Fascist philosopher/thinker Giovanni Gentile shadow wrote Italian dictator Benito Mussolini’s statement defining “corporazione”, “Fascism should more properly be called corporatism, since it is the merger of state and corporate power.”* Accordingly, US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s (FDR) institution of the New Deal programs actually conceived life from General Hugh Johnson admiration of Mussolini 's National Corporatist system. Johnson, an administrator of the military mobilization program for the U.S. under Woodrow Wilson during World War I developed a sympathy with Mussolini’s deurbanization programs. Later, Johnson working for FDR delivered numerous speeches and facilitated plans for the New Deal. According to Barry Karl 's
Germany was ruled by the Nazi party from 1939 until the end of world war 2 in 1945.Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of the National Socialist Workers ' Party and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. Hitler had imposed many new laws and policies, which could be treated as beneficial or disadvantageous, depending the group you belonged to (men, women, children, farmers, ect.)
Benito Mussolini, a former social Journalist, who was the leader that seized power and coined the term of Fascism. His ideas were fascist that aligns more with the authoritarian of modernity, believing that everything an individual does needs to be for the State over all other motives. Fascism combines mass movement with the aggression of authoritarian nationalism, antisocialist, and anti-liberal values. Mussolini’s fascism represented a counterrevolution following the Russian Revolution of 1917.
The Soviet Union’s fundamental ideas that it was founded upon is to create a country powerful and strong in the military and also in the category of economy. In order for the Soviet Union to flourish in the industry, Stalin established a law that would limit the worker’s freedom and control their every aspect of the worker’s lives. In other words Stalin and his government took control of the economy. Stalin then came up with the idea of Five Year Plan in the 1928 which allowed rapid growth in the industry and the military defense. In ten years, Soviet Union had become a major industrial power. Before Stalin there was Lenin whose fundamental idea was to create peace in the
Another fascist leader was Benito Mussolini of Italy, who held power of his country ten years before Hitler became supreme leader. Prior to World War I, when Italy was part of the Axis Powers, Mussolini has been a socialist, but after his discharge, Mussolini became a militant nationalist and began to advocate for strong central government in Italy(about muss). When the peace treaties of World War I was signed, Italy was only given a portion of its promised land from the Austria-Hungary Empire, and no colonial territory. Even the strategic port of Fiume was given to Yugoslavia instead of Italy; In response, nationalistic former soldiers displayed resentment by occupying the port of Fiume. On March 23, 1919, “Mussolini personally assembled nationalist
The major aspects affecting women under Mussolini’s reign in fascist Italy were the massive push for pro-natalist movements, Mussolini dreamed of a vast nation of fascist Italian soldiers having children with fascist Italian mothers that then gave birth to squads of fascist Italian children. He attempted this by introducing new laws and policies that limited the education on modern contraceptives, making abortions illegal, and giving incentives to women who could meet a “quota” on children birthed, some “quotas” being as high as seven or more depending on the job that the husband possessed. Although Mussolini’s attempt at growing a nation of massively multiplying Italian fascists failed, the ramifications on Italy as a whole can still be seen today. Women’s role in Mussolini’s Italy was nothing more than baby factories and mothers, he did not want them to aspire to be anything more or be anything more and the laws and policies he established portray this idea very clearly. These policies overflowed into the media and were easily visible, although not at the time, in the films that the culture was producing at the time.
Fascism is defined as a political system, in which the state has all the power. Therefore, all citizens must work for the country and the government. Fascist systems are typically headed by dictators, or a similar type of fascist leader. Examples of fascist leaders can be found throughout history, from Benito Mussolini, to Adolf Hitler, or one of the countless others. These individuals usually stem form political or military backgrounds, as they eventually led up to be the head of state within their empires/movements. Fascist leaders have a strong sense of nationalism for their country to where it may be considered ultra-nationalism, they wish only the very best for their nation, which usually entitles giving more industrialized work to the
In an examination of the minds of fascist leaders, world renowned psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich stated, “Fascist mentality is the mentality of the subjugated "little man" who craves authority and rebels against it at the same time” (Reich, 7). This statement embodies the meaning of fascism as it explains the minds of those who lead such political systems. These leaders recognize fascism as an alternative system to the dominant ideology,for example the ideals of democracy, and seek to go against the powers of significant authority and their ideals through gaining significant authority for only themselves. This can be seen when Hitler sought to go against the supposedly “inferior” within Germany, through the Treaty of Versaille. He expressed an unquantifiable amount of superiority to members of other races or religions other than Christianity, in particular the Jewish population (Reich, 142). Reich also discussed how these leaders psychologically induce the masses into full heartedly believing and even supporting some of the most radical ideals. Hitler 's method of doing this was to essentially avoid disagreements and ensure that the citizens of Germany remain focused on their end goal (Reich, 26). Strategically enough, Hitler would employ different strategies with certain classes and promise each
Although many people opposed Adolf Hitler when he attempted to rise to power in Germany, he had just enough supporters to begin his great conquest of an unattainable goal- to create a practically perfect society made up only of Aryans. Through this hideously fascist transformation of Germany, along with that of Italy and Japan, we are left to wonder, why fascism? As humans, we tend to look into more extreme solutions as our problems worsen. Whether it be poverty, sadness, or death, we fear pain and discomfort. When faced with these hardships, we become increasingly desperate for relief. This human construct can be applied to the appeal of fascism. In times of desperate need, fascism seems like a good option to many people due to its call for
John Locke and John Stuart Mill’s dilemma in swimming to the islands of Fatherland and Bourgeoisville demand them to consider several key elements of each civilization. The island of Fatherland reflects a Fascist regime and is led by a dictator. Bourgeoisville is an industrial capitalist society, where there is a revolution brewing in the working class. Despite their different views on equality and the role of government, Locke and Mill both will swim to Bourgeoisville. This decision would stem from their ideological parallels, specifically the importance of property, as well as the potential for revolution.
Fascism is a type of government that is lead by a dictator having complete power over a nation. It is an extremely right winged system of government, that thinks of its nation as a whole rather than taking into account all of its individuals. In fascism, all the citizens of a nation work to better their nation. Fascism arose in the 20th century, shortly after World War 1. Before fascism Italy had a constitutional government, however many citizens were troubled by the poorly ruled government. The government was ruled under corrupt politicians, who controlled elections and bribed voters. These politicians merely cared about gaining wealth and money. The government in Italy was so corrupt that people sought to any other alternative. Benito Mussolini
Italy was facing many problems between 1918 and 1930. Ever since WWI finished, Italy has been going through post-war depression. Socialist wanted to take over Italy which caused millions of Italians to go hysterical. After winning the war against Germany, Italy was promised to get land, but they didn’t get it, so they felt cheated on and angry. All of these things caused mass poverty in Italy. The poverty destructed Italy which gave a chance for fascists like Mussolini to rise to power.
Fascism was one of the three totalitarian regimes of the 20th century along with Nazism and Communism. In Italy, the political raise of fascism started in 1919 when Benito Mussolini, a former journalist of the magazine L’Avanti, founded the movement of the Fasci Italiani di Combattimento, which was “a curious blend of rabid nationalism and revolutionary syndicalism” (Kitchen 135). In 1921, Mussolini abandoned the socialist elements of the 1919 program to form a conservative and nationalist political party, the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista). Even though the party attracted always more people, mainly in rural areas and among the bourgeoisies, Mussolini did not gain power democratically gaining the majority of votes in national
This investigation examines to what extent the economic failures of the Weimar republic led to the rise of fascism in Germany, especially in regards to the importance of the hyperinflation of 1923 and the Dawes plan in conjunction with the Great Depression. Beginning with the end of World War I and the Treaty of Versailles, which set the foundation for the economic failure of the Weimar Republic, it will demonstrate the impact of other nations on Germany’s economy. However, it will also address internal factors which caused continuous inflation and only postponed the inevitable failure of the economy.