The 19th century was a time of new beginning after the French revolution and Napoleonic wars. The bloom of industrial revolution influenced many areas of life including culture in arts, politics and music which led to a political movement termed as Nationalism. The term Nationalism is defined as a national identity that possesses common traits such as language, culture and historical tradition by a group of individuals to create unity within a country. This political movement led the people believe that they are citizens of a country and not workers. This movement brought unity to people influencing them that they have freedom to equal rights and status in society, to express their emotions and from religion.
“Nationalism is an extreme form of patriotism and loyalty to one’s country. Nationalists place the interest of their own country above the interests of other countries” (“Nationalism as cause”). This form of patriotism started in the early 20th century in Europe. Many nationalists were often exposed to the form of loyalty through newspapers, literature, and music. Nationalism often gave citizens over-confidence in their country’s government and military strength.
(Burton, 103, Social Darwinism) After being aware of this, Theodore Roosevelt’s plan was to make America the stronger country and gain power by taking other nations. Theodore Roosevelt is a patriotic American icon to many people today because of his acts of bravery and toughness. (Burton, 357) In the olden days (maybe until today), a huge country with dominance over other countries is the ideal country for Americans. “Theodore Roosevelt was a nationalistic patriot and imperialist in his very bones” (Burton, 357). This was one of the reasons Theodore Roosevelt wanted to build a bigger America, due to his “Pride of the Nation”.
Weimar Germany was a diverse and complex landscape throughout the entirety of the years following the war. This intricate environment was moulded through the many factors that were either carried from certain organizations with different views or felt throughout the Republic of Weimar. During the period of 1918-1924, arguably one of the most significant factors, in terms of the impact on Weimar Germany, was nationalism. Nationalism is the belief that an individual’s loyalty to a nation exceeds any opposing individual or group interests. German nationalism, in particular, opposed the new Weimar Republic and pushed for a return to the imperialist rule in place during the period of the German Empire.
The Fascist ruler won the civil war. Germany was struggling with social and economic problems during the 1920s, experiencing a complete monetary collapse and finding a way to recover from it. Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 with the promise of nation building and making Germany a super power and reclaiming what was lost in the war of 1918. Hitler’s Lieutenant, Joseph Goebbels, called for a revolution from below to make the German nation “into a single people”. This led to the racial purification of the German population during the Second World War.
CAUSES OF WORLD WAR 1 World War One (1914-1918) was a turning point in history. Many scholars study about WW1 and what caused this huge conflict. Germany used to be responsible for this was, but after many controversial debates later, the blame was gradually put on the different great powers of Europe as well. In this piece of writing, the main causes of WWI will be analyzed, especially targeting the long-term causes. World War One was a time of struggle in Europe.
Nationalism is the idea that a people who have much in common, such as language, culture and within the same location ought to organize in such a way that it creates a stable and enduring state. Nationalism is tied to patriotism, and it is the driving force behind the identity of a culture. Nationalism had many effects in Europe from 1815, The Congress of Vienna and beyond. Nationalism brings people together in a way and people can feel belong to something. Factors include Prince Metternich, the middle class in countries get involved, and ideas of imperialism and many others brought people together as one to be called nationalism.
Key Words: Great War, disillusionment, dehumanization. Impact of the Great War in T.S.Eliot’s The Wasteland. War, wherever and whenever it occurs has a deadly and devastating effect not only on the countries concerned but also on entire globe in one way or the other. The First World War or the Great War had a deep seeded impact upon the minds of the citizens of this world. The Great War started on 28th of July, 1914 and ended up on 11thof November, 1918, so, almost four and a half years witnessed this great destructive war resulting in around 16 million deaths.The mortality rate was very high because of greater involvement of science and technology.
To what extent is it correct to blame German foreign policy for First World War is an incredibly difficult question to evaluate due to the complex situation in Europe during the turn of the century. Unfortunately for Germany, it took them 92 years to pay back the debt and it is said that this blame was a contribution to the Second World War. The continuously habit humans carry- to blame a specific group was not ignored although in this case it was clear and obvious there were many factors contributing to the First World War. This essay will be discussing the social, political, economic, imperialist and militaristic factors leading up to the First World War in 1914. Firstly, it is important to address the “weltpolitik” (world policy) was Germany’s foreign policy adopted by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany in 1891.
Imperialism. A policy in which many countries around the world used, extending their power and influence through military force and diplomacy. During the 19th century, the ideology of imperialism was very popular in the United States and in other European countries as well. This lead to many countries such as England, France, Germany, Russia including the U.S competing with each other searching for ways for justify their power and world- wide influence. Although many people believe was a great way to make uncivilized people civilized, become educated,etc some believed that imperialism did not free the countries in which those civilised nation conquered under imperialism.