But the difficulty is not that erudition and great genius are necessary to understand the basic principles of warfare.1 Clausewitz 's 1812 essay, the Principles of War, offers military commanders, with little campaign experience, a comprehendible, comprehensive, and strategic model for attaining victory in battle. According to Clausewitz, military commanders must first be aware of the three most important strategic objectives of war: (1) to conquer and destroy the armed power of the enemy; (2) to take possession of his material and other sources of strength, and (3) to gain public opinion.1 To attain the strategic objectives, Clausewitz requires the application of three decisive military principles: military commanders must apply unrelenting pressure and energy to defeat the enemy; military commanders must mass combat power against the enemy’s vulnerability, creating or revealing additional weaknesses that the attacking force can exploit; and commanders must capitalize on speed, surprise, and shock to destroy the enemy. Clausewitz insists that
Schein’s Career Orientation Inventory (COI) tool was used to provide career anchor indications of participants in addition to a demographic questionnaire to categorize results for statistical correlation. Findings show significant correlations between the determinants of independent and dependent variables referenced in the study, indicating the importance of identifying career anchors and motivators in today’s military reserve forces. The results of the study
A presidential doctrine can be defined as a set of principles, actions or ideological philosophies adopted by a president in order to make it easier for him/her to advance the governance of the country. In the United States, a presidential doctrine consists of the president’s key goals, attitudes and stances when it comes to foreign affairs (foreign policy). Throughout the history of the United States, majority of the presidential doctrines adopted by different presidents have been related to the Cold War, or rather the handling the U. S. diplomacy. Essentially, each president established his doctrine with the main aim of differentiating his leadership from that of his predecessors, and more so as dictated by the events that market the tenure.
These emergency support functions will work in conjunction with state and federal agencies to provide needed response and recovery resources during and after an emergency or disaster event. Under the provisions of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, a Federal Coordinating Officer (FCO) will be appointed as the President’s representative to coordinate overall delivery of federal assistance. Federal agencies have been assigned missions to provide assistance directly to the state, under the overall direction of the FCO. Local governments will use their normal channel for requesting state and federal assistance and resources. In the event that state resources have been exhausted, the state will arrange to provide the needed resources using the ESF’s as described in the Federal Response
This lesson evidence the importance of a proper assessment for the military leaders. Retired US Army colonel Hy Rothstein claimed in his book Assessing War that American approach to war confuses winning battles and campaigns with winning wars. The risk of this approach is that it removes the political objectives from the spotlight, and by doing this, the difference between measures of performance and measures of effectiveness becomes fuzzy. It is easy for the commanders to use their own internal standards like the number of sorties flown or the amount of bombs dropped, but without a contrast to the affectation of the desired targets and the end states these numbers become irrelevant. Scholar Fred Ikle in his book Every war must end, claimed that governments tend to lose sight of the ending of wars when military men fail to perceive that is the outcome of the war, not the outcome of the campaigns within it, that determines how well their plans serve the nation’s
Battlefield visualization is important thing when facing the real war. This application is to allow the army to overview the battlefield location. This is because the commander of their unit need to make some strategic move or better decision. There also possibilities for commander to do some planning and shaping which is evaluate the possible movement of forces. Data from the real world environment will be analyze and by the battlefield visualization that been entered by computer system.
Within Section I of Article II it is written, “The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President”. Like the Legislative Branch, the Executive Branch has many important responsibilities within the federal government. Some of the most important duties of the Executive Branch is carrying out laws that the Legislative Branch has approved, recommending legislation to Congress, and the President acts as the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. military. However, just like the Legislative Branch, the Executive Branch has a system in place to ensure not one branch of the federal government gains too much power over the people.
This will determine which of the contestants has to suffer operational and tactical disadvantages and be forced throughout the battle into adopting compromise solutions”14. Indeed, as echoed by General Erwin Rommel, airpower continues to be a significant instrument of deterrence and force multiplier when employed as part of a Joint effort for nations to achieve their aims. However, airpower in small wars are generally not effective at the operational or strategic levels of war but can be decisive during engagements with enemy forces at the tactical level15. Notable tactical advantages include, but not limited to, Close Air Support (CAS) - the direct support of troops on the ground by air assets, as well as Tactical Airlifts - deploying resources and material into a specific location with high precision. Despite this paradigm shift from a traditionally intensive role to one of supporting, such aerial missions does not negate the true value of airpower.
The president is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The person in this position is the leader of the country which has the largest economy and the largest military, with command authority over the largest active nuclear arsenal. The president is frequently described as the most powerful person in the world. Article II of the U.S. Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president and charges him with the execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic, regulatory, and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers, with the advice and consent of the Senate.