We all cross frontiers; in that sense, we are all migrant peoples.’ In her novels, Bharati Mukherjee has dealt with such moving metaphors of culture- their displacement, dislocation, mutation and translation. Postcolonial transnational counter-textuality began by affirming the contestation between estrangement and search for identity. The counter-textual mood of anti-colonial or nationalist writing finds its resources in the transcultural restlessness of writers such as Salman Rushdie, Ben Okri, Michael Ondaatje and Bharati Mukherjee. However, Mukherjee’s position is different from
THEME OF SURVIVAL IN CORMAC MCCARTHY’S “THE ROAD” INTRODUCTION In the development of American Literature, the American novel has played a very important role in the establishment of American characteristics, and the breadth of its production now cause it to be considered a separate path and tradition. The New England colonies were the centre of early American literature. Henry David wrote Walden, which stresses on the resistance to the dictates of on organized society. American novels focus on the landscape of the country, America. They portrayed poverty, survival, hunger, alienation and cultural conflicts in their novels.
Although she may not intend to, she limits her daughters by prioritizing their social status over satisfaction with their life choices. With regard to Elizabeth, Mrs. Bennet embodies the roles and requirements which Elizabeth is meant to defy through her free-will and growth as a character. Mrs. Bennet’s image as a mother deteriorates further as she sends Jane in the rain to visit Mr. Bingley and his acquaintances with “many cheerful prognostics of a bad day” (Austen 45). The act alone is not inherently malicious, but the light-hearted tone regarding a seemingly worrisome journey indicates that Mrs. Bennet is willing to sacrifice the health of her own daughter to only potentially strengthen Bingley’s interest. Mrs. Bennet cares for Jane’s happiness
Dadi speaks upon the importance of the mother in law, the mother in law was to be respected in any way possible when you were a new daughter in law. If the mother in law was not respected the husband would teach the wife a lesson for not respecting his mother. Now, daughter in laws exert their power towards not only their mother in law but also their husband. In early era, daughter in laws used to fear their mother in laws as they were not to speak up for themselves on how they were treated, as Dadi explains. As times have changed we take notice on the difference of how Dadi speaks on her experiences to what we see now with the interaction with the daughter in laws and her family in law.
They are made to follow the love laws as binding cultural norms and misbehaviour of these meant an open invitation to wrath. Mamachi, the first generation woman sufferer, suffers silently. To quote Simone de Beauvoir, “One is not born, but rather becomes a women…it is civilization as a
The term ‘decolonized’ is popular among activists of colour, yet is very loaded and hard to pin down. It has been used to free minds but it also has divided communities. The process of “decolonized’’ should not place colonization as the central point of our culture, nor should it romanticize our indigenous past .These trains of thought perpetuate the point of view of the dominant culture of today. Rather “decolonization’’ should be a process of changing a way we view the world. Frantz Fanon wrote- “Imperialism leaves behind germs of rot which we must clinically detect and remove from our land and from our mind as well.’’ The residue of colonization allows for the continued stratification of people.
Narayan proves that even if there is no language barrier, European’s nature mind still disparaging non-European due to the power of colonizer. Therefore, this story is the resistance toward the European because it reveals that no matter what Europeans think of themselves, they are not different from non-European. Although Muni is less educated in American man’s point of view, they both still ended up at the same place where no one could understand each other. Narayan implies that Western are not superior to other culture, and no culture would be considered civilized than one
Keywords: Culture, ideology, marginal, protagonists, psyches, segregation, spaces. Marginal Spaces- A Study of Desai’s Bye Bye Blackbird Desai’s novel Bye Bye Blackbird is an exploration of the relationships between emigrants and natives of a country and at a deeper level, about the changing emotions of human beings according to the time and situations. Change is an inevitable part of any life but very rarely are we prepared to accept them. Adit, Dev and Sarah do not only occupy marginal spaces but also are actively trying to fight their way out of them. This paper is a study exploring the marginal spaces depicted in the novel and the protagonists ' efforts to move towards the centre.
The protagonist of this novel – Miss Elizabeth Bennet – breaks away from expectations of her to marry as a means of finding financial security. She portrays a view of wanting to marry for love as seen in the novel when she rejects the marriage proposal of her wealthy cousin – Mr Collins. Elizabeth is portrayed as an intelligent woman. She takes advantage of her right to an education and prides herself in her reading. Mr Darcy, her love interest, goes against the stereotypical depiction of men in the novel.
The story emphasises that the past lives in the present and the present is shaped by the past. As Kaul rightly points out, “future experience is thus contained via memory in past narration” (Kaul, 1995 : 307). Amitav brings out pointlessness of drawing lines across nations and the story highlights the need for co-existence and tough humanitarian tangles amid cultures, over-looking personal, regional and political considerations. This novel is the work of an renowned author,