Losing a lifetime of double vision With one small adjustment Of glasses A.K.Ramanujan asserts the sense of reality from the above stanza, he laments over the alienated state of Indian emigrants in their exile land. The above stanza clearly posits the Poet’s tussle between the two entities: eastern and western sensibilities. He baffles with two cultures in navigating the authenticity of his native culture. Ramanujan talks about his cultural hybridity in this poem that most emigrants face, immigrants’ culture was not only uprooted in the west but also have been stereotyped by the west. Jasbir Jain in her article Geographical Dislocation and the Poetics of Exile: Ashis Gupta and Michel Ondaatje writes: Writers who have moved away from one culture to another are caught between two cultures and are very often engaged either in a process of self -recovery through resort to history and memory or in a process of self-preservation through an act of transformation.
People commonly believe that European colonizers maintained their dominance over the colonized subjects by labeling the identities of the subjects as uncivilized and inferior compared to those of the imperial powers. This notion is legitimate to the extent that colonial discourses have their primary goal in stabilizing the power of the colonial authority. However, when Bhabha discusses colonial discourse of mimicry, he argues that the case of mimicry was different from what was expected, since it led to a reversal in power between the colonizer and the colonized. If people continue to neglect this distinctive outcome of mimicry and believe that all colonial strategies were successful in stabilizing the power structure, they will fail to recognize
In those who are themselves human, compassionate and thoughtful, Hyde raises some red flags. Even Jekyll fairly quickly recognizes the nature of Hyde: “Instantly the spirit of hell awoke in me [Jekyll] and raged… My devil [Hyde]… came out roaring” (Stevenson 84). However unlike Utterson and Enfield, Jekyll is taken by the “lust for evil.” Even a man as good as Jekyll can be swayed by the dark side. Judy Cornes suggests that when Hyde “brutally clubs” Carew “to death,” he is shown to be “pushing Jekyll down that slide into hell.” Jekyll cannot help being brought down with his counterpart. He and Hyde are one, two sides of the same coin.
Its age and authorship are uncertain. But there are good reasons to assume that it was compiled from various sources in north India over a long period from c. 2nd century B.C. to 2nd or even 3rd century AD. But it might have undergone a final editing by an unknown orthodox Brahmin. It is regarded as a conservative Brahmanic reaction against the rule of several foreign dynasties in northern India during these centuries and their patronage of cosmopolitan urban Buddhism.
One of the central areas that the novel The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy explores is the post colonial effects of the British reign over India, particularly the rapid spread of the western culture across the nation during the early and late 20th century. Throughout the novel, Roy utilizes the characterization of Chacko in order to develop the theme of anglophilia and to demonstrate the effects of rejecting one’s own culture. The author warns the reader that anglophilia leads to the loss of one’s identity, importance and confidence through Chacko’s development into an anglophile, which is shown through his actions and reaction, euphonics, and other characters’ reactions towards Chacko. Roy clearly illustrates to the reader a gradual change in Chacko from a confident individual to someone
Imperialism brought western culture and new ideas that helped the country flourish for years to come, though on the other hand, imperialism also brought an ever-standing battle for the Middle East’s oil. Consequently, the negative connotation connected with the western world, made simple day to day items become symbols of betrayal. Marjane sarcastically labeled neckties, a “dreaded symbol of the west” (75). Not only did Marjane know about the stereotypes, but she was later stopped by a couple of guardians of the revolution for wearing “punk” shoes, a jean jacket and a Michael Jackson
Katherine Boo’s Stereotypical Delineation of Contemporary India in Behind the Beautiful Forever: Life, Death and Hope in a Mumbai Under city Abstract The Western writing about India has always been a grotesque and is the common trend right from the day of Britain rule in India. This trend is still continuing in this 21st Century. Britain had lost its hold on Indian subcontinent in 1940’s and there persists the interest in viewing India through their colonial eyes. India’s embrace of globalization has reawakened their preexisting biases. Through their writings they distort real story of India so as to give emphasis to their superior status.
What is the need to transpose the real voice? Is it the only means to articulate the ambivalence of a multicultural existence? These are the obvious questions that the research paper attempts to help respond to. Indian English Literature rebounds within numerous voices trying to articulate the spirit of “Indianness”. In the beginning, even- though inside an experimental phase, the writers tended in order to always be realistic in tinges associated with pessimism surfacing in between.
This theme of language yet also acts as a restrainment for Indian families. The English language stands as the embodiment of the English identity, imposing upon Indian identity. Language is hence presented as a medium to assert one’s identity, but also as a controlling, manipulatory factor. For instance, Chacko’s increasingly short sentences - “We belong nowhere”, “To matter.” - demonstrate the fragmented speech of a non-native speaker. Language prevents Chacko from expressing himself clearly and fulfilling his self.
Caste-based politics is also crucial in India; caste-based prejudice and the unwillingness system continue to be major issues that are keenly debated. Many of Ahmadabad’s buildings were put on fire by Hindu and Muslim mobs during the 2002 Gujarat aggression which the novelist has portrays. There are people of our country who cannot come out of their social boundaries. For instance, in the Godhra incident of the novel Bittoo Mama is fixed in avenging the death of his own son and other Hindus. The name of Chetan Bhagat is highly admired in the territory of English literature.