The settlers and the native people of America have contributed a good collection of books which constitute the body of American Literature. Any book written will register the life style of people, their food habits, culture, beliefs, system of education followed, the nature of children and their history. The books written by the writers from the United States of America have registered the expectations, hopes, future predictions along with warnings their fear for degeneration of moralities and the impacts of Industrial revolutions. American Literature was acutely carved by the history of the United Nations of America. In the beginning after a great revolution for more than a century and half America became the United States.
The postmodern principles of relativism, cultural division, and diversity, in turn, lead writers like Toni Morrison, an influential African-American author and Nobel Prize winner, to tell stories based on perspective. Often focused on various aspects of identity, these stories showcase the many cultural groups of America. They commonly feature how details of a person’s character impact his life experience and view of the world. As a postmodernist, Morrison uses fragmented narratives, a technique often characteristic of modern works, to convey this type of storytelling. By introducing the plot in non-chronological order, she shows how every piece of her characters’ pasts leads to their present.
This in turn has led to new areas of study which include the ideas of “space and place, or encounters with the environment” and “corporeality, or coming to terms with the body” (Campbell 508). It is within this context of recent scholarly work that naturalism is seen in the novel Tracks , written by Native American author, Louise Erdrich. A characteristic of naturalism, determinism manifests itself in Tracks through depictions of the “brute”, quests for power and wealth, and the portrayals of deterioration and violence. Tracks is a novel about the on-going struggles Native Americans face in their efforts to preserve their land and culture. Set in North Dakota during the early part
Their objective was to create bridges between East and West and create philosophical meeting points between Arab and American ideologies. They used many poetic lines from both east and west to build bridges between the two worlds. ( Majaj, “Arab –American Literature: Origins and Developments” ) Some features of Arab American literature are: asserting self identification, highlighting hardships faced by Arab Americans, demonstrating self criticism and nostalgia, and presenting multiplicity of narrative voices, in addition, Ameen Rihani is an
As a matter of fact colonized people attempts to articulate their identity and reclaim their past in the face of that past 's inevitable otherness. It can also deal with the way in which literature in colonizing countries appropriates the language, images, scenes, traditions and so forth of colonized countries. (Slemon, S 1995: 99-116) Typically, the proponents of the theory examine the ways in which writers from colonized countries attempt to articulate and even celebrate their cultural identities and reconstruct them from the colonizers. They also examine ways in which the literature of the colonial powers is used to justify colonialism through the perpetuation of images of the colonized as inferior. However, attempts at coming up with a single definition of postcolonial theory have proved controversial, and some writers have strongly critiqued the whole concept.
The analysis is of migration experience and life style of Indians in foreign land and this experience is constituted in migration, partition, resettlement and socio-economic assimilations. For diasporic writers, one of the most important themes of their writing is the nostalgia for ancestral home and sense of homelessness with rootlessness. Some writers regret for loss of their homeland while others take it positively by having expanded view of human experience and interaction with and inclusion of diverse cultures. In this research paper I have focused at V S Naipaul‘s three novels: Novels A House For Mr Biswas(1961),The Enigma Of Arrival (1987) & Half a life(2001)
As a matter of fact, people lost their livelihoods and their homes, and as a result, people were living as homeless “hobos” (The Balance). The people and families that had lost everything were forced to live on the streets because they had nowhere else to go. Although, for special relief for farmers, the Agricultural Adjustment program paid wheat growers for not planting their crops (Worster 127). This saved the community from scraping the absolute bottom and awakened social conscience of the rest of the nation and an influx of federal
Re-visioning of the tragic history like slave trade and indentured labourers, and g. Transition of ‘new society,’ ‘new identity,’ and ‘new world’ (creole and hybrid). Very basically, and in a literary context, postcolonialism involves one or more of the following. John McLeod in his work Beginning of Postcolonialism explains the three elements that postcolonialism entails: a. Reading texts produced by writers from countries with a history of colonialism, primarily, those texts which are concerned with the workings and legacy of colonialism in the past or the present. b.
TATA INSTITUTE OF SOICIAL SCIENCES, MUMBAI 'BOOK REVIEW ON ' RECLAIMING CULTURE Indigenous People And Self Representation : JOY HENDRY SUBMITTED BY Pradeep Totre M2014DTA015 SUBMITTED TO Prof. Biswaranjan Tripura Centre for Social Justice and Governance, School of Social Work RECLAIMING CULTURE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND SELF REPRESENTATION Author – Joy Hendry Published in – Oct 2005 Publisher – Palgrave Macmillan (New York) Pages – 255 BOOK REVIEW This book focuses on the renewal of cultural identity, especially in populations previously considered 'extinct '. At the same time, the author sets out to explain the importance of ensuring the survival of these cultures. By drawing a fine and textured picture of these cultures, Hendry illuminates extraordinary diversity that was, at one point, seriously endangered, and explains why it should matter in todays world. Reclaiming culture is concern with a 'movement of resilience and renewal ' through which indigenous communities around the world are reclaiming control of their cultural identities and the representations that define these. Taking a broadly comparative approach, it examines the efforts of Aboriginal groups to challenge
Uncomfortable in new surrounding in assimilation process, unknowingly Dimple develops a psychosis which gets worse due to cold attitude of her husband. In her psyche she epitomizes America as a land of violence. She was misfit in both the roles, unable to condition herself in new cultural environment and as a wife. She was uncomfortable in dealing every aspect around America, in shopping, dealing with new gadgets; due to her traditional upbringing she was reluctant wearing pants, Sticks to her old routine of cooking, watching TV but her consciousness was constantly haunted by past images, in her husband she finds repressive patriarch. According to him good Indian wives remain within the four walls of their home, by wearing western dresses they bring bad name to the family.