After only three years of war, Russia had 4,950,000 wounded soldiers, and over 1,700,000 casualties. By the war’s end, Russia had weakened their international relations, shrunk their grain, coal and oil industries, and due to the millions of casualties, left women as the primary caretakers and providers for their families. Nearly every aspect of Russian economy and society had completely deteriorated which ultimately led to the Russian Revolution, and it began in March of 1917. Known as the February Revolution, it marked the beginning of the nine month revolution that would dismantle the functionality of the country for decades after. It took place in Petrograd, the Russian capital at the time, and was supported by 90,000 men and women on strike.
Through his role model of a true leader and his great charisma he influenced the Russian citizens to contribute towards his vision of a greater Russia. Vladimir Putin is seen, as a strong leader with brilliant psychological skills that had the power and will to make the decisions and take crazy risks, which he thought, was right for Russian citizens. He was highly people oriented since he new the culture and came from the same background as many Russian individuals and he new what they exactly needed and wanted in a president. But on the contrary his management background helped him to direct and control the Russian citizens by coordinating and harmonizing them to accomplish a mutual goal that was based on their needs and wants. Vladimir Putin created strategies, policies based on the Russian culture, values and views.
During Stalins reign (1879-1953) the citizens of Russia were subjected to insane poverty, hunger and distress. They had a constant threat of getting thrown into the Gulag if they spoke against Stalins way. During our discussion a very good point was raised about how Russia itself was almost like a Gulag. The citizens were not allowed to speak their own opinion in fear of being
Originating from Caesar in Latin, tsar was being used more as the Russian monarchs, brought to prominence by Ivan the Terrible. Russia continued to push outward, reaching to central Asia and western Siberia, as well as pioneering the Pacific Ocean. At the time, Russia also moved away from their agricultural economy, looking to Western powers as a model for trade and the economy. Westernization occurred substantially under Peter the Great, greatly helping Russia and in the expansionist sense. Continuing to build upon their empire, Russia pushed eastward, running into different world powers at the time.
Karl Liebknecht once said, “The Russian revolution was to an unprecedented degree the cause of the proletariat of the whole world becoming more revolutionary.” The revolution was a result of tension and disaffection for the Russian people. The Russian revolution was accountable with how Russia withdrew WW1 because of the destruction it brought forth to the Russian economy. The Russian revolution was caused by hard labor, unprepared leaders, and how Russia was industrially behind. Russia had a huge population of civilians that contributed to hard labor that ultimately escalated to a revolution. In document 7, it shows Russian female peasants at work in the late 1800s.
How was your understanding of cultural contextual consideration of the work developed through the interactive oral? Learning about both the author (Aleksandr Solzhenitsy) and the situation is Russia in 1952-54 proved very informative for me, especially to understand the harshness in the life of our protagonist Shukhov (and potentially all the prisoners during that time period). It was interesting to know that Aleksandr had actually went to several camps; both a “normal” camp and a more political or Stalinist camp. Needless to say he found the political camp far worst then the normal ones. During Stalins reign (1879-1953) the citizens of Russia were subjected to insane poverty, hunger and distress.
From the empire of the tsars to the early Soviet Union, Stalinism and the Brezhnew era, freedom of speech was mostly no issue to politics. However, since the breakdown of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, Russia has started to open up slowly. Officially called a democracy, Putin has nevertheless managed to re-establish a Russia reminiscent of the Soviet Union. After his election in 2000, Putin administered a “new media policy” (Russian Politics under Putin, p133) to achieve one goal; namely, to increase state control over the media and keep them from criticising him. As claimed by Laura Belin, “the tendency towards less pluralism and more self-censorship has become more pronounced with time” (Russian Politics under Putin, 133).
Before the bolshevik revolution and the events that followed, participation in sports were viewed as a luxury for many Russians. The sports were often restricted to the upper class, and while the tail end of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century slowly showed sports becoming more accessible to the middle classes, it was still largely unavailable to the peasants or working class. However, the Bolshevik Revolution, brought a redefining of what a sport was to the Russians. It was no longer merely physical competition between individuals or teams, which is how western culture viewed it, but rather a necessary activity to ensure maximum productivity out of the public. These new, different ideas ,which are explored by authors like Riordan,were integrated into Soviet culture through the 20’s, 30’s, and 40’s, and established the foundation for
According to Holt (2004) cultural issues at different levels – national, organizational, individual – influence all customer relationships and sales negotiations. One important feature of Russian culture is its emphasis on personal relations and the generation of favourable customer experiences is therefore of particularly high importance for the general Russian (Svetlana Gertsen; Jens Nørgaard-Sørensen). Having long been protected from competitive pressures, most Russian retailers have yet to recognize the full importance of pleasing the customer. Poor customer service and generally unappealing retail environments create a disproportionately high number of unpleasant shopping experiences (Landor Associates, Jan 2014). According to Land associates (Jan 2014), Russian service has almost been non-existent for 70 years, but since the establishment of the free market it has improved steadily.