The word ‘focalization’ means the perspective or the point-of-view chosen by the writer or the author to tell the story. Genette (1972) identified the three POVs as following: internal focalization/first person POV, external focalization/third person POV, and zero focalization/omniscient narration. The first person POV, which is also commonly called the ‘focaliser’ or ‘reflector,’ provides readers and viewers with the perspective of the characters involved in the story. Thus, this viewpoint also presents the character’s feelings and thoughts to the audience. In contrast, the third POV presents the viewpoint from outside of the story or from a person/narrator who is not involved in the story.
“Half-a-crown is probably not so much that the narrator imagines the fellow as a beggar as it is that his own character but in a different context” (Napierkowski and Ruby 1). To illustrate narrator’s disgust for the pointless war, he compares himself to the soldier and at the end with the word “you”. This makes the poem giving feelings that are more personal. The man has created the war but it is not man is instinct to murder others. “The Man He Killed” demonstrates the perspective of soldiers with inhumanity in the war battle.
Authors use the literary techniques of minor characters to help develop the main character’s actions and how they are portrayed at the beginning and at the end of the story. Minor characters can also be used to construct the conflicts in the story that affect the main character therefore finding a solution to solve the conflict . Balzac is about two boys being reeducated.
This is evident when the author changes how the reader perceives beauty and ugliness in ‘How to Tell a True War Story’, as he tells Curt Lemon’s and the buffalo’s horrid and gruesome deaths as romance stories. This is especially evident when the men are picking off flowers from parts of Lemon’s dead body (O’Brien, P53). Moreover, it must be questioned why O’Brien did not write what truly happened during the Vietnam War. In his interview with Lynn Wharton, the author reveals he wanted to metamorphose his personal experiences into fictional form. He begins to write from his own experiences, but as he writes, it transforms into something new and different.
Few people know what it is like to experience the consequences of mustard gas, so using the lexis of drowning gives the reader a deeper insight into what was happening to the soldier and in World War 1 as a whole. Another lexis that Wilfred Owens used was the lexis of haunting and ghosts. The reason Owens chose to relate his experiences to a haunting one is because when someone leaves the war, their experiences are stuck with them. No matter if it is in one's dreams or hallucinations, war is an unforgettable memory. When Owens writes, "His hanging face..." and "And watch the white eyes writhing in his face...", it
Authors around the world portray characters by using a set of techniques which are called characterization or character development. Details along the story, dialogues, flashbacks, conflicts and other elements help the audience understand more about the characters life, his or her actions, thoughts and other qualities. Characterization may be either direct or indirect. Direct characterization means that the narrator directly states the characters traits. On the other hand, indirect characterization is when the narrator reveals a characters personality by their thoughts, their behavior and feelings.
The prescribed question that serves as a framework for this essay is how has the text borrowed from other texts, and with what effects? This connects directly to Part 4 of the Language and Literature Course which is Literature – Critical Study, specifically the exploration of literary works in detail. The main focus of this task not only consists of discussing how The Tell-Tale Heart borrows from Charles Dicken’s A Confession, but also to consider the similarities in narrative to justify the relationship. It is also important to review the effect that the influence has on the reader as well as the effect on the author’s style. Firstly, it is
It has an interest to the writer in particular to look at his behaviour and personality to determine why he did the horrendous things discussed throughout the novel. The psychoanalytic criticism perfectly analyze and examine his behaviour using the method and theory of the previous literary work. The writer is also interested in the character development of Alex, since he undergo a ludovico treatment to cure his mental disease and concern if it a success in defining him as a new individual with a new perspective. There are previous studies regarding to the theory of psychoanalytic criticism. It consists of three literary works that will be discussed in forms of film or novel that is known by the reader.
The main aim of a narrative essay is to tell of a particular consequential experience within a specific time-frame. What’s more, the narrative essay discusses the gained insights or makes a point. It is habitually a story which has happened to the author of the essay or a person she/he knows. It has all the conventional story elements: a plot, recounted chronologically, characters, climax, and setting. This essay has a clear-cut structure, including an introduction with a thesis, main body, and conclusion with the author’s insight.
Laurel Lee 10D2 Does Owen want us to sympathize with the protagonist or criticize him? ‘Disabled’ is a narrative poem written by an English war poet Wilfred Owen showing his own traumatic war experiences as a soldier. It is an anti-war poem and it shows the horror of the First World War. His poem effectively compares the soldier’s current life and his past and shows the contrast between those two times very well. In this essay, I will be talking about Wilfred Owen’s method of creating sympathy and criticism for the protagonist of the poem and analyze the language and literary and structural devices that he uses.