Mutis's Argument For Supporting The Copernican System

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Mutis divided his lecture into two sections. In the first one, he discussed the general aspects of his Copernicanism, openly declaring to be a Copernican, and relating the Copernican system to the Newtonian methodology in which mathematics provides the basis for the counter-intuitive assertions derived from the postulation of the motion of the earth. In the second section, on the other hand, he decisively developed the arguments for supporting the Copernican system, presenting as a thesis the motion of earth. Thereby, he discussed three physical arguments that recall Galileo’s arguments in his Dialogue in which he comments the motion of bodies in earthly atmosphere and advances a theory of tides that constitutes, for Galileo, the main evidence for the Copernican system. Thus, it is important to highlight that, in his lecture, Mutis moved from superficially commenting some astronomical arguments in favor of the Copernican system –the motion of heavenly bodies, the lack of opposition of Venus and Mercury- to discuss, more deeply, the physical argument that Galileo had used to support it. In this sense, the different profundity of analysis that Mutis developed for treating both astronomical and physical arguments reveals us their respective importance in his mind and his level of…show more content…
It is presented in his third argument for supporting the Copernican system as a thesis, which is an extension of the consequences and experimental implications of the precedent argument. According to him, when any basin containing any kind of fluid is put in motion, the substance that it contains moves in the opposite direction. He exemplifies this by considering some experiments with glass basins that are completely filled with water and put in
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