So why is Germany on the fascist road,here are many causes? First of all ,let’s talk about the history of Germany.Germany since ancient times is a warlike country,people living in this land has aggression, keen on war. Germany was formerly the kingdom of Prussia, which was founded by the family of Prussia. After the founding of the country, the rulers did not give up the ambition of aggression and expansion, they are still full of desire for war. They beat Austria, France and Russia, then carved up Poland, and later through the way of Prussian dynasty war to completed the unification of the German Empire.
The March Revolution, a nationalist movement, began mainly because of the want for a constitution. Prussia’s leader, Frederick William IV, was afraid of giving them a constitution because he was weak. He was a bad leader since Prussia’s success was only because of the work of administrators in the government, and they were the ones favoring a constitution. The March Revolution had some success because in response to the revolts, Frederick William IV allowed a Prussian assembly to be created. The ones elected wanted to unite with Germany to challenge Russia.
However, it was clear that they had no choice; Germany was obviously incapable of undergoing more war. If Germany were to be invaded by the Allies, it would’ve been very difficult for them to defend themselves since they had been weakened by the war. Furthermore, Germany hadn’t taken part in the Paris peace conference; only the winning countries had been allowed to participate. When Germany had signed the armistice in 1918, they had thought they were accepting the fourteen point peace plan formulated by the USA President Wilson. Since this peace plan was based on fair and democratic ideas, Germany thought the Treaty would also be honest, but when, the 7th May 1919, the Treaty was put ahead of the German government, their expectations were proved
Firstly, Germany was broken up into several different states, as was Italy. This allowed for foreign interference, conquests, and wars in both countries – and nationalism was succeeded within all of the states. On the eighteenth of January, 1871, both Italy and Germany combined their states. This was a cause of confusion as the alliance of these nations, particularly Germany, greatly disturbed the balance of power in central Europe – replacing dozens of small states into large, unified and aggressive countries. Germany instantly began to expand as a progressive nation – especially in the fields of political, economic, and military factors.
The Weimar Republic was established in 1919 and was a democratic state to replace imperialism because the Treaty of Versailles stated that Germany had to become a democratic country. The Weimar Republic was significantly weak due to hyperinflation, the economic collapse, the Treaty of Versailles, and other issues that were present during that time. The Weimar Republic faced chaos and violence with the Communist uprising and the Kapp Putsch. The Kapp Putsch, which took place in March 1920, was a threat to the new government and was assisted by General Luttwitz who led a group of Freikorps men (Kapp Putsch). They were against Friedrich Ebert’s beliefs about the humiliation of the Treaty of Versailles.
A Violation The Treaty of Versailles was a violation of Wilson’s ideals. The Treaty is one of the most important agreements (or disagreements) that shaped 20th century Europe socially and physically. Woodrow Wilson on January 22, 1917 in an address to the United States Senate called for a peace without victors, but the Treaty signed by the participating nations was everything but that. The blame for the war was placed on Germany and justified the reparations that were outlined by the treaty for the war. The terms of the treaty were very harsh to the Germans and they took on great resentment.
Many historians look at this issue with hindsight, comparing Hitler’s government to the model of one today. Instead, Hitler’s government should be analysed while keeping in mind that Germany was a totalitarian state. Since the country believes in a one ruler system, the government is very likely to be structured similarly as well. This in turn raises the question, through the system Hitler implemented, how were politicians able to prove themselves worthy of power to Hitler? Did this structure of the government truly hinder the rise of these politicians?
It created a culture of paranoia and a lust/need for competition, to prove their nations worth; which resulted in a larger pressure to act out aggression. The idea that nationalism increased the military was proven when in 1910 to 1914. This is around the same time the nationalistic mindset grew in popularity, Germany increased their military by 73% with Russia increasing it by 39% and Britain by 13% (“World War 1-Militarism”). Without militarism, the militaristic mindset would not have been a pushing factor towards violence, therefore reducing the likeness of a
‘The concept of total war originally emerged in the ideological and political context of the interwar period. It was not designed as a precise tool of academic analysis, but as a rhetorical’ During the Interwar period, the concept developed into ideas on how to prepare for a possible new conflict, especially in Germany there was a sense of that the country had not been willing to go far enough. ‘Eric Ludendorff saw ‘total war’ as the Great War done right.’ ‘Total war’ was to Ludendorff during the interwar period becoming an ideal where Germany could succeed if followed until the hostile nation was crushed. ‘He was convinced that to succeed, the nation would need a military dictatorship, and that ‘total war’ was total mobilization of all human material resources. ’ In a more modern context ‘The notion of ‘total war’ is commonly used within military history to describe a totality of effort, meaning the full mobilization of civil, economic and military sectors for war.’ This, however, is only one of several depictions of ‘total war’.
Introduction Introduction In this study it is intended to examine Nazi ideology and its symbolism, and the way in which Nazi ideology was transmitted the German population. to It is also intended to examine the origins of Nazi ideology - seeking to discover whether it was solely a product of its era, or whether it had an historical dimension. will be addressed in the course of this examination, Many questions concerning the composition of the ideology itself, its role in propaganda and mobilisation, its relationship to thinkers of the nineteenth and early twentieth century, and its connection with the thought of the Enlightenment. Nazism has often been treated as a ragbag of ideas without any formulation systematic foundation.