The world population has reached 7 billion people. Of these, an estimated 230 million people or 5% of the world’s adult population abused drugs at least once in 2010 according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2011). Approximately 27 million (0.6% of the world adult population) are problem drug users or drug addicts (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011). Drug addicts require treatment. In 2009, 4.5 million people worldwide were receiving treatment for problems related to drug abuse, though the need is much higher.
Fresno County is located in the central regions of California (CA). Current estimates put the population at around 965,000 which represents a huge 20% increase over the last 14 years. Most of the population growth came from the Hispanic and Asian communities, which now represent over 33% of the total population. Given the County 's proximity to both Sacramento and Los Angeles, they too suffer from a large number of crimes and death related to drug abuse and addiction. Startling Statistical Information About Drug Abuse in Fresno County, California While Trust for America 's Health reported the state of California has the 15th lowest fatality rate (10.6 out of every 100,000 people) from drug overdose, the number is quite misleading considering the vast population of the state.
Recently, researchers found that tobacco killed around 100 million people in the worldwide in the 20th century, and this number is more than the figure of killed people in world wars I and II. Also, Smoking cigarette is one of the main causes of cancerous diseases. According to world health organization statistics, around 87 percent of the people who smoke more likely to have lung cancer.
A comparison of rates of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus by ethnicity and race disclosed that in 2010 the AAs diagnosed for diabetes were 13.2% of 29.1 million Americans (ADA, 2014). AA adults have the highest mortality rate from DM in individuals less than seventy years of age than other ethnic groups (Tancredi, et al., 2015). In 2010, diabetes mellitus has caused the deaths of 69,071 people in the United States with total percentage deaths of all males (48.2%) and females (51.4%). In 2013, their mortality rate accounted for 21.2 deaths per 100,000 populations (CDC, 2015). This alarming statistics have proven that AA adults at risk for T2DM are in a greater need for EB interventions that will be championed by the advanced practice nurses
A Famous chief named wahunsonacok known as Powhatan. The Powhatan is first permanent English settlements in North American , Jamestown. Later , the tribes seemed to no longer exist. During in 1900s , several hundred in Virginia and Delaware who claim to belong that tribe. Navajo is one of the largest Indian tribes in united state.
Behaviors That Affect the Health of Native Americans The main behaviors leading to most health disparities are drinking; Native Americans have high rates of alcoholism, binge drinking episodes, and cirrhosis of the liver. There is correlation of alcohol use with tobacco use, and this is true for Native Americans. While other groups have decreased their use for tobacco, the rates steadily climb for Native Americans. Because of the road and law enforcement, in terms of infrastructure, the amounts of driving under the influence have resulted in the highest rates of MVAs and pedestrian hits. Lastly, are eating habits, which due to low incomes have caused obesity, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and hypertension.
Alcohol consumption has a major impact on our society and was responsible for at least 88 deaths every month in 2008 (Alcohol Action Ireland, 2013). It is a leading cause in mental health issues and with 76% of the Irish population drinking alcohol it is no surprise that alcohol was also a factor in 40% of all cases of self-harm in 2010 (Alcohol Action Ireland, 2015). Below are some facts about the effects of alcohol taken from alcoholireland.ie: One in 10 cancers in men and one in 3 cancers in women are caused by drinking 9% of girls surveyed and 13% of boys said that they first got drunk before the age of 13 Almost half of the perpetrators of homicide were intoxicated when the crime was committed 76% of all rape defendants had been drinking at the time of the alleged offense One in three road crash deaths were alcohol
The removal act was passed by Jackson in 1830 and forced about 20,000 Native Americans out of there home land. There is evidence that the Cherokee 's land was rich in gold. The land was very valuable so relocating the Native Americans would
According to world health organization (WHO) estimation there is around 1.25 billion smoker worldwide  and about 4– 37.2 % of pregnant women smoke regularly [2, 3]. Waterpipe smoking becomes an international new trend of smoking . Many waterpipe smokers believe that this type of smoking is less lethal and addicting than cigarette smoking . The prevalence of waterpipe smoking is increased dramatically among several countries especially among youth [6, 7]. Of interest, the prevalence of waterpipe smoking is increased among pregnant women as well [8, 9].
Entry 1 Who were the Native Americans? Native Americans spoke hundreds of different languages and were a diverse group of people who, for the most part, crossed the Bering Strait between 15,000 and 60,000 years ago. What were the major differences between Native Americans and Europeans? At that time, Europeans had made significantly more advancements in metal tools, gunpowder, and science. Native Americans also had a different political system, religious views, and family structure then the Europeans.