Nationalism Dbq Analysis

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Liberal ideas were in favor of the majority in the country so it paved way for further unification as an independent state which emerged from all hierarchy. In order to defeat other powerful enemies, a strong state would have more advantages as it served as a collective defense. Nationalism accelerated the process of unification since it utilized the military force and political support from a large number of patriots and liberalists. Nationalism which was the emphasizing of the national identifying, and aspiration of independence promotes the unification of Italy and Germany because it focused on the majority’s voice in the country. James Stuart Mill, (Doc 2) who was a proponent of national identity, accentuated the necessity of a constitution…show more content…
For example, during Warring States Period in China, when seven major states were unable to protect their citizens from conquering by foreign countries and maintain peaceful life, fierce wars happened and China was inevitably in chaos. Eventually, the Qin dynasty unified China and ended the chaos. Numerous accomplishment of economy and improvement of policies were made after the unification.(Doc 4) Heinrich von Treitschke, who was one of the most influential proponents of militant nationalism in Germany, proclaimed that a united country should be able to protect itself and maintain usual orders. Small states would not have abilities to prevent themselves from being conquered by foreign countries and this means a large state will be more functional and beneficial to all citizens. Nationalist referred them as comrades instead of individuals and it inspired people to get rid of selfishness but cooperate with each other in order to maximize the power of Germany. ( Doc 5 ) Otto von Bismarck’s speech about how he would do anything to unify Germany shown the influence that nationalism brings. Otto said he considered absolutism and constitutionalism the best forms of government instead of dictatorship. He was an opponent of nationalism and he realized that he could
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