First, a recurring theme through Animal Farm was the leader’s need for greed. When Jones was running the camp he did not really care what happened to the animals. He only cared about what he could get from the animals. Napoleon was sort of the same but a little bit different.
Propaganda is usually some type of misleading information that is used to promote a certain political view or idea. One crucial part of the propaganda is when the pigs trained the sheep to bleat “Four legs good, two legs bad!” (34 Orwell) at moments when the animals were uneasy about the rules that the pigs were creating. For example, when Napoleon announced that they would begin to engage in trade with other farms
As the novel progressed, the violence escalated as the pigs become more and more corrupt and power-hungry. The turning point for violence was when Napoleon used the dogs to relinquish Snowball’s control. At this point, the conflict shifts from the animals versus Jones to Napoleon versus the animals. From this point on, the animals live blindly under the control of Napoleon and the pigs. Much like Mr. Jones used the whip to assert dominance and control over the animals, the pigs assume his role as the head of the farm.
Laying the blame of the destruction of first windmill on Snowball shows the manipulation of the government in order to prevent the other animals from doubting them. One other important symbol is the songs. Animal Farm includes many songs, poems and slogans all used as propaganda. In the very beginning Old Major teaches the animals “Beasts of England”. This song is taught and spread to start the revolution for all animals.
Whenever the other animals start to doubt Napoleon, Boxer reassures them that “If comrade Napoleon says it, it must be right” (Orwell 82). Boxer and the other animals on the farm get mistreated in many ways such as, Napoleon takes away their food rations while the pigs and dogs get a large amounts of food and better living conditions. If Boxer wasn't on the farm the book would be different in many ways because the animals would have probably turned against Napoleon by now. The animals wouldn't have anyone to look up to or have to encourage
Animal Farm 's laws were corrupt and only in favor of the pigs. Napolean was editing the laws just so the pigs could do what they want, and not technically break the law. The animals always wanted to say something about it, but they weren 't smart enough to put their thoughts together, or remember if the laws had always been that way. When the farm first started, everyone referred to each other as "Comrade". But Napolean thought he was to good for them, and he soon had the title "Leader Napolean", or "Savior of the Animals".
The animals agree that anyone who assisted Snowball deserved to be killed as traitors. Eventually, the animals realize that Napoleon was getting out of hand. Napoleon began to change the Commandments to make things easier in his life. “...he said, that the pigs, who were the brains of the farm, should have a quiet place to work in.” (66).
The pigs also began fighting for power. Snowball and Napoleon would constantly argue to the point of violence because they both wanted absolute power. All of this led to a lack of food and even more work on the animals. If the animals had tried harder to work together, stayed truthful with one another, and kept good intentions they could have possibly achieved their ideal
The animals have no idea what is going on in Animal Farm since squealer uses his charming words to confuse the animals. Napoleon, the boar, has many goals but the main one was to have complete and absolute power. The pigs act in specific situations to weaken equality and give up their freedom by giving fewer rations to the other animals and forcing them to work on Sundays. The other animals do not realize that the animals are losing their freedom and equality because they are not smart and do not understand the conflict. The pigs do influence the attitude and behaviors of other followers on animal farm.
He would be only happy to let you make your decisions for yourselves. But sometimes you might make the wrong decisions, comrades, and then where would we be?’” (18). Despite the fact that these are Squealer’s words, Napoleon is influencing and deforming what Squealer is saying. Napoleon and the other pigs believe the animals are so dumb they cannot make their own decisions and know to follow Napoleon , but they also know the animals may be just smart enough to figure out that what Napoleon is doing and how he is running Animal Farm might not be for the greater good, but for his own benefit.
In George Orwell's Animal Farm, Napoleon, a pig leader that represents Stalin from the Russian Revolution plays a big role in the book as the pig leaders are a superior group among the population of Animal Farm. In the story Napoleon is representing Stalin in Animal Farm as the main leader after Mr.Jones is ran out of the farm and Old Major died, resembling how Stalin took over rising to power in Russia. Napoleon started as a seemingly good leader but that soon changed… Napoleon, just like Stalin started to have problems with citizens of their own community and tried to hurt people and take things away. Both leaders can be shown using their superiority and power to their advantage to get everything they wanted and felt was necessary.
Revolutions will fail because they result only in a change of tyrants. Just as Orwell said in his great allegory, Animal Farm. Napoleon, who portrays Stalin, turns into Mr. Jones when he gained more power. He takes over Animal Farm, after Old Major dies. The animals rebel against the humans and he proclaims that he will make Animal Farm a place where every animal is equal, they get to keep all the food they make, and all animals live in harmony.
The novel The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood illustrates a dystopian society effectively by presenting all the negative aspects in it. In the Republic of Gilead, a totalitarian state, women have suffered greatly from the oppression from the government and this greatly differs from the idealized society. Comparatively, the film Animal Farm (1999), which is based on the novel of the same name by George Orwell, creates a similar representation of dystopian society while using rather different techniques. By depicting the unequal society with people of stratified classes and the difference between ideals and reality, both texts have constructed a representation of dystopia which criticizes and satirizes the political figures that are reflected from the texts.