He later wrote a book that includes vivid descriptions of the distant lands. His book becomes a source of inspiration for many explorers. Mention must be made also of Ibn Battuta, a Moroccan traveler who traveled an approximately 75,000 miles before reaching his hometown again after a gap of long twenty-eight years. Although his journey was purely for traveling, he is regarded as a person who gained all knowledge about the geography of the world from his own personal experiences. According to Royal Geographical Society (2010), " From Moorish Spain and Timbuktu in the west to Samarkand in Central Asia, and India, Vietnam, and the Philippines in the east, the learned scholar even reached the Yuan-dynasty China"(p.68).
Fiction holds great value in the study of Colonial Nigeria, because not only is it accurate in portraying historical events, it provokes an emotional response in relation to these events and the vital truth of Colonial Nigeria. Through the way that The Headstrong Historian portrays the topic of assimilation and the creation of the “Nigerian middle-class”, we are shown the historical accuracy of The Headstrong Historian. The British assimilated many Nigerians through education. Because of the many benefits to be gained from a European education, by the late 19th century, more and more Nigerians were taking
Washington Irving, after the publication of “The Alhambra”, reworked it by including a series of short fictions and essays and titled it as “Spanish Sketch Book”. But the author again re-reworked this version and composed “Author’s Revised Edition” under title “Tales of the Alhambra”. The final version of this work includes verbal sketches, stories and essays. Washington Irving wrote the “Tales of the Alhambra” during his journey made in 1829 starting from Seville to Granada with his friend who was the representative of the Russian Embassy appointed to Spain [2, p. 6]. Staying at the Palace of the Alhambra, Irving was accompanied by the guide whose name was Mateo Ximenes.
David Malouf was born on the 20th of March 1934 in Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, Australia. One can draw interesting parallels between his birth details and the lives of his characters. In his novella, An Imaginary Life(1978), which is a fictionalized account of the Roman poet Ovid in exile, the protagonist declares, “I am the poet Ovid- born on the cusp between two houses of the zodiac, where the Fishes, tugging in their opposite directions, plunge below the horizon, and the Ram ascends; between two cycles of time, the millennium of the old gods, that shudders to its end, and a new era that will come to its crisis at some far point in the future” (11). What is noteworthy here is that records show Ovid’s birthday as 20th of March 44 B.C. Thus Malouf has selected a personality with whom he shares his birthday to invest his creativity around.
Then he undergoes problems and hardships during his voyages yet turns out to be a successful voyager. Finally he comes home with a new perceived knowledge to be a part of his familiar world. The general view considers travel narratives to be objective, scientific and true representative of history, society, geography and culture. Evidently, travel narratives are loaded with fictional elements. Fussell considers travel writing as a “creative meditation
However, the main colonizers in the world were Portugal, Spain, Netherlands and England. This paper will be mainly about the countries that streamed. Although, the Spanish and Portuguese firstly discovered the East by the help of Ferdinand Magellan via going westward, the later the Netherlands and Britain dominated the main strength there. In fact, the Dutch’s main purpose was to have an access to the lucrative spice trade at that time, which was under the controlling of Portugal. In this way, in the wake of having acquired the data on the sea routes to the East, Dutch maritime force was utilized to assault the Portuguese fortresses and posts on the source to some products such as the wellspring of nutmeg, mace and cloves.
Creative non-fiction has ever-growing popularity with a style that recounts a historical event through narrative. It captivates readers with a purpose to entertain the audience through prose as opposed to other forms of non-fiction. Sometimes creative non-fiction pieces enlighten readers about topics that they would otherwise avoid such as seen in numerous written works about slavery. Slavery is a controversial topic as it is associated with a darker part of American memory. However, some authors during their time wanted their audience to bear witness to the atrocity with tales based on true stories.
His Neighbours in a Thicket: Poems was followed by his first novel Johono in 1975. Often considered as one of his most autobiographical novels, it covers a landscape that maps wartime Australia and Europe. The story is told from the perspective of Dante who, after the death of his father, has returned to England. Though Dante is at the centre of this semi autobiographical novel, yet the text in many respects seems more concerned with Johono’s life. Though Johono is Dante’s friend, yet in many ways they are contrasts.
The very early form of Australian English was spoken by the children of the colonists born into the early colony in Sydney. Those children used a wide range of different dialects from all over England mainly the south east, particularly from London. Early Australian English was born in the 19th century and it was known from written sources, and historical records. Aborigines are considered as original Australians. Australia’s first inhabitants, the Aborigines, arrived from Southeast Asia 50,000 years earlier.