally started to expand and all of Mecca followed this religion by 622 AD. Today in the
The early Islamic empire expanded by using different methods such as conquering lands, spreading their religion, treaties, or bribery. According to document B, “We [Abd al-Aziz’s forces] will not harass him [Theodmir], nor remove him from power.” The Muslims spread their religion and many people converted though the Muslims made treaties to keep peace between different lands. Muslims did have to conquer lands where people did not want to convert. According to document A, “The Muslims gathered together, and the Greek army marched against them… The battle they fought at al-Yarmuk was of the fiercest and bloodiest kind.” The Muslims fought very hard to get more land. The document also stated that women took part in the fight. This document could
The religion of Islam spread rapidly in the 7th century. Islam spread quickly because of the military. During this time, on numerous accounts there were military raids. Trade and conflict were also apparent between different empires, all of which resulted in the spreading of Islam.
There have been many Islamic achievements through time. Some of the most important Islamic achievements are having libraries, bookstores and schools. (Doc 2) Some others are art and calligraphy. (Doc. 6) Finally some more Islamic achievements are spreading throughout the world. (Doc. 9) These are some of the most achievements the Islams have had. Muslims supported the advancement of science. Rulers wanted to be treated by proper and qualified physicians. Time of prayer was determined by mathematicians and astronomers. (Doc. 1) Muslim scholars made advances in trigonometry, astronomy, and mapmaking. They did this by using scientific observations and the understanding of mathematics and optics. They used the astrolabe and the armillary sphere
There are roughly 1.8 million muslims in our world today. How did this happen? How is 24% of our world’s population based on Islam? In the year 610 CE, a young merchant trader went to pray and heard the words of Allah from the angel Gabriel. After some resistance, Muhammed decided to spread the words and the birth of Islam began. Muhammad told the word that their was only one god, who is Allah, and that charity was very important. When Muhammad passed away, his followers wrote his spoken words down, and this book of words was called the Quran. 100 years after Muhammad's death, Islam spread through Europe, North Africa, and Asia. How did submission to Islam spread so rapidly? Conquerage, the message, migration, and faithful followers spread
KAILI HONG PER.3 THE ISLAMIC EXPANSION The early Islamic empire expanded in a couple of ways. One of the ways was the war. I found this evidence in document A where it says that the Muslims to fight gathered together to fight the Greeks. The Greeks would tie each others foots to each other so none of them would escape during the war. So the men and women would fight violently. Another way the empire expands is in document B. In this document it talks about how they tried to make peace with the non-Muslims. So instead of fighting with each other they came to a peace treaty. Lastly in document C the empire technically paid people or bribed them to join their empire. So if anyone rebelled against the Islamic empire they would lose the
After Muslim conquests, the growth of cities flourished under Islam rule. Muslim rulers gained control of the pre-existing cities and founded new ones from Asia to Europe. Cities and urban areas in Muslim society were important because of the role it plays in religion, trade, and culture.
This is evident in The Legacy of Islam (Document 5) where it states, “Natural products, which by their name indicate they were imported from Islamic countries——fruits, like oranges, lemon, apricot; vegetables, like spinach, artichokes, and saffron…Finally our commercial vocabulary itself has preserved…proofs that there was a time when Islamic trade and trade customs exercised a deep influence on the commercial development of Christian countries—-such words as “traffic” [derived from the Arabic tafriq] which means distribution”(Kramers). Islam became the center of trade in the world, as people flocked to Islamic trading centers for products unique to Arabia. Due to this economic success, muslim people lived by a higher standard of living than most other civilizations at the time. While Timbuktu saw booming success and wealth, Europe was in the dark ages marked by frequent warfare and disappearance of urban life. This economic growth and wealth collapsed societies and motivated supporters of the faith. The economic growth throughout the golden age was magnificent, drawing people from around the world to this new, prosperous
After the classical period the Islamic civilization showed an advancement in a variety of different aspects of their culture. They adopted a lot of it from earlier civilizations but had had a massive contribution on their part. The effect of this is that the Muslim culture and intellectual ideas were very long lasting. The achievements of the Islamic empires contributed to the development of their Golden Age.
In the 600c.e the Middle East use to be ruled by controlling citr- states which controlled the city and surrounding areas. When Islam was introduced in 600c.e. Muhammad become
During the years 1000-1300 CE there were many regions throughout Afro-Eurasia that were experiencing internal conflict, however, some regions were beginning to flourish and become more dominant throughout the Afro-Eurasia continent. One of the regions that was experiencing turmoil was the Islamic empire. Beginning around the year 1000 CE, Islamic Empire was experiencing political fragmentation due to the enormous expansion of the empire. Although, the Islamic Empire was experiencing problems they still became very popular throughout the regions they inhabited. With the help of the Islamic religion many outside people became devout followers. As people began to convert over to Islam many people became convinced of the religion over others especially,
Wahhabism has become increasingly influential throughout the Middle East and the world. It has been integrated into the dynamic religious conflict in the Middle East and has become a very supported and influential religion. To understand what makes Wahhabism so popular, we have to go back to the roots of Wahhabism and the meaning behind it. Wahhabism was founded by Mohammed Ibn Abd al-Wahhab in the eighteenth century. “It stresses the absolute sovereignty of God.” (1) Wahhabism is an Islamic doctrine and religious movement that seeks to restore “pure” monotheistic views from followers. Wahhabism is an idea to restore traditional Islamic ideals and reject modernity. Wahhabists believe that their religion is the only true religion that God had
Throughout the Muslim Golden Age, which flourished from the 9th – 12th centuries, many brilliant Muslims made spectacular contributions that still greatly impact society today. Islamic achievements and contributions have helped other cultures adopt new ideas and make great advancements in an immense variety of fields. These fields include medicine, architecture, banking, art, literature, astronomy, and several others. These achievements have assisted in making daily life for the Muslims and even us today a great deal easier. Of all of these achievements, those involving the establishment of a banking system, the development of hospitals, and the development of herbal medicines and pharmacies are among the three that I feel are the most important and influential contributions to the world today.
The regions of the Middle East and China experienced many shortcomings and lost much in the areas of stability, security, and influence. The culture and society of Asia was moreover sewn together by the Mongols’ conquest and with this new empire and the nations which were under its reign were subject its many failing and critical flaws (Abu-Lughod 207). While much infamy and fear surrounded this vast Asian empire, its rule for time it had existed provided stability and set up routes towards other regions of the world, enabling the flow of international commerce. The lasting societal effects of the Mongol empire however, meant as the reign of the Mongol empire waned and dwindled, Asia in its entirety had become isolated and cut off from the much needed commerce and capital it needed to remain as capable competitor in international markets. The society of China suffered especially, having relied on the Mongol empire’s stability as its position as practically a protectorate, this massive nation’s position, influence, and wealth plummeted (Abu-Lughod 211). The stability of the society of the Middle East was affected by several aspects which made trade and commerce less viable, where Islam allowed much in the way of progress in the thirteenth and fourteenth