National Identity In Kazakh

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Nowadays, Kazakhstan is the independent state with the very diverse population. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan got its independence and faced with serious challenges as the new internationally recognized state with its sovereign territory, population, and authority. One of the main problems was the nation building process, because the national identity was not fully developed and needed more attention. National identity is a sense of belonging to one country and share of the norms, values, goals of that community. (Source nado???). National identity in Kazakhstan serves as the alienating factor in terms of ethnicity, language, religion, and etc., therefore it divides whole society into two major groups: majority and minority.…show more content…
In the ethnic nation building process Kazakhstan government chose to recreate these nomadic traditions. One of aspects of the nation – building process, based on ethnicity, is to rely on historic past, which in case of Kazakhstan is the nomadic traditions. According to Fedorenko (2012), the picture of the ethnic Kazakh was illustrated as the free and proud nomad from the vast steppes of Kazakhstan. He claims that government spent a lot of money in proliferation and reviving of the nomadic traditions among the society. In 2005, a historic film named “Nomad” was released worldwide, which was largely sponsored by the government of Kazakhstan. The film is about the unification of the three tribes by young nomad, who is very strong and clever enough to unite all three clashing clans (“juzs”) in the steppe. The film presents nomadic life, traditions, yurts, dressings, culture, etc. Particularly it was addressed to the nation of the Kazakhstan. Additionally, the government tries to enhance people’s belonging to the state though music and video clips (Rancier, 2009). In music lyrics there are words like homeland (“otan”) and in video clips nomadic traditions and cultures are presented. Another example of reinvention of nomadic traditions could be new capital of Kazakhstan – Astana, particularly its architecture. Good example could be the Khan Shatyr, shopping and entertainment center, has shape of the huge yurt. Another example could be the advertisement banners which has the pictures of the steppe or the nomads and the monuments or statuary of the national heroes in the parks,

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