The Trail of Tears left by the Cherokee Indians “Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.” -― Martin Luther King Jr The Trail of Tears helped the Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion lead to the Civil War in many ways. The Trail of Tears caused more tension to rise in the United States.
For Jefferson, assimilation was best for Native Americans; second best was removal to the west. He felt the worst result of the cultural conflict between European Americans and Native Americans would be their attacking the whites. Thomas Jefferson’s views of Indians reflect those commonly found in eighteenth cen-tury America and they set the stage for nineteenth century American Indian policies in-cluding the forced removal of Indians from their homelands. Jefferson, the icon of free-dom and personal liberty established the national policy towards Native Americans that would last for over one hundred years. He began what would destroy cultures and re-sult in the reservation system.
Additionally, another economic factor was the creation of the Homestead Act of 1862 that would continue playing a role of stripping the natives of their home land. The Homestead Act granted 160 acres of land for anyone willing to settle out west and develop the land. Again, the Americans were taking land that wasn’t theirs and giving it away like it was theirs. As a result of having their home land being taken away, this angered the Natives and reinforced the hostility they had against the Americans. The selfishness of the Americans lead to the tense relationship with the
Through the first half of this semester I have examined the undeniable truths of how Westward Expansion has affected Indians. It has encouraged me even more so to explore both sides of the story. I did not know how horrible Indians lives were when the outsiders invaded their land. I have been enlightened through this material concerning the mental and physical aspects of the westward expansion. The poor treatment towards Indians are shown immensely through the removal, and the stripping of their culture.
Mean Spirit, although a work of fiction, is based around the real life stories and incidents surrounding the discovery of oil in Oklahoma on indigenous land. The many killings and land swindles recreated in the novel show how indigenous lives became sacrificed in the interest of natural resources and money. Using stark imagery, Hogan speaks to the devaluing and elimination of indigenous lives, stating in Solar Storms, “I learned how I came from a circle of courageous women and strong men who had walls pulled down straight in front of them until the circle closed, the way rabbits are hunted in a narrowing circle, but some lived, some survived this narrowing circle of
They were worried that the universe could become unstable and bring destruction to their world. This is illustrated through the Myth of the Sun 's, myths that were carved into the face of the Aztecs Calendar stone. One of the myths for example, revolved around the belief of the world ending due to earthquakes and famine. With this fear, it further compelled the Aztecs to practice human sacrifice and bloodletting as an
He did not follow Jefferson’s plan of Assimilation, rather he sought to remove Indians wholesale from their property and move them somewhere, “deemed unsuitable for white settlement. Jackson claimed his plans for separation were beneficial for Native Americans, without explaining why they couldn’t remain separate on their own land. Viciously uprooting Native Americans meant that the practices they had been carrying on for centuries were, for the most part, halted. Even after Native Americans had ceded land, Jefferson consistently broke those treaties, with the most blatant being the ratification of the Treaty of New Echota. In this treaty, he took the word of several unelected people of the Cherokee Nation as an agreement on behalf of all of them, because it fit his desires.
When the Europeans began colonizing the New World, they had a problematic relationship with the Native Americans. The Europeans sought to control a land that the Natives inhabited all their lives. They came and decided to take whatever they wanted regardless of how it affected the Native Americans. They legislated several laws, such as the Indian Removal Act, to establish their authority. The Indian Removal Act had a negative impact on the Native Americans because they were driven away from their ancestral homes, forced to adopt a different lifestyle, and their journey westwards caused the deaths of many Native Americans.
Sujan Neupane Rodolfo C. Villarreal History 1302 02/24/2017 “Native Reactions to the Invasion of America” by James Axtell In his article called “Native Reactions to the Invasion of America”, James Axtell discusses a very important problem of the American history – the treatment of Native Americans by the newcomers. Although Axtell does justify the position of the Natives in many cases, he does not believe that the newcomers were the only cause of the cultural schism between themselves and the locals.
In the late 19th century of the United States, there was a push from western culture for the American agenda, which was to indoctrinate the Native Americans through any means necessary, to achieve their Manifest Destiny. This means that the Native Americans faced tragedies beyond imagination: massacre, disease, and assimilation. However, as described in James Welch’ historical fiction novel “Fools Crow”, Native Americans fought for their survival and cultural continuance despite the ultimate destruction. In the book “Fools Crow” the main character and narrator of the story is a young, Pikuni man by the name of Fools Crow and towards the end of the novel Fools Crow goes on a journey to meet a woman named Feather Woman who possesses this strange yellow skin.
The document “Colonists Encroach on the Stanwix Line”, records a speech made by a Native American, John Killbuck to the governors of three separate English Colonies. He tells of the English and other European Settlers invading Naive American lands base on their own greed and compete against one another. The English haven’t always agreed on bringing about peaceful compromises on the lands they and other European Nations have conquered, instead, wars erupted and whoever were the victors reaped all the rewards, land that consisted of Native American tribes. The Native had tried to make a peaceful compromise of a land dispute by setting a boundary between Native American tribes and the English Colonies. However, with the increase of Europeans flooding
In the book I Wish I’d Been There, there are two chapters that can easily be compared, the McGillivray Moment and Chief Joseph Surrenders, for they both had to do with Native Americans, and how they were kicked off their land. Both were made promises that weren’t kept,by American Generals. even if meant twisting the rules of war and going against the law.
The relations between the early settlers and the native Americans were sour from the start of American settlement. The main cause of this bitterness was that fact that the first settlers aka puritans only saw Indians as savages and that the Indians would be never be equal to them, and the start of this conflict was when puritans started seizing native American land for their own use illegally. and even though most native Americans didn 't like the settlers some tribes sided with the settlers in future wars to come. The Pequot war was a long ongoing feud between settlers and some native tribes against the most powerful tribe in Rhode island:
The Europeans came mostly in peace; however, the Native Americans saw the newcomers as a threat to their livelihood. Amoroleck, an Indian captured by the Europeans after a clash between the two, explained that the Native Americans attacked the settlers because they believed the settlers “were a people come from under the world, to take their world from them.” (Merrell 45) With early conflicts, neither party was coming out victorious with their losses out numbering their winnings between the Indians and Europeans. Eventually, the Native Americans would accept the Europeans and even live jointly, aiding one another whether it was determining the best hunting grounds, planting the right crops in the right area, or incorporating lifestyles by helping round up escaped slaves. The two parties learned to make the most out and how to benefit from each other.