This revolution presented great opportunity for Napoleon Bonaparte who in his teens was a young and very hungry military Lieutenant in a French artillery regiment. During the revolution France became a revolutionary republic and Napoleon Bonaparte had become affiliated with Maximilien Robespierre the revolutionary leader and during this time was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General, thou in 1794 Maximilien Robespierre fell from power and was put to death by guillotine. For his relations with the revolutionary leader Napoleon Bonaparte had been put on house arrest but in 1975 was promoted to Major General due to his help defeating or suppressing an insurrection against the revolutionary government. Napoleon Bonaparte took part in various battles and engagements with European nations during the 1790’s, one them defeating Austria and winning French territory in 1976 another was his successful campaign in Egypt in
Before Napoleon became emperor, France was in a post-revolutionary state after a series of civil wars. Napoleon Bonaparte’s accomplishments were achieved inside and outside of France. Napoleon’s political feats were achieved by having superior military leadership. Napoleons leadership of France ended up turning tables in many different areas from gaining economic stability to establishing an agreement with Pope Pius VII of the Roman Catholic Church. The greatest achievements that made the years 1801-1805 the height of Napoleons political career were the Concordat, the Napoleonic Code, and the reformation of French economy.
To some, Napoleon was a hero. He supported the revolution, and gave the people of France hope. He even crowned himself emperor. He fought for peace, and human rights, but yet, brought wars upon Europe. All he wanted was absolute power, and to ruin kings who enslaved people.
But revolutionary leaders don’t lead revolutions because they were selected by a divine being, they lead because their country is in dire need of change. We see this unrelenting ambition all throughout Napoleon’s life. Taking over European countries like collecting medals and basically crowning himself Emperor of France. “In 1804, Napoleon climbed the ultimate political rung by prevailing on Pope Pius VII to coronate him the Emperor of France”. Whatever he wanted he took without thinking twice.
France 's economic state would prove to be one of the most prominent causes of the revolution. Due to several wars throughout the 1700 's and little change to spending habits, France sank deeper into poverty. In an endeavor to remedy this economic crisis, Louis appointed Turgot as finance Minister. After trying to decrease the spending of the court and proposing to tax the nobility, he was dismissed. But his sentiments were echoed by a subsequent Finance Minister, Callone.
Basically, after coming to power it turned out that there is no trained workers including architects, scientists and engineers. That is why he decided to limit the influence of the Church on education and place schools under control of the state. Some historians say that there were two things Napoleon expected from this reform. Firstly, he wanted to trainee the middle-class boys to be leaders because he recognized the importance of education in his military. Secondly, Napoleon wanted to make the educational system absolutely uniform so that he could at any time visit a school and tell pupils about the situation.
This resulted in Napoleon’s men being defeated by a force that included Prussian, Swedish, Austrian, and Russian troops in the Battle of Nations. On April 6, 1814, Napoleon was forced to step down from the throne. He was then exiled to the island of Elba; shorter than a year later, Napoleon planned an escape and returned to Paris once again. Wanting desperately to regain his power, Napoleon began, what is known as, the Hundred Days Campaign. He created a new army and planned an attack.
Robespierre was one of the chief architects of the Reign of Terror, and supported the idea of a republic. Those who resisted the republic, usually those in the upper class, were charged with treason and executed immediately. The guillotine, or fast falling blade killed people immediately. The republic began to form around this time, turning France into a type of democracy.Nearly 10 years after the reign of terror began, Napoleon begins to reform France, bringing the French Revolution to an end. Napoleon’s military success greatly influenced his decision to crown himself as France’s emperor.
The second aim was that they wanted to change the monarchy into a republic or a democracy. Unfortunately they were not able to create a monarchy, but it ended with the dictatorship of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Glencoe World History textbook states, “ …The National Convention’s first major step on September 21 was to abolish the monarchy and establish a republic…” This shows how they were going on the right track and that this aim was about to be a success and if this aim would have succeeded then this revolution could have been one of the most successful revolutions, but unfortunately the dictator Napoleon comes in and takes control. History.com states, “After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d’état, Napoleon crowned himself emperor in 1804.”
As you can see, after Napoleon became First Consul, the number of Parisian newspapers was decreased by his order in January 1800 from seventy to thirteen and this process radically continued after his coronation. Naturally, at the beginning of his career, Napoleon focused mainly on French public opinion, but since his coronation and massive expansion of the French Empire in the first decade of the 19th century, the necessity to spread the positive image of the Emperor outside the French borderline was increased. Governments established on newly acquired territories (Duchy of Warsaw, Kingdom of Westphalia, Kingdom of Naples etc.) have been instructed to persuade local inhabitants of the positive effects of the French influence. Great example of this attempt to change public opinion towards the French is the administration in the Illyrian provinces between 1809 - 1813.