The Trail of Tears was a massive transport of thousands of Native Americans across America. After the Indian removal act was issued in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes were taken from their homelands and transported through territories in what many have called a death march. The government, on behalf of the new settlers ' cotton picking businesses, forced the travel of one hundred thousand Native Americans across the Mississippi River to a specially designated Indian territory for only the fear and close-mindedness of their people. The Native Americans were discriminated against by not only their new government, but also the people of their country and forced to undertake one of the most difficult journeys of their lives.
One Indian tribe that did not going willingly was the Cherokee. In 1838-39, when the Army came to force them out, they could no longer resist. The Cherokee had to give up their land and were forced to move to Oklahoma. The Cherokee people called this journey the "Trail of Tears," because of its devastating effects. The migrants faced hunger,
However, thanks to a religious man named Bishop Henry Whipple from Minnesota who truly believed in equality this didn’t happen. He brought this case to the attention of President Abraham Lincoln who decided the amount of people to be executed was too much. During that time Abraham Lincoln was strongly hated among the Minnesotans who would say they had enough trees to hang all Native Americans. They eventually decided to only execute 38 men which was still one of the largest mass executions in the history of the United States. The 38 men sang the Dakota death song and valiantly took their fate.
When America was discovered and colonized, the indigenous peoples faced real hardships. Americans disliked anything that wasn’t European culture so they tried to eliminate tribal identities and assimilate the Native Americans into their culture. They outlawed certain Indian rituals such as the Ghost Dance and forced Indian children to speak English instead of their native languages. The constitution did not outline specific details for relations with Natives, so as America grew older, the government was left to deal with the Indians however they pleased.
The trail of Tears was an unethical decision implemented by the government of the United State. The President Jackson used force to push the native American out of their lands. According to www.ushistory.gov, << Over 20,000 Cherokees were forced to march westward along the Trail of Tears. About a quarter of them died along the way>>.
After the long walk on the Trail, the compromise of the Act was not kept.. When the Natives arrived at the reservations, they found horrible land, even though the government said it would be good land (Wright). It was instead rocky land that they couldn't even farm on. The Natives believed that the land could not be owned by anyone, but they knew that any land they would live on, would be owned by the United States. Soon settlers came and took the reservations. If the Indians resisted, it could lead to a fight.
They were also required to learn Christianity (document 8). The native peoples’ land and space was invaded and they were required to do whatever the conquerors said, or else they would be punished. This era in history is a devastating time for an immense amount of people. The Age of Exploration was a strenuous period of time for the native people, and therefore should not be celebrated.
Additionally, another economic factor was the creation of the Homestead Act of 1862 that would continue playing a role of stripping the natives of their home land. The Homestead Act granted 160 acres of land for anyone willing to settle out west and develop the land. Again, the Americans were taking land that wasn’t theirs and giving it away like it was theirs. As a result of having their home land being taken away, this angered the Natives and reinforced the hostility they had against the Americans. The selfishness of the Americans lead to the tense relationship with the
When the Europeans began colonizing the New World, they had a problematic relationship with the Native Americans. The Europeans sought to control a land that the Natives inhabited all their lives. They came and decided to take whatever they wanted regardless of how it affected the Native Americans. They legislated several laws, such as the Indian Removal Act, to establish their authority. The Indian Removal Act had a negative impact on the Native Americans because they were driven away from their ancestral homes, forced to adopt a different lifestyle, and their journey westwards caused the deaths of many Native Americans.
This government in America that people praise and protect everyday, has flaws and people who are corrupt. A recent example would be the Dakota Access Pipeline. Native Americans have been discriminated against since the pilgrims first arrived. Forced to move west due to the white settlers taking over the their territory and kill many who refuse to do what they say, caused the Native Americans to lose their land and dreams. This is similar to what is happening today.
The Trail of Tears was named so because of its devastating effects to the Cherokee nation. They were removed for one main reason, so their land could be used by the white men. Nobody had the right to take away their land. The land had been theirs since before the Europeans came and now they were being forcibly removed from it. On top of that, soldiers forced them to travel in the winter, causing thousands of Native Americans to die.
The Trail of Tears was ignominy in the history of United States. After President Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the United States Military forced many Native American Tribes off their land. About 15,000 Cherokees were forced to leave from their land and this journey became to be known as “The Trail of Tears”. The Cherokees were forced because the greedy Americans wanted the land for agriculture and to grow cotton which would earn them a lot of money. The tribes were forced to moved westward from their ancestral land and settle in Oklahoma Territory.