As a product of the Revolutions of 1848, European sentiment towards Nationalism grew extensively among the middle and lower classes. European ethnic groups and nations desired a self-determined state that represented their group and culture. As a result, both Germany and Italy would experience unification movements within several decades. By 1871, the Italian states would be unified under the Italian tricolour flag; and in the same year, the German states would become integrated into Germany under Wilhelm I of Prussia. Nationalism is both a political and social system in which the nation-state is of utmost importance -- in which nation-states act in their own self-interest and are of full sovereignty.
Since the discovery of luxurious non-European goods and their prosperous economic nature, European intervention outside of Europe steadily increased focused by the motives of “god, glory, and gold.” European systematically discovered each inch of the globe and thus created inevitable circumstances of interaction between Europeans and non-Europeans lasting from late 1700s to early 1900s. European attitudes toward this interaction greatly varied due to intellectual and cultural European trends that greatly altered their own point of view. Early interactions were guided by widely accepted Enlightenment ideals that expected individualism and tolerable thus creating an attitude of awe and respect from the Europeans to non-Europeans.
Nationalism is the pride for one’s country, the love that one has for its country and it is the want for the good of all people in the nation. This love is not conditional, it does not depend on race religion or economic standing. When a leader is chosen, when a country is coming out of great national change, this requires a particularly strong leader who only wishes for their countries greatness and success in the future. However, this can quickly turn into ultranationalism, or expose ultranationalistic motives. The two concepts of one’s love for their country have similarities, one is formed from the other, or that each can be provokers of change in either direction in the political spectrum.
At the end of World War II, Western European powers sought political stability after a period of turmoil and devastation. Germany was divided into two spheres of influence: East Germany, controlled by the Soviet Union, and West Germany, controlled by the Allies. Western Europe attempted to unify in the post-war economy, and various views arose regarding this potential unity. The unification of Western Europe was met with opinions that were largely motivated by a nation’s own economic and political interests.
Nationalism is about having the greater love, pride for one’s state, its about loyalty and devotion to the shared cause of nation building. For the most part of early nineteenth century it played a uniting role in European politics which gave them some form of stability and common cause to fight for. So, when the fervor of nationalism crosses that invisible line then it leads to Imperialism. Imperialism is about forcing other people, foreign territory into subjugation who are different. Japanese attack on China and Korea before and during second world war was a form of Imperialism.
Throughout history, nationalism has caused big problems, but has also done good things, especially during the 18th and 19th century. No one nation should ever be considered more important above all others, but Nationalism can be good if it doesn’t go as far as to make minorities of others. Which is most likely the reason so many problems arose because of nationalism. This problem grew, and by the 19th century it was impacting the whole world for better or worse. This was a very selfish way of thinking, and it was more than abundant during these times, because of this more problems arose than these countries could handle.
Both nationalism and sectionalism emerged after the War of 1812. Nationalism grew in the United States because of the victory at New Orleans. Americans were proud to be called Americans. America might have seemed like they were united; however, they were divided also by a growing belief of sectionalism. Sectionalism spread like a disease, affecting the minds of Americans.
Nationalism in the 19th century truly set the boundaries for Europe’s newly reformed nations. With technological innovations like the steam engine and Maxim rifle European countries now held a power truly feared by others. With this power, they began to triumphantly expand all over the world. Africa was the country that bore the most sufferable pain. Europe imperialism over Africa resulted in situations where people like King Leopold completely abused and mistreated entire African tribes.
The British promoted nationalism as patriotic. British imperialism was seen as an export of Britishness to the colonies while, for other European nations, it was self affirmation and a way to compensate their weakness and failures. But, for the British, its civilization was superior to all other nations. France In France nationalism was a motivating force in comparison to Britain after being defeated in the 1870-71 war against Prussia.
What is nationalism? Nationalism holds a lot of definitions; nationalism is the belief that a member of a nation shares the same interest but that different from other’s nations and different from the interests of another nation or human race. Furthermore, it is a thought by nationalists that the national interests are more important and powerful than the other interests that exist between members who belong to the nation. Nationalism political philosophy, that the welfare of the nation state considered utmost importance. nationalism is basically a state of mind and conscious, and their first duty is loyalty for the nation state.
Nationalism is a powerful force that unifies large groups of people based on commonalities such as ethnicity or religion. There are numerous examples of nationalistic forces throughout the 20th century, such as rationing and the home front that took place in WWI, the Red Army and the CCP of the Interwar Years, and ultranationalistic Nazi Germany and Japan in WWII. Nationalism is the driving force behind many of the world’s greatest accomplishments and atrocities and it helped to shape the world in the 20th century because it contributed to the WWI effort, set the stage for WWII, and caused two significant atrocities during the second World War. WWI displays nationalism in the way that home countries drew support for the war effort and rationed food for their soldiers. During the WWI effort,
The “Great War” happened in 1914 and lasted until 1918. The war was triggered, because of the assassination of the archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was supposed to receive the throne. Documents 7 and 9 go hand in hand, because it shows the European Alliances. Documents 3,4,5, and 8 show the militarism cause of the war. Lastly, the Documents numbered 1,2, and 6 belong together due to the fact they show the Imperialist Competition.