Dimmesdale is Wack, Man When considering the term “narcissism,” one often conjures up the image of a conceited, self-absorbed person who excessively praises their own perfection. However, narcissism as a psychological disorder is much deeper. According to licensed mental health counselor Michael Samsel, narcissism is best described as “organizing one 's life around the goal of being superior.” And yet, “superiority is not just about learning to do one or more things well, it is about hiding any evidence of imperfection in other areas” (Samsel).
Campbell & Foster (2007) introduced the extended agency model. They have viewed narcissism as having three basic ingredients: a positive self, a relative lack of interest in warm and caring interpersonal relationships, and reliance upon self-regulatory strategies. The positive self is the perfect and inflated view of the narcissist. Lack of interest in warm relationships is related to the communal traits. Self-regulatory strategies are those used for regulating the self in order to make themselves look and feel positive, special, successful, and important.
(Grafeman et al. 92). Those who have narcissistic tendencies tend to appear as though they are warm, charismatic, or even charming, as part of their initial relationships, but lack the empathy to sustain any type of relationship past a given point. For people with higher levels of narcissism, there is a strong desire to maintain a positive concept of self, and will often engage in ego-boosting activities to prove their worth. According to Grafeman et al. , it is “this constant pursuit of proving one’s competency to the self and others that is thought to frequently contribute to relational problems” (92).
Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissistic Personality Disorder is when you think highly of yourself. Not saying having confidence is bad, it is more of I 'm the best and i 'm perfect and nothing is wrong with me. In George Orwell’s book “Animal Farm” the main character of the story has it, his name is Napoleon. Napoleon at first is there president but over time morphs into a dictator.
Both of Sigmund Freud and Fredrick Nietzsche argue that the Narcissism phenomenon is based on self-interest and remarkable care on the one's own personality while ignoring the others feelings, the person who is recognized with Narcissism is more often suffer from certain disorders, such as avoiding social interactions, irresponsibility toward different issues in addition to weird reactions and behaviors. Thus, we can relate the issue of victor as egoistic and isolated persona from the social life, Freud maintains" Neurosis is the result of a conflict between the ego and its id, whereas relation between the ego and its environment (outer world)". (Sigmund Freud, 1959, pp.250-251). Victor has inner self-conflicts between what happens in real-time and his own character which needs to be "chasing" after greatness and self-care, his choices toward the current events are main hints to his narcissistic thinking. Moreover that, Fredrick Nietzsche argues:" its care for the future promised in him which gives the well-constituted individual such an extraordinary right to egoism".
If an athlete becomes so great at what they do, they can become arrogant. Although the football players did not have Narcissistic personality disorder, they did have a need for attention and sense of self-importance and superior to others (Bernstein, 488). This can lead to thinking they are the exception, and that nothing will bring them down (getting caught or punished). In her book “Good Self, Bad self”, Judy Smith suggests that ambitious people who are in a predicament will show signs of narcissistic tendencies more than the average person (Smith, 145). Marion Jones and the football players were ambitious athletes, however their self-importance took over.
The exclusively human quality of narcissism programs us to believe that we are superior above all creatures; however, it is completely unwarranted as our transcendence exists only in our brain. We are no different than the savage beasts that lurk in the wild. Driven by raw instinct, our role in nature is the same as any other animal’s: fighting for the survival of our species. Even if it means murder. Even if it means renouncing our humanity.
(Then, if you're like me, you wake up a second time to realize you married into the same kind of toxicity, and you now must make a second escape. Or if you didn't get married as a "child" to escape the abuse you grew up in the way I did, you now recognize you have gone from one abusive relationship to another, with the same types of people. This is not a coincidence, but more on that in a later post.) The more adept the narcissist, the better they are at hiding their true nature from people they don't have to spend a lot of time with.
“The psychology literature on the phenomenon of narcissism links narcissism to other behaviors and attitudes, some of which are dysfunctional; these involve entitlement and academic entitlement, Machiavellianism and exploitation, and dishonesty, including academic dishonesty” (Menon & Sharland, 2011). Veronica’s character is one that everyone loves to hate but loves to watch because she does not back down to anyone. She makes it known to anyone that stands in her way that their actions to oppose her will not be
Humans spend most of their lives in search of their own purpose. They may seek to make money, gain power, or improve themselves. They may become lawyers, doctors, politicians, and soldiers. However every single one of these people will have wasted their life away if they don’t help others. Narcissism is what keeps people from achieving this higher purpose.