Biomedical engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles to biology and medicine. Any device that is used to improve human health, from a band-aid to a nanochip insertion, can be considered a biomedical device. The concept of BME has been an important aspect of medicine for thousands of years. In Ancient Egypt, mummies have been found with prosthetic toes and fingers for function, as a fake big toe can help with balance, and for aesthetics. Ancient Egyptians are also known for having a wide variety of complex surgical tools for removing organs and performing amputations.
One of the main areas of biomedical engineering includes robotic surgery, which involves research and design alongside producing artificial organs, researching nanotechnology, regenerative medicine and creating neuroimages. Biomedical engineering includes the understanding of biological systems and the ability to modify these systems with the use of electrical, chemical, optical and mechanical
Abstract: Nanomedicine is the medical application of nanotechnology. Nanomedicine ranges from the medical applications of nanomaterials, to nanoelectronic biosensors, and even possible future applications of molecular nanotechnology. Nanotechnology has provided the possibility of delivering drugs to specific cells using nanoparticles. This review mainly focuses on nanoproducts which already existed in ancient Ayurveda. Ayurveda is thousands of years old holistic system of Indian medicine.
Gene therapy is now considered a new therapeutic area of study in modern medicine. Genes are special segments of DNA that provide the information to the body to properly function. It involves the transfer of genetic information into the tissues and organs of patients. As a result, it can be used to eliminate diseased genes or restore their normal functions. Another application of gene therapy involves the inclusion of different function to the cells, in order to either fight cancer or other diseases.
Meanwhile, Wells group are also developing another technology, the high through-put Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR), applied to fragment screening. They are trying to use this technology to test the surface targets and allosteric sites of protein-protein interaction. According to these discoveries and rules they also began to design drugs that are able to bind these surface targets and allosteric sites. Since what we are doing is related to the biological chemistry, the tests of the cells and the characterization of proteins shown in his presentation are of high quality and the results from these results adequately support the conclusion he wants to make. For example, he used pan caspase inhibitor to determine whether the cell death process is related to caspases, which is similar to what we are doing.
The Medical biotechnology is an interested topic to be discussed as this area is very relate to human being where human can know what is inside their body why some disease may happen and how to solve it. Medical biotechnology that also known as red biotechnology is a technology that use of living cells materials to research and produce pharmaceutical that will help to treat and prevent human diseases. As in human genome Project continues to maps the locations of genes on human chromosomes, try to find out the solution to the cause, prevention and improvement the solution of the disease. As all known, the first ancient biotechnology is finding out by Alexander Fleming that discovery the first antibiotics in 1928. This area becomes growing from year to years and a lot of new discovery have been found in order to threat the human
The Bionic eye consist of camera to capture the image then it send to the processing unit which convert the digital signal into electrical pulses these pulses then delivered to the optic nerve using microelectrodes. Similarly, Bionic ear is used to restore the deafness in patients. Clinical engineering is one of the remarkable branch in the field of Biomedical Engineering. It primarily deals with the implementation of medical equipment in the hospital. Clinical engineering has a significant role in maintaining the healthcare setup in clinics and facilitates the patients in instant need.
Introduction: As part of the introduction to engineering module, this coursework was prepared on "Innovation in engineering". The report had to present a background to a problem in engineering that was interesting, the problem itself and an innovation that was invented to solve the problem. After doing a lot of research through the media, for example, the web, books and newspapers, a report concentrating on paediatric medical developments was drawn up. Background Innovation in engineering is substantially more than research and development. Innovation includes making or producing new exercises, items, techniques and services, understanding things from a finer perspective, improving existing strategies and capacities, spreading new exercises or thoughts and getting things that have been viably endeavoured somewhere else.
These provide additional details about the safety and efficacy profile of the new drug. There are extensive studies on different formulations of new drug, various amount of dosages, the duration of treatment if it interacts with other drugs and safety profile. Trials can be conducted in patients with new age groups, different races, and various other types of patients.An important aspect of this phase of trials is the detection of previously unknown or inadequately quantified adverse reactions and various related risk factors. Sometimes experimental versus observational nature of experiments are distinguished from each other by use of the term post-market surveillance for the later. References: 1.
Nanotechnology is the study of phenomena and the manipulation of materials at nanoscale. Nanotechnology is deals with the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, material science, and engineering. The nanotechnology is not a new technology, it is the re-engineering of materials by controlling their shape and size at the nanoscale (Mann1). The key in nanotechnology is the size of particles because at the nanoscale, the physical, chemical, and biological properties of materials are unique and dramatically improved from the properties of individual atoms and molecules or bulk matter (Balaguru & Chong2). These properties are improved due to increase in relative surface area and new quantum