1491 by Charles Mann is a book about the Native Indians lives in a pre-Colombian America. Throughout the book Mann states that a great deal of the information he is giving is new speculation. However, not all of the speculation has evidence clear enough for one to be sure what he claims is true. Mann’s writing style is thought provoking, intriguing, and engaging. Mann specializes in scientific journalism.
What Led Europe to Succeed over Natives Upon the uncovering of the of the America’s by the European super powers, most of the native American tribes were quickly captured. The question arises as to why the Europeans conquered the Americans and not the other way around. Europe was able to prosper and grow while the indigenous groups of the Americas stayed in the past. European success over American tribes was attributed to the fact that the Europeans possessed more advanced technologies and skills that could be used against natives, Europeans were literate and could record knowledge and events easily, and the European diseases brought over were devastating to the unprepared indian populations. When conquering the Americas, Europeans had majorly
Pre-Columbus The Americas was first settled in between 10,000 to 23,000 years ago when migrators could cross the Bering Strait on foot due to a land bridge that was there during the ice age. When the migrants arrived the continent it was in rough conditions. Due to the ice age everyone lived as hunters and gatherers. When the climate finally stabilized around 8000 BCE they divided themself into tribes settling
The Europeans had brought with them a plague of misfortune with them across the sea. This being the main force of suffering the Natives had to endure. As Europeans thrived, the natives had to pay the price for all the luxuries the Europeans got with their health, freedom, integrity etc. This is throughly seen through the vase numbers that fell to disease that the Europeans brought. The Europeans had brought various diseases with them across the sea like smallpox, influenza, typhus, measles, malaria and more.
As I read further they discussed the coming of Columbus to the American continent and the views of the Europeans about America. Some of their views include the belief that America, “had never been settled, much less civilized” and it was “inhabited only by wandering tribes who had np thought of profiting by the natural riches of the soil”. Not long after, these views would be proven as misconceptions. In reality the New World was filled with people, several million more than Europe. “More than 1,000 tribes still inhabited the northern forests, prairies, and mesa when whites arrived”.
Sujan Neupane Rodolfo C. Villarreal History 1302 02/24/2017 “Native Reactions to the Invasion of America” by James Axtell In his article called “Native Reactions to the Invasion of America”, James Axtell discusses a very important problem of the American history – the treatment of Native Americans by the newcomers. Although Axtell does justify the position of the Natives in many cases, he does not believe that the newcomers were the only cause of the cultural schism between themselves and the locals. On the contrary, he believes that the schism and decline of the local culture was often caused by the choices made by the Natives themselves. Axtell claims that there were several ways in which Indians reacted to the coming of the whites,
They were also infected by the diseases that the Spaniards were immune to. He showed not on ounce of respect for the Native American people. This is why Columbus is a villain. General Summary of why stating there are __ reasons that will be discussed (History of religion prior to Columbus) After Columbus learned the religion of Native Americans they were threatened to either change their religion or to be annihilated. He forced
He was the post-colonial and debarred Columbus. He was stripped of his symbolic optimism and exposed as a man with many faults which caused much suffering. History revisionists have found the truth of Columbus. He was a monster by today’s standards. Although what he accomplished was without a doubt historically significant, his expeditions were important in European development of the western hemisphere, these accomplishments cannot be celebrated as a heroic or righteous for many have suffered in this pursuit of prosperity.
America’s citizens are often very patriotic and love to celebrate those that have helped make their great nation, Columbus, supposedly, being one of these people. However, it is quite astonishing that Columbus Day is even celebrated as a patriotic holiday, considering all of the terrible things he did to the indigenous people of the New World. Citizens all over America express many different beliefs about the world, but the vast majority have a universal belief that murder and cruelty are wrong, so why celebrate a man who practically specialized in unnecessary, unprovoked cruelty. Many know the arrival of Europeans on American soil was terrible for the Native Americans, but few know the role Columbus himself played in the cruelty indigenous people
Clocking the First Americans What sort of evidence (or quality of evidence) will be necessary to establish firmly the presence of a pre-Clovis culture in the Americas? As stated by Meltzer in the article, Clocking the First Americans, it is universally agreed that the first Americans were in North and South America by Clovis times, approximately 11,200 years ago. The question that is hotly debated however, is whether or not there were people present prior to this Clovis time. This has been a certainly polarizing topic amongst archaeologists, to say the least. There are those who don’t believe such a Pre-Clovis culture ever existed and those who do, promptly called good and bad archaeologists respectively.
Entry 1 Who were the Native Americans? Native Americans spoke hundreds of different languages and were a diverse group of people who, for the most part, crossed the Bering Strait between 15,000 and 60,000 years ago. What were the major differences between Native Americans and Europeans? At that time, Europeans had made significantly more advancements in metal tools, gunpowder, and science. Native Americans also had a different political system, religious views, and family structure then the Europeans.
Authentic Native Americans who inhabited around what is now called Mackinac County, Michigan and northeast of the Great Lakes from around 1200 CE, was originally referred to as Michilimackinac; derived from the Native language called Algonquian, which means "large turtle" to describe the shape of Mackinac Island (1, 280). Given that the Native Tribes left merely a diminutive amount of recorded information, there is an insufficient aggregated evidence that can be comprehended with inevitability concerning their culture and in research that was collected, there seems to be more archeological evidence regarding forceful European cultural influences than actual Native culture, and is the reason why we have even gained written documentation regarding
The Latino/Hispanic Ethnic Group In 1973, the census for the Latino/Hispanic ethnic group was made official (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014). However, the United States Census Bureau (2014) goes over in their ‘Hispanic Heritage Month’ article, that the census led to controversy since "the term Hispanic [...] can be of any race” (United States Census Bureau, 2014). The Culture of the Latino/Hispanic Ethnic Group “Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans make up more than 17% of the US population with over 53 million Hispanics and Latinos living in the US” (Yafai, 2015). This group contains anyone that comes from a common ancestry; although this ethnic group is widely diverse, they come together with their combination of similarities. Language Immigrant
All in all, you have to negotiate and come to the best most logical solution to keep everyone from killing each other. Everyone has their own opinions and views, but personally I believe that, the reason so many individuals believe that the flag is used as a symbol of hatred/ racism is because that’s what they have been taught and told their entire lives. History isn’t black and white, there are so many things that NO ONE knows the actual full blown truth behind. But instead of assuming and acting like we were there and know exactly what happened, maybe we should research and actually learn our history instead of turning nothing into something and causing more problems. Finally, no I do not believe that the flag is a symbol of hatred or racism, but I do believe that some individuals do believe that, that’s what the whole history of the flag is based on.