The U.S along with the UN, and other partners, hosted a major donor conference at the end of March and the U.S pledged $1.1 billion for Haiti’s long term reconstruction needs. In line with the Obama Administration’s comprehensive approach to Sudan, the U.S has carefully supported the effective implementation of peacekeeping mandates in Southern Sudan and Darfur, and promoted improved cooperation between these two peacekeeping missions. To ensure that the UN is prepared to support the upcoming referenda, the U.S continues to work closely with the UN to improve the humanitarian situation on the
A study of the UN interventions in Liberia, South Sudan and Central African Republic in this chapter would greatly enhance international understanding of Africans and how best to prevent, mitigate or end conflicts on the continent. 6.1 THE UNITED NATIONS PEACE KEEPING OPERATION IN CURRENT ARMED CONFLICT SITUATION IN LIBERIA 6.1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE LIBERIAN STATE Liberia started off as a classic case of enlightened slavery. The first batch of 100 free black Americans and freed slaves were transported to West Africa in a tactical move by the American Colonization Society (ACS) to
Former President and founding leader of the Peoples National Congress (PNC) Party Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham for two decades shaped Guyana’s Foreign Policy destiny after Guyana gained independence from Britain in 1966. When Burnham came to power it was in the midst of a violent struggle for political leadership but he was aided in his fight by the US and Britain. Guyana had inherited a bitter border dispute with neighbours Venezuela and Suriname from its colonial days and had no experience or knowledge of foreign policy formulation. However, through the use of Security Diplomacy through International Organizations (UN), Regional Integration the Non-Align Movement and the African Liberation Movement Burnham achieved Guyana’s foreign policy
The 1960s was a particularly important decade for the African Continent since it was during that period that colonisation, brought about by the 1885 Berlin Conference where European countries namely France, the United Kingdom and Belgium acquired territories as colonies in Africa, came to end ushering a new era where self-determination became the motto that would ultimately characterize world and especially African geopolitics (). In fact, most African countries acquired and were assured of their political and economic independence from and by their respective colonial metropolis thus shaping them into the countries they are today. However, several scholars including Kwame Nkrumah, Frantz Fanon and Ngugi wa ‘Thiong’o all tend to agree that while colonialism ended, a new form of imperialism has emerged and still exists today and has been dubbed neo-colonialism. In this essay, I will aim at explaining the nature, complexities behind and impact of neo-colonialism especially in the African context, using the DRC as the archetypical case that illustrates how neo-colonialism can be envisaged. Before establishing an argument about the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) case, I believe it is important that one be aware of what constitutes neo-colonialism.
Under the scheme, a series of environmental projects have been rolled out worldwide, some of which encourages the locals to be environmentally friendly by providing monetary incentives. They include the Meru and Nanyuki Community Reforestation Project in Africa, the Tongcheng Kaidi Biomass Power Project in China, and the Ankara Landfill Gas to Energy Project that was named the Best Environmental Project of the Year in 2009 by the World Bank. Socio-economic Impact Since BP’s global outreach is extensive; having operations in approximately 80 countries , its social and economic impact crosses national boundaries. Therefore it is important for BP to exercise corporate responsibility towards the host country instead being viewed as a mere resource exploiter (British Petroleum n.d.). In managing social impact amidst its operations across regions, BP has worked closely with the local communities to manage the impact of their work and exploring opportunities to benefit the locals economically.
The European Union has been involved with the United Nations as an observer since 1974, with delegatations at five major UN sites. After two decades, the EU was given an enhanced observer status from 2011, after which it has been able to submit its own proposals, circulate documents and even participate in the debates. The EU-UN partnership consists of a huge range of issues, from fighting corruption and crime to peacebuilding in conflict-ridden countries and addressing global health concerns. The EU mainly supports the core mandate of the UN, which is to promote and monitor human rights issues in the world. By working hand in hand, the EU and the UN have been attempting to make human rights a reality in people’s daily lives and the EU seems to have developed its capacities to provide the necessary support to the UN.
The Ewe language is the most widely spoken of a cluster known as the Gbe languages, which includes the language of the Fon people. The Gbe language cluster is part of the wider Kwa group of languages. For many years, the coastal Ewe traded with Europeans, at first selling war captives as slaves and, when the slave trade ended, selling raw materials such as copra (the dried “meat” of coconuts) and palm oil. In the late 1800s, the western Ewe came under British colonial rule in what was then called the Gold Coast, while the Germans ruled the eastern Ewe in German Togoland. After World War I, Togoland became a joint British and French protectorate (colony).
HISTORY OF GUM ARABIC TRADE IN COLONIAL BORNO PROVINCE OF NIGERIA, 1902-1960 ABSRACT In the history of colonial Nigeria, trade in Gum Arabic was an important relationship that brought about a close economic contact between the colonized people of Borno province and the European colonizers. Obviously, Gum Arabic was one of the economy resources in Colonial Borno province and one of the basic raw materials of trade that was vigorously attracted the attentions of the Colonial Government and European Private Companies into the region, since the early days of colonialism. On this strength, an attempt was made to pre-review the trade in Gum Arabic during the colonial Borno, with particular emphasis to the mode of production and distribution. To
As part of its CDP (carbon disclosure report) initiative, Eaton has integrated measures to ensure sustainable supply chain measures in its business: • Eaton ensures to assess its suppliers and vendors on the following parameters: o Strategic awareness o Carbon reduction o Reporting capabilities o Implementation practices • Eaton has developed various versions of their standardised report for benchmarking and assessing its small and medium scale vendors. Revenue: • Company incurred annual energy savings of US $ 6 million, i.e., payback on investment in less than 3 years Intangible Value: • Company is now ranked among top performers by CDP & NASDAQ which has established it as the global leader in power
II. Introduction The United Nations Millennium Declaration adopted by world leaders in 2000 did acknowledge equity and equality as critical values in stating among other things: “in addition to our separate responsibilities to our individual societies, we have a collective responsibility to uphold the principles of human dignity, equality and equity at the global level.” The goals of the Millennium Development have been instrumental in mobilizing the international community around the fight against poverty in all its forms since 2001 and have contributed to huge progress in development. The 193 countries agreed on the Millennium Development Goals, which, among other targets, aim to reduce the proportion of people living on $1.25 a day by half within 15 years. Following the Group of 8 (G-8) Summit in Gleneagles, Scotland, in 2005, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the African Development Bank agreed to a plan of debt relief for the poorest countries. What reasons underlie efforts to alleviate poverty?