Both Germany and Italy need an effective constitution to unify their nation politically that minimized the distinctions among all provinces comparing to stead of only geographic unification. (Doc 3) Nationalism stimulated people especially working class to seek for political rights, economic
When it comes to Napoleon there are two views you can have. He was a hero, a champion of the revolutionary ideals who almost united Europe under one flag. He was a demon, a villain who betrayed the revolution that he came into power through, and he dealt more damage to it than all of the ancien regime combined. Some major figures in European history have had the former opinion, Charles De Gaulle, while others have had the latter opinion, Ludwig van Beethoven. Personally, when I think about what happened before, during, and after the revolution, as well as the basic causes and the core of the revolution, I have to agree with the later opinion despite my deep and heartfelt admiration for both Napoleon and his accomplishments.
Critically examine the role of Cavour in the unification of Italy. Italy had, for some centuries, been regarded as the part of Europe least likely to be united, and seemed to merit Metternich’s observation that it was merely a ‘geographical expression’. Yet under-currents of national sentiment did exist, as did a willingness in all parts to rise against foreign rule or local oppression. The failure of the 1848 revolutions, however, proved that the expulsion of the foreigner and the reduction of the number of political units required consummate diplomatic and military skills as well. These were provided by Count Camillo di Cavour (1810–61) who succeeded where others had failed.
'We must strive to cultivate all which is most racial, ... most Gaelic, most Irish, because in spite of the small fusion of Saxon blood in the north-east corner, this island is and will remain Celtic to the core.' Douglas Hyde Anglicisation, the process of converting or adapting to British standards, is evident throughout Ireland since its colonisation in the 16th and 17th centuries. As a result of colonialism, the English language was forced upon Irish nationalists along with their culture, literature and sport. Any form of retaliation or dispute resulted in exile. The Anglicisation of Ireland was often viewed by nationalists as a period of self-examination.
The Revolution came from them- the middle class. The working classes were incapable of starting or controlling the Revolution. They were just beginning to learn to read.” Although the idea is true considering the low literacy among people in the 18th century, without the support of the working classes, the overthrow of the monarchy cannot be done. Lord Acton suggests that “…the suffering of the people was not greater than they had been before. The ideas of the philosophes were not directly responsible for the outbreak…[but] the spark that changed thought into action was supplied by the Declaration of American Independence.” As supporters of American Independence, Frenchmen are familiar with that “news”.
“The “return to order” planned by Mussolini and his officials was merely the initial step of a comprehensive program of domestic transformation that would allow the country to emerge as an international and colonial power” (Ghiat. 2001). Italy did not have a leader prior to him that possessed both military greatness and national pride. His military conquests in the mediterranean area in countries like Libya, Ethiopia and Albania started to bring military power and respect back to the Italian nation. The military war veterans of World War I were a major step for Mussolini he was able to give them the leader that could give them a fresh start because they felt like their country forgot about them after they came back from the war.
In Thomas Jefferson’s letter to Philip Mazzei, he describes the “Aristocratic Party”, he points out the shift of the people in power. He recounts how the ruling body is now mostly controlled by men who don’t support republican ideals, these are the federalist. They are shifting the away from what the war was trying to achieve and instead looking towards Britain. Only the legislative branch still holds the ideals of the revolution and the need for liberty. While the rest of the ruling party forgot what they were fighting for and many were enticed by the treacherous British.
After I turn 18 I will practice my right to vote and won’t view it as an inconvenience, but as a privilege to be involved in the government. To be an effective citizen in our democratic society having a job also something I should do. In the speech by Theodore Roosevelt he informs the audience, “the Roman Republic fell… when the sturdy Roman plebian, who lived by his own labor… had been changed into an idle creature… who was fed by the state… then the end of the republic was at hand.” In democratic society the state is only able to support the people when the people support the state. When I grow older I should have a job because for our government to properly function it requires payment through taxes. Without money the government can’t complete its tasks to protect me and instead it is burdened by my needs.
One of the most influential leaders of the 20th century once said "Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.” Obviously Winston Churchill was not wrong at all. When we consider the other forms of government such as: communism, monarchy, dictatorship, and compare them with democracy. Democracy will be definitely one of the best form of government. On the other hand some of the most powerful countries such as: China or Russia believe that authoritarian regimes or different forms of democracy are better for their economic growth. This leads me to the question:"Is democracy the only option for governing"?
Although promising, the French revolution did not end as was expected. It just turned into a massive bloodbath and struggle for power. These poignant events that have occurred during the revolution were used by Blake in his poem to give the readers a raw perspective of what they fail to see around them. He used the power of words to wake up the sleeping desire for a change in governance and fight against tyranny. Much like in Philippine history, many revolutions were to fight against the abusive rulers and the unjust exercise of authority.