This means that even during times of peace, NATO maintains a powerful joint military force to prevent war and if need be, bring a swift destruction to an aggressive nation or military group. Another mission of NATO is the protection of the North Atlantic region through large standing armies and navies. Recently, NATO’s missions have grown out of just the North Atlantic region, the Global War on Terror and other conflicts have expanded NATO’s domain but the original missions are still a top
It is an alliance between 28 member countries. This alliance is a political and military alliance. So NATO’s basic purpose is to maintain freedom and security of its participants concluded political and military issues. Why I am including NATO as part of Global Security? – Except the main purpose of NATO to safeguard the freedom of its fellows, which is famously defined by Article 5 of the Washington Treaty as: “an armed attack upon one…shall be considered an attack upon them all”, NATO intervenes in different places, where they think that is necessary.
America’s role should be to help out our allies if it is needed, other than that we should stay out of foreign affairs. President Woodrow Wilson presented a treaty that lead to the ceasing of World War 1, to America, who wanted to remain isolated. Henry Cabot Lodge was against his treaty, and the League of Nations due to tradition, and a lack of clarity. This lead to America not joining the League, and staying isolated from foreign
Security alliances have proven to be a crucial part of a country’s deterrence policy. NATO is perhaps the strongest example of a security alliance that practices deterrence. During the cold war, the Warsaw Pact was the counterpart of NATO on the Soviet side. Both had the same function and were effective in deterring the other side from acting on aggression by creating strength in numbers. The US has created a large network of extended deterrence over the past decades, but there is beginning to be a shift in its policy.
In its activities, NATO is guided by the Strategic Concept of the Alliance adopted by the heads of state and government at the North Atlantic Council session in Washington on April 23-24, 1999. The strategic concept defines the primary tasks of NATO as follows: - to serve as the basis of stability in the Euro-Atlantic
This was because they had quickly realized that the Soviets had separated themselves from them to spread communism. However, this all changed when both sides had to build a defense system around themselves by creating alliances. It was a way of proving that they were strong and if they were ever messed with they could easily destroy the other. On the United States side were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also known as NATO. This treaty was created on April 4, 1949 and declared that if any of its members states were in danger, then all of the other member states must contribute to protecting that country.
After WWII the European nations had many problems; they didn’t have any official peace treaties, and their suffering economies made them more susceptible to war. In order to prevent war and the spread of communism, they created the EU which united the European nations in a powerful democracy, which countries must have a stable democracy, a strong economy, and protection in order to join. Laws in the EU are created by a legislature made up of three groups of a leader of a small country and the leader of a big country each body has a president. However the laws aren’t enforced by military or police forces, but there is a Court of Justice that upholds the laws. Today there is a debate of whether or not the EU is worth it.
The conflict of war has continued to slowly deteriorate our economy because of the high demands of funding. Trade relations are one of the biggest problems we face when it comes to the American economy. There are so many different factors the presidency must take into account when negotiating or conducting these operations. Our nation’s leader, “must balance the conflicting interests of foreign countries, the interests of particular American industries, the overall needs of the American economy, and the demands of the legislative branch. (Janda 332) The issue is brought to attention a lot by protestors who want the government to give jobs to U.S. citizens rather than handing them off to foreign countries for a cheaper price.
Anna Lindh once said: “The United Nations remains our most important global actor. … [United Nations] upholds international peace and stability.” United Nations is an international alliance that was established after the conclusion of World War II and the signing of Treat of Versailles 1919, whose structure is similar to the one of the League of Nations. United Nations came into presence on October 24th, 1945, longing to foster international cooperation and to ensure long lasting peace. The formation of United Nations has enhanced the lifestyles of modern society: it serves as one of the most efficient organization, which generally deals with environmental, humanitarian, and security agendum. However, United States, at its own interest, violated
For example, the tensions created by the war resulted in many new alliances being formed around the world. In 1949, the United States joined eleven other countries in an alliance that would protect the members from a military attack by an outside force, called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO. NATO consisted of the United States, Great Britain, Belgium, Canada, France, Denmark, Portugal, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. (source number one) In addition to NATO, the Warsaw Pact was also created. The Warsaw Pact was an alliance made by the Soviet Union and some of its surrounding countries that was made in 1955 as a response to the new American alliances.