From colonial times until the end of the Indian Wars in 1890, the people in America went through a series of unfair and unfortunate events. Mainly for the Indians which are also called the first peoples. These events could have been handled with much more consideration for the Indians. There are many times when the Americans went too far including the Removal Act of 1830, the Reservation System, and the Act for the Government and Protection of Indians. The Indian Removal Act was passed during Andrew Jackson’s presidency on May 28, 1830. This authorized the president to grant land that was west of the Mississippi River to Indians that agreed to give up their homeland. They believed that the land could be more profitably farmed by non-Indians. …show more content…
In 1850, California's first legislature passed the Act for the Government and Protection of Indians. This wrote even more unreasonable laws into place. Indians could not testify against white men and white men were able to take control over the Indian children. It was also illegal to see or give alcohol to any Indians. If an indian was convicted of a crime or stealing anything valuable, he or she would receive a violent punishment and a fine. A few years later, California passed a law making it a crime to come in contact or remove the body of a deceased person. Indians were exempted from this law and this lead to Indian grave robbing. Then, In 1860 an amendment was passed to the Act for the Government and Protection of Indians which stated that if Indians were not already captured or enslaved they could be kidnapped. Some of the goals of California’s legislation were to promote Indian slavery and deny Indians equal protection under the law. They also would fund and empower militias who would attack the California Indians. Studies find it impossible to know how many Indians were killed by these militias during the period of 1850 to
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Between 1830's and 1840's the life of the California Indians were brought down, and the wealthy Californios enjoyed the benefits. Since in 1824, a California governor tried to force the separation of Indians and the missions, and soldiers killed many Californian natives for their resistance. In 1833, General Jose Figueroa, governor of California, approved the law of secularization, which was the decision to take away the lands from the Missions and give them to the natives. This decision affected 18,000 mission Indians because most of them depended on the missions. With the secularization, Indians gained their freedom and received part of the missions' land; however, the natives did not have money and tools to work the land; thus, some
The Indians that left their homeland would be granted by the president land west of the Mississippi River, and this law would extend financial and material assistance on their travel. With this act in effect, Americans were permitted to influence, bribe, and threaten tribes
The Indian tribes that were located in Indiana territory were the Chickasaw, Cherokee, Creek, Cheyenne, Commanche, and Apache tribes. In 1887 the Dawes Act was created to force Indians into white culture. The Dawes Act ended tribal leadership and gave each Indian family 160 acres of land. On April 22, 1889, was the Oklahoma Land Rush. About 50 thousand boomers were waiting along the borders of Indian territory to go claim their land.
Indians were forced to dig. Even they didn't have any right to go against white people according to california law that time. They were kidnapped and sold too. Life was becoming harder for them as the city of San Francisco became an important part of U.S economy. There were 50,000 Native Americans in california in 1849.
The issue of invading American Indian territory quickly became a problem. The new residents of the West also required food, which was quickly reducing the population of the American Bison. As stated by General Sheridan the buffalo hide hunters were “destroying the Indians’ commissary.” (Roark, James L; Johnson, Michael P; Cohen, Patricia Cline; Stage, Sarah; Hartmann, Susan M;, 2014). The Dawes Act created in 1887, divided Indian land and distributed it to individual Indians. This Act made the American government provide protected land to the American Indians and provide allotments (Roark, James L; Johnson, Michael P; Cohen, Patricia Cline; Stage, Sarah; Hartmann, Susan M;, 2014).
The act only gave the president the power to negotiate relocation with southern tribes; however, when many Native Americans resisted, the government turned to much more damaging and harmful methods of expulsion (Stewart 38). The Indian Removal Act was utterly inhumane because it was the cause of thousands of deaths and destroyed the lives of the natives that survived. To begin, because of the Indian Removal Act, Native Americans suffered a loss
Due to the influx of Europeans moving to the West, most tribes had to abandon their land (“Gold, Greed & Genocide”). The Europeans brought over all kinds of diseases that caused the deaths of up to 16,000 Native Americans in California (Blakemore). Most died from smallpox but, malaria, influenza, yellow fever, measles, typhus, bubonic plague, typhoid fever, cholera, and pertussis were also diseases the Native Americans suffered from as well (Boyd). Another thing that caused the decline of the Native American population in California was widespread random killings and individual miner murders (“California Indian History”). This made the Native American population go down by 100,000 (“Gold, Greed & Genocide”).
In the California Genocide, 100,000 Native Americans were killed between the years of 1848 and 1868. Perhaps the biggest impact however was the creation of the California state. On September 9, 2017, California’s population had grown large enough to become assimilated into the US’s territory, causing it to further exponentially grow and develop into
Gold Rush Nuggets’ edition “5 Little-Known Facts about the California Gold Rush” also claims, “[the] population of 150,000 Indians dramatically dropped to just 30,000, with only 20% of the original population staying intact.” Clearly, the gold rush’s idea of Manifest Destiny and everyone being entitled to their “claimed land” left negative impacts on Native Americans and essentially wiped out most tribes. While the idea of Manifest Destiny during the gold rush did lead to exploration and immigration, it also lead to environmental issues and the termination of several Native American
When the Europeans began colonizing the New World, they had a problematic relationship with the Native Americans. The Europeans sought to control a land that the Natives inhabited all their lives. They came and decided to take whatever they wanted regardless of how it affected the Native Americans. They legislated several laws, such as the Indian Removal Act, to establish their authority. The Indian Removal Act had a negative impact on the Native Americans because they were driven away from their ancestral homes, forced to adopt a different lifestyle, and their journey westwards caused the deaths of many Native Americans.
The Act led to an array of legal and moral arguments for and against the need to relocate the Indians westward from the agriculturally productive lands of the Mississippi in Georgia and parts of Alabama. This paper compares and contrasts the major arguments for and against the
This was driving the indians off the land. Indians were not respected at all. Injustice to Native Americans still happens today, and not just to Californian tribes. Native Americans have to deal with many injustices. Violence against women, health care, education, and many other things.
The United States made multiple policies against the Indians in order to keep in the indians in one place.
When agriculture in California became more abundant and well-paying between 1910 and 1920, and since many of them had originated from the villages in rural India, a large number of Indian immigrants decided to choose the fields and orchards as a form of employment (Pavri). Euro-American workers saw them as a threat to jobs and were the ones to organize for the removal of Indians (Lei and Arguelles). In 1907, in Bellington, Washington; a mob of about of around 500 men forced about 300 Indians to flee after attacking their boarding houses and mills. The organization known as the Asiatic Exclusion League was also founded in 1907