Myasthenia Gravis as well as known by the name (MG) is autoimmune neuromuscular disease that caused weakness in the skeletal muscles, the muscle that are used for movement to do activity of daily living. Myasthenia Gravis are caused by the neuromuscular disorder. The neuromuscular disorder for Myasthenia Gravis occurs when communication between nerve cells and muscles becomes impaired. This neuromuscular disorder caused the important muscle to make the contraction movement from occurring, that caused muscle weakness, resulting rapid fatigue of any of the muscles under voluntary control. Symptoms include drooping of one or both eyelids, diplopia and difficulty swallowing, chewing and speaking. There were no cure for the disease …show more content…
The symptoms make the muscle weakness come and go. The symptoms usually reaching to their worst within a few year after the onset of the disease and the symptom tend to progress over time. Although myasthenia gravis can affect any of the muscles that you control voluntarily, certain muscle groups are more commonly affected than others.
The people who suffered Myasthenia Gravis may have variable symptoms depending on the involvement of diseases that affecting certain muscles or multiple muscle groups. The disease that affected certain eye muscle was described as ‘ocular myasthenia gravis’. The more generalized disease or described as ‘generalized myasthenia gravis’ is affecting the muscle at the eyes, face, jaw, throat region, arm, leg, and muscle that involve for respiratory process.
Myasthenia gravis may cause disorder that may vary. The disorder and symptom may be changing from time to time. The changed of the disorder may be shown by the degree of muscle weakness increasing from time to time. The example of this disorder is the people with this disorder have to rest more from doing simple activity such as walking. For example, the degree of muscle weakness may vary over hours, from day to day, or over weeks and months, tending to increase with repeated muscle use and to improve with rest. A short-term aggravation of symptoms may be triggered by a variety of factors, including infection, excessive …show more content…
The infant may develop temporary muscle weakness and associated findings (i.e., transient neonatal myasthenia gravis). The passage of anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies through the placenta to the unborn child during pregnancy may cause this condition to the infant. Some of the myasthenia gravis is inherited as an autosomal recessive, or more rarely, an autosomal dominant condition is described as congenital myasthenia gravis. The individual that inherits two copies of an abnormal gen for the same trait from each parent, the individual will have recessive genetic disorders. If the individual receives one normal gene and one gene for the disease, the person will be a carrier for the disease but usually will not show symptoms. The risk to pass the defective gene and have affected child from two carrier parents is 25% with each pregnancy while the chance for having a child who is a carrier like the parents is 50% with each pregnancy. The chance for a child to receive normal genes from both parents and be genetically normal for that particular trait is 25%. The risk is the same for males and
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Task 8.1b- disorders and dysfunctions of the musculoskeletal system Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is the most common arthritis. It is an incurable condition which affects your joints. The surface within the joints become joints become damaged which stops the joints moving smoothly.  The symptoms of this are: o Pain and stiffness o Swelling o Not being able to move the joint normally o A grating/grinding feeling
The disease Duchenne muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is the most common form of muscular dystrophy (1) in fact 3 out of every 10,000 births will result in a male born with this disorder (2). DMD is a recessive sex linked disorder that can only be passed down to the child if his mother is the carrier (2, 3). Symptoms for DMD are confinement to a wheel chair by the age of 11at the latest and are expected to die in their twenties to forties (2, 4). This is because DMD causes progressive muscle weakness and will reduce muscle tone throughout the body. Muscle weakness will usually begin its onset by the age of three (4).
The “myo” means muscle, and “trophic” means nourishment or food (“ALS”). So it means no nourishment/food for the muscles (“ALS”). In addition, this is a rare disease that affects someone 's ribs, nerves, arm muscle, leg muscle, and tongue, and only about ten percent of the people who have it live more than ten years (Chenes 23).
She yelled for help because it was hard for her to breathe. She noticed that the left side of her arm was weak and useless, which is sign of motor deterioration. Parkinson's disease is a type of condition that starts off very slowly, and later on, it progressively takes control of all body movements. Some early signs of Parkinson’s disease are depression, emotional changes, major headaches, and trouble sleeping at night, and inexplicable aches and pains (Levy, 30).
One can only get spinal muscular atrophy only if both of their parents had copies of a defective gene. Furthermore, if the
Rhabdomyolysis: an imbalance of toxins in blood due to the breakdown on skeletal muscle, could be just that. This disease can affect athletes of all ages and has devastating consequences. When, for instance a wrestler is hit hard on the mat and he injures a muscle, we normally wait for a bruise to arise and figure it will be gone quite soon. This impact on the muscle can actually lead to muscle damage or muscle death. The death of skeletal muscle tissue can leak poisonous intramuscular toxins such as myoglobin and creatine kinase (CK) into the blood stream and have you in the hospital within hours (Torres 2015).
Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease characterized by varying degrees of weakness of the skeletal muscles of the body. It occurs when communication between nerve cells and muscles becomes impaired. This impairment prevents crucial muscle contractions from occurring, resulting in muscle weakness. Normally when impulses travel down the nerve, the nerve endings release a neurotransmitter substance called acetylcholine. Acetylcholine travels from the neuromuscular junction and binds to acetylcholine receptors which are activated and generate a muscle contraction.
Fibromyalgia is a condition that affects five million Americans over the age of eighteen. It is a condition that affects women primarily, but men can also develop this disease. The disease is characterized by extreme fatigue, tenderness, and soreness throughout the whole body. Accompanying symptoms include depression and anxiety, which are the most crippling side effects of fibromyalgia. My mother developed fibromyalgia at the age of 37, which is a common age in which symptoms first appear.
The ache related to arthralgia can be a chronic, pulsating agony. It may be accompanied by way of a stiffness in the affected joint as good as redness and fever. Other signs may just incorporate fatigue or a general feeling of tiredness and sleeplessness. Typically arthralgia victims complain of melancholy and/or feelings of nervousness along with the joint suffering. Joint pain may come on all of the sudden or accumulate over a longer period of time.
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a disorder in which the body 's immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. The first symptoms of this disorder include varying degrees of weakness or tingling sensations in the legs. In many instances the symmetrical weakness and abnormal sensations spread to the arms and upper body. These symptoms can increase in intensity until certain muscles cannot be used at all and/or the person is almost totally paralyzed. In some severe cases the disorder is life threatening- potentially interfering with breathing and sometimes with blood pressure or heart rate.
The carpal tunnel functions as an entrance to the palm for many tendons and median nerve (1). The median nerve is one of the five branches that make up the brachial plexus. This nerve provides motor innervation to the flexor muscles of the forearm and hand as well as muscles responsible for movements of the thumb. It also provides sensory innervation to the volar aspects of the first three digits and half of the fourth digit, the palm, and the medial region of the forearm (2). Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common painful disorder of the wrist and hand.
3, 4, 6b, 8, 10 Clinical signs include muscle weakness and atrophy, exercise intolerance and a paddling gait. Dysphagia and regurgitation are frequently seen with degeneration of the esophageal and pharyngeal muscles. Creatine kinase levels are elevated and there are bizarre discharges on EMG.