Safe use of NPPV and regional anaesthesia combination for caesarean section have previously described with several case reports in patients with respiratory failure due to kyphoscoliosis, neuromuscular diseases, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia and non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (3-5). In our patient, acute pulmonary oedema developed presumably because of tachycardia caused by anxiety and pain caused by preterm labour in our patient with pre-existing multivalvular heart disease and limited cardiac reserve. Management of these patients is difficult, because guidelines and standards are lacking. Some authors have described the use of general anaesthesia with good maternal outcome, whereas others have reported increased pulmonary arterial pressure during laryngoscopy and
The loose blood clots can block the artery in the heart and become pulmonary embolism (PE). A pulmonary embolism is dangerous conditions that can lead to fatal because of blood supplies from the heart to the other parts of the body are failed. DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Deep vein thrombosis can be classified to three categories which is idiopathic, acute and chronic. Idiopathic deep vein thrombosis can characterized with usual condition acquired risk factors, such as obesity, trauma, cancer, or surgery. Acute deep vein thrombosis can be seen by pain and swelling.
At the same time, the antagonist drugs, ipratropium, attaches to cholinergic receptors and obstruct the attachment of acetylcholine and limit the airways which called bronchoconstriction. Both of these drugs help to breathing easier but in the different
The questions in the questionnaire are capable of illuminating sufficient information on the phenomenon under investigation. The area of focus is the effect of hypertension in chronic kidney disease patients. 1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY The possibleproblem during the course of this study includes the following; 1. Most respondents are ashamed to give information concerning this problem. 2.
Surgical Repair If the thoracic aortic aneurysm become larger or you are already causing symptoms, you will need a quick treatment to prevent a rupture from occurring. The weakened section of the vessel can be replaced with a stent graft of artificial material and surgically removed. If the aortic aneurysm is so close to the aortic valve (the one that regulates blood flow from the heart into the aorta), a valve should be replace if the physician recommended it during the
Though many people have no side effects or only minor ones, but some do have side effects. Morphine usually causes Gastrointestinal side effects, which is the feeling of sick (nausea), or vomiting, shallow breathing, dizziness, sleepiness, headache, or dry mouth (“Morphine for pain relief”; “Morphine Side Effects”). The higher doses may cause more chance to get a side effect. Heart problems, seizures, shallow breathing, muscle stiffness are the serious side effects that the user has to go to the hospital and tell the doctor if they get these side effects. It is possible to allergic to morphine.
Therapies sometimes include drugs that prevent the formation of blood clots that dissolve blood clots or dilate blood vessels. Chronic mesenteric ischemia To restore circulation and prevent acute mesenteric ischemia, you usually need surgery. The surgeon can bypass blocked arteries or dilating with angioplasty or placing a stent after angioplasty. Mesenteric venous thrombosis If the bowel does not have any injury, in all likelihood the patient will have to take anticoagulants for three, six months or so to prevent the formation of thrombi. If tests indicate that there is a bleeding disorder, the patient will stay forever in therapy with anticoagulants.
When you have this reaction, your face and throat swell up. If you don't get help fast, you could die. Traditionally ‘anaphylaxis’ is a term used to describe immunoglobulin E (IgE)--dependent events and ‘anaphylactoid reaction’ is used to describe IgE-independent reactions – although both these reactions are clinically indistinguishable. Symptoms and signs of anaphylaxis Swelling and irritation of the tongue or mouth Swelling of the sinuses Difficulty breathing Discharge Wheezing Cough Cramping, vomiting, or diarrhea Dizziness Hypotension Anxiety or confusion Strong, very rapid heartbeat ( palpitations ) Loss of consciousness Causes of anaphylaxis IgE-mediated Antibiotics o(eg, penicillins, cephalosporins, vancomycin, neomycin, amphotericin B) Foreign proteins o(eg, serum, insulins, asparaginase, chymopapain, venoms, penicillinase, blood, blood products, protamine, antithymocyte globulins, latex) Other medications o(eg, allergen extracts, methylprednisolone, local anesthetics, vaccines, thiopental) Foods o(eg, milk, eggs, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, corn, seeds, bananas) Immune complex–mediated Biologics o(eg, blood, blood products,
· Thrombosis and embolic: central nervous system or peripheral embolization. · Inflammatory: pericarditis. · Psychosocial complications (including depression). There are many factors that contribute to the patient’s long and short-term prognosis. Lifestyle modifications is the number one factor influencing the prognosis of a patient.
For example, overdoses of paracetamol can cause coma and death. In addition to their beneficial effects, most drugs have non-beneficial biological effects. Aspirin, which is commonly used to alleviate headaches, may also cause gastric irritation and bleeding. The non-beneficial effects of some drugs, such as cocaine and heroin, are so undesirable that the use of these drugs has to be strictly controlled by legislation. These