Myocardial Infarction Case Study

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Running head: NSTEMI 1
NSTEMI 5
Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction
Randie Rains
Columbia Basin College

Description of NSTEMI A non-ST elevated myocardial infarction, sometimes referred to as NSTEMI, is best described as a heart attack, damaging the innermost layer of the heart. A heart attack or myocardial infarction (MI) occurs when the blood flow to the heart muscle has been obstructed, limited or reduced due to plaque accumulation inside the coronary arteries. Plaque buildup may cause the coronary artery to rupture, resulting in a clot, clump or vasoconstriction. Due to vasoconstriction, clumping or clotting areas of the heart is not getting adequate blood & oxygen supply. Inadequate blood and oxygen to tissue leads
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· Thrombosis and embolic: central nervous system or peripheral embolization.
· Inflammatory: pericarditis.
· Psychosocial complications (including depression).
There are many factors that contribute to the patient’s long and short-term prognosis. Lifestyle modifications is the number one factor influencing the prognosis of a patient. If a patient follows the medication regimen prescribed, adheres to the recommended diet, quits smoking, and begins an exercise program their short and long term are good. When a patient does not adhere to the recommendations complications are likely to reoccur.
Summary and Conclusion
Summary
In summary, a NSTEMI is a life-threatening complication that is preventable. By properly educating patients on the risk factors, signs and symptoms, and when to seek medical attention the prevalence of myocardial infarctions would likely decrease. If healthcare professionals take the extra time to properly educate each and every patient about the benefits of proper health management, we could reduce the amount of heart attacks, as well as the promoting a generally healthier population, one person at a

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